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Medicineworld.org: Hormone Therapy May Increase Risk Of Blood Clots

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Hormone Therapy May Increase Risk Of Blood Clots

Hormone Therapy May Increase Risk Of Blood Clots
Estrogen treatment may increase the risk of venous thrombosis, the formation of blood clots in the veins, among postmenopausal women who have had their uterus removed, as per a research studyin the April 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Venous thromboembolism (VT), which includes the conditions deep vein thrombosis (a blood clot in a deep vein) and pulmonary embolism (a blood clot that travels to the lungs), affects about one adult per 1,000 years of life, as per background information in the article. Scientists suspect that hormone treatment may increase a woman's risk of developing VT. The largest study analyzing the relationship between hormone treatment and VT is the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), which included two large clinical trials. One WHI trial examined the effects of estrogen plus progestin and found that this combination of hormones appeared to increase the risk of VT.

J. David Curb, M.D., University of Hawaii and Pacific Health Research Institute, Honolulu, and his colleagues analyzed data from the other WHI trial, in which the effect of estrogen alone was studied in 10,739 women aged 50 to 79 years. The participants were randomly assigned to take either combined equine estrogens (a mix of several estrogens) or placebo. They were followed for an average of 7.1 years, during which 197 women developed VT, including 144 with deep vein thrombosis, 91 with pulmonary embolism and 38 with both.

Of those 197 women who developed VT, 111 were taking estrogen and 86 were taking placebo. The risk of VT was slightly higher for women receiving estrogen treatment; was significantly increased for deep venous thrombosis, but not significantly increased for pulmonary embolism; and was highest in the first two years of treatment. Estrogen treatment appeared to affect risk more in women with higher physical activity levels and lower HDL (good) cholesterol. Overall, the risk of venous thrombosis associated with estrogen treatment was lower than that associated with estrogen plus progestin in the other WHI trial.

"Our data suggest that eventhough the absolute incidence is relatively low, the use of combined equine estrogens increases the relative risk of venous thrombosis in postmenopausal women without a uterus," the authors conclude. "Women with appropriate indications, such as short-term therapy of severe menopausal symptoms, should use combined equine estrogens only after careful consideration of the relative risks and benefits, particularly if the women have other risk factors for venous thrombosis," which include older age, obesity and a history of the condition.



Posted by: Janet    Source




Did you know?
Estrogen treatment may increase the risk of venous thrombosis, the formation of blood clots in the veins, among postmenopausal women who have had their uterus removed, as per a research studyin the April 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Medicineworld.org: Hormone Therapy May Increase Risk Of Blood Clots

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