From Medicineworld.org: Emotional Recovery From Breast Cancer
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Emotional Recovery From Breast Cancer
"We thought we'd find that women do worse psychologically after therapy," says Washington University psychology expert, Teresa L. Deshields, Ph.D., assistant professor of medicine. "That's the clinical lore. After all, a number of of the patients referred to us are the ones struggling at the end of therapy. But our study shows that within two weeks most women adjust very well to survivorship".
The research team surveyed 94 women drawn from patients of the radiation oncology practice at the Siteman Cancer Center at Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes-Jewish Hospital. The women, averaging 55 years of age, had stage 0, I, II or III breast cancer and at the start of the study were completing the last of a six- to seven-week course of daily radiation therapys.
The women were surveyed five times: on their last day of radiation therapy, two weeks later, several days before their first follow-up appointment (four to six weeks post-treatment) and at three and six months. The survey measured patients' depressive symptoms and quality of life (the quality of life measurement quantifies a set of attributes that include physical, social/family, emotional and functional well-being, and breast-cancer-specific concerns). For the group of breast-cancer survivors, the average score for indications of depression was heightened at the end of therapy compared to a group of healthy men and women. A higher score on the depression index indicates more severe depressive symptoms.
The measure of depressive symptoms dropped significantly after therapy, reaching a low two weeks later and staying fairly stable to the six-month time point. The average score for the breast-cancer survivors was similar to the scores of healthy men and women at the two-week checkpoint.
The average quality of life score for the breast-cancer survivors was low at the end of therapy when tested using a scale that captures important breast-cancer-specific issues such as feelings of femininity or self-consciousness about clothes. In this measurement, lower scores indicate worse quality of life.
The average patient's score rose significantly over the survey period. At the two-week mark the average quality-of-life score for these breast-cancer survivors was near the average score of a control group that consisted of other breast-cancer patients and reached and then exceeded that number at the time of follow-up and later times.
"Prior studies had never looked at breast-cancer survivors so soon after therapy, and we were surprised that most improvement happened so quickly," says Deshields, who directs Psycho-Oncology Services at the Siteman Center. "There's a concept called resiliency, the notion that people can withstand a lot and come through fine. Our largest patient group by far was these resilient patients who never experienced clinically significant depressive symptoms".
The study demonstrated that at each of the survey time points 75 percent of the patients were not clinically depressed. Some patients temporarily experienced symptoms of clinical depression at one or more time points, but only 6 percent stayed depressed throughout the study.
Deshields believes there are some important messages in the study for oncologists. One is that they can reassure patients at the end of therapy that their quality of life will improve quickly and any depressive feelings are likely to dissipate soon.
On the other hand, while most patients do bounce back after therapy, the study also found a small group who stayed depressed. Deshields says if patients don't get better quickly, their doctors should be concerned.
Of those patients who do experience serious emotional difficulties after therapy, their troubles can stem from the sudden loss of medical oversight and the support of family and friends. "When therapy ends, suddenly patients are let go--that's very hard for some people," Deshields says. "Often patients try to reintegrate into their usual lives. Inevitably, they find that life is different--they can't go back to where they were before therapy. They have to find a new normal".
Deshields's next study will use a new pain inventory her group developed to investigate cancer pain. The team will look at clusters of beliefs about cancer pain and determine how they affect cancer patients' tendency to report pain to their doctors.
Did you know?
Contrary to psychology experts' expectations, breast cancer survivors don't experience an extended emotional crisis after their therapy regimens end, according to a new study by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The study appears in the recent issue of Supportive Care in Cancer.
Medicineworld.org: Emotional Recovery From Breast Cancer
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