Tumor Necrosis Factor Blockers May Not Cause CancerPatients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune, inflammatory disease marked by progressive joint and organ damage, face a high risk of developing cancer. Their vulnerability, particularly to lymphoma and leukemia, may be due to the nature of RA. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) antagonists, a type of biologic DMARD have also been implicated. TNF blockers, which work by........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 8/31/2006 5:10:27 AM)
Juices Reduces Alzheimer's RiskIn a large epidemiological study, scientists observed that people who drank three or more servings of fruit and vegetable juices per week had a 76 percent lower risk of developing Alzheimers disease than those who drank juice less than once per week.
The study by Qi Dai, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of Medicine, and his colleagues appears in the recent issue of The American Journal of Medicine.
The scientists followed a subset of........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/31/2006 4:57:53 AM)
Drink Orange Juice To Keep Kidney Stones AwayA daily glass of orange juice can help prevent the recurrence of kidney stones better than other citrus fruit juices such as lemonade, scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered.
The findings indicate that eventhough a number of people assume that all citrus fruit juices help prevent the formation of kidney stones, not all have the same effect. The study is available online and is scheduled would be reported in the Oct. 26........Go to the Kidney watch blog (Added on 8/31/2006 4:38:32 AM)
Aspirin And NSAIDs To Prevent ProstateenlargementScientists at Mayo clinic have observed that taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen may prevent or delay non-malignant prostatic hyperplasia, an enlarged prostate which can cause urinary symptoms in men as they age such as frequent urination, trouble starting urination, awakening frequently at night to urinate, weak urine stream and an urgent need to urinate. Details would be reported in the........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 8/30/2006 4:46:20 AM)
New device may improve visionResearchers at Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, say a visual aid they invented promises to improve the visual abilities of people with tunnel vision. In the first study to evaluate this small high tech device, the research team saw a significant increase in the effectiveness and speed with which visually impaired individuals found objects. The study -- in the recent issue of the Journal of Investigative.........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:52:52 PM)
Malpractice Concerns Deter ResidentsThe survey results were announced earlier this month at the Florida Obstetric and Gynecological Society (FOGS) annual meeting in West Palm Beach. Aaron Deutsch, MD, lead author of the study and chief resident in the USF Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, presented the findings. The paper received the 2006 first-place resident research award from FOGS.
"Florida is already a state without enough obstetrician/gynecologists to meet the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:48:02 PM)
Stress And Alzheimer's DiseaseStress hormones appear to rapidly exacerbate the formation of brain lesions that are the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, as per scientists at UC Irvine. The findings suggest that managing stress and reducing certain medications prescribed for the elderly could slow down the progression of this devastating disease.
In a study with genetically modified mice, Frank LaFerla, professor of neurobiology and behavior, and a team of UCI scientists........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:15:16 PM)
Dogs And Smog Don't MixA new study from scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) suggests that having a dog in the home may worsen the response to air pollution of a child with asthma. The study was published this week in the online edition of Environmental Health Perspectives, the journal of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
In "Dog Ownership Enhances Symptomatic Responses to Air Pollution in........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 5:03:19 AM)
Lowering Diabetes Risk In YouthAs schools across the country reopen their doors this fall, hundreds of sixth graders in 42 middle schools will begin taking part in a study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The HEALTHY study will determine if changes in school food services and physical education (PE) classes, along with activities that encourage healthy behaviors, lower risk factors for type 2 diabetes, an increasingly common disease in youth.
"The........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 8/28/2006 10:06:19 PM)
Serious Mental Illness In Katrina SurvivorsAs per the most comprehensive survey yet completed of mental health among Hurricane Katrina survivors from Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi, the proportion of people with a serious mental illness doubled in the months after the hurricane in comparison to a survey carried out several years before the hurricane. The study also observed that thoughts of suicide did not increase despite the dramatic increase in mental illness. The authors........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 9:41:32 PM)
Pain Control DiscoveryA newly discovered enzyme inhibitor, identified by scientists originally looking for biological pest controls, may lead to pain relief for sufferers of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases, say scientists at the University of California, Davis. The finding, hailed by a noted inflammatory disease expert "as the most important discovery in inflammation in more than a decade," may also reduce side effects linked to the painkiller, Vioxx.
........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 9:21:57 PM)
Sunscreens Can Damage SkinAre sunscreens always beneficial, or can they be detrimental to users? A research team led by UC Riverside chemists reports that unless people out in the sun apply sunscreen often, the sunscreen itself can become harmful to the skin.
