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Disclaimer Oncology - Cancer - bladder cancer - diagnosis
Your gateway to information on bladder cancer

Bladder Cancer

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
In many cases bladder cancer is diagnosed by examination of urine. Urine examination under a microscope may show cancer cells. Examination of the bladder using a cystoscope may show bladder wall changes or growth of a tumor. If cancer is suspected, sample of the suspicious tissue is taken for examination under the microscope. CT scan of the abdomen sometimes may be useful to further evaluate the tumor in the bladder. This will also help to determine whether cancer is confined to the bladder or if it has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, or liver.

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  • Bladder cancer: resources

    Bladder cancer diagnosis
    How Is Bladder Cancer Diagnosed?   (American Cancer Society)
    Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer   (Johns Hopkins Pathology)
    Cystoscopy: interactive tutorial   (MEDLINEplus)
    Cystoscopy   (Genesis Health System)
    Cystoscopy   (MEDLINEplus)
    Imaging techniques used in cancer   (

    Bladder cancer staging
    Staging of Bladder Cancer   (Johns Hopkins Pathology)
    How Is Bladder Cancer Staged?   (American Cancer Society)

    Bladder cancer: Selected reading

    The Guide to Living With Bladder Cancer   (Mark P. Schoenberg , Johns Hopkins Genitourinary Oncology)
    Beating Cancer With Nutrition   (by Patrick Quillin, Noreen Quillin)
    Bladder cancer: treatment options   (by Medifocus)
    Cancer of the Urinary Bladder   (by William L. Caldwell )
    Renal, Bladder, Prostate and Testicular Cancer   (by CPC Oncologic Urology )

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