When skin is exposed to sunlight, ultraviolet radiation (UV) is absorbed by skin molecules that then can generate harmful compounds, called reactive oxygen species or ROS, which are highly reactive molecules........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 8:51:56 PM)
Obesity Leads To More Aggressive Ovarian CancerWhether or not a woman is obese will likely affect her outcome once she has been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, according to a new study from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
The study, published online on Aug. 28 in the American Cancer Society's journal Cancer, showed that obesity affected survival rates, shortened the length of time to recurrence of the disease, and led to earlier death from the cancer than for women diagnosed at their ideal........Go to the Ovarian cancer blog (Added on 8/28/2006 5:18:40 AM)
Aromatherapy To Soothe And HealA bubble bath that improves memory. A kitchen cleaner that wards off nausea and energizes. A scented handkerchief that calms a patient entering the MRI. The benefits of aromatherapy are real. Below, learn the uses, healing properties and how-tos of using aromatherapy to heal and de-stress from The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
Scan the shelves of the local bath and body stores and one is sure to find products........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 9:14:38 PM)
Gut Tissue A Major Reservoir For HIVFINDINGS: UCLA scientists have found the human gut to be a major reservoir harboring the HIV virus -- holding almost twice as much as a person's blood. In addition, the virus stored in the gut does not decay or reduce over time, as is also the case with blood-related reservoirs. It is well-known that peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and lymph nodes are principal reservoirs harboring the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:50:36 PM)
A Pint Of Cider To Keep The Doctor AwayThe saying goes that an apple a day keeps the doctor away but now researchers at the University of Glasgow are looking into whether a pint of cider could have the same effect. Scientists have discovered that English cider apples have high levels of phenolics antioxidants associated with protection against stroke, heart disease and cancer and are working with volunteers to see whether these health benefits could be passed onto cider drinkers.
........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:14:51 PM)
How brain cells categorize images?Socks in the sock drawer, shirts in the shirt drawer, the time-honored lessons of helping organize one's clothes learned in youth. But what parts of the brain are used to encode such categories as socks, shirts or any other item, and how does such learning take place?
New research from Harvard Medical School (HMS) researchers has identified an area of the brain where such memories are found. They report in the advanced online Nature that........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:05:59 PM)
Adult stem cells are touchyA certain type of adult stem cell can turn into bone, muscle, neurons or other types of tissue depending on the "feel" of its physical environment, as per scientists at the University of Pennsylvania.
The scientists discovered that mesenchymal stem cells, which regularly reside in the bone marrow as part of the body's natural regenerative mechanism, depend on physical clues from their local environment in order to transform into different........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 8/25/2006 4:59:45 AM)
Genetic Link To Cot Death IdentifiedBabies born with specific variants of three key genes are 14 times more likely to die from cot death, new research has found.
The findings - published in Human Immunology - build on earlier research by The University of Manchester team that had already associated one of these genes with the condition.
The discovery of two further risk genes, say the paper's authors, is a major step forward in understanding the causes of cot death or........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 8/24/2006 10:36:57 PM)
Waterborne infectious diseases could soon be historyWaterborne infectious diseases, which bring death and illness to millions of people around the world, could largely be consigned to history by 2015 if global health partnerships integrate their programmes, as per Alan Fenwick writing in today's Science.
Professor Fenwick, from Imperial College London, argues that up to seven neglected tropical diseases including river blindness could be brought under control, with infection by some........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 8/24/2006 10:29:00 PM)
New cell-based targets for inflammatory diseasesPatients with systemic autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often suffer loss of kidney function. When marked by a crescent formation in the glomerulus a tiny ball comprised of capillary blood vessels integral to forming urine kidney failure tends to be rapidly progressive, irreversible, and fatal. Little is known about the mechanism behind this crescent or its relationship to immune-mediated inflammation.
To........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 8/31/2006 5:03:50 AM)
Diagnostic Tests Have Low Risk Of MiscarriagePregnant women who seek prenatal diagnostic testing to identify genetic or chromosomal abnormalities have a lower risk of miscarriage than previously believed, as per a UCSF study.
The findings appear in the September 2006 issue of the journal "Obstetrics and Gynecology".
Two standard tests--amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS)--are common prenatal tests performed during the first and second trimester of pregnancy. Early........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/31/2006 4:44:50 AM)
Treating Chronic Coronary Artery DiseaseMedication, angioplasty or surgery? For some heart disease patients, there's no clear-cut choice. The key to getting the best care is to follow your individual doctor's advice, new research shows.
The research, conducted at the Heart Institute of the University of So Paulo Medical School in Brazil, appears in the recent issue of Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
For the study, scientists evaluated data collected during the........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 8/30/2006 5:04:04 AM)
Repeated Alcohol Exposures Can Affect BrainScientists at the University at Buffalo studying the effects of alcohol on the brain, using zebrafish as a model, have identified several novel central nervous system proteins that are affected by chronic alcohol exposure.
They also confirmed the involvement of additional proteins previously suggested as targets of alcohol toxicity, and observed abnormal behavior in the fish resulting from chronic alcohol exposure.
Results of the research........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/30/2006 4:55:14 AM)
More than just pretty facesYou'll find more than faces in these places. Stanford University scientists have taken the closest look yet at a region of the brain that was believed to be devoted solely to face recognition and discovered that this particular patchwork of neurons does much more: It also responds to such objects as cars, animals and sculptures.
Current face perception theories suggest neurons in a portion of the brain called the fusiform gyrus light up in........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:50:05 PM)
Higher Risk For CesareanFor mothers at low risk, infant and neonatal mortality rates are higher among infants delivered by cesarean section than for those delivered vaginally in the United States, as per recent research reported in the latest issue of Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care. Scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed over 5.7 million live births and nearly 12,000 infant deaths over a four-year period. In general, neonatal (<28 days........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:36:16 PM)
How Cancer Drug Aids An Anti-cancer VirusScientists here have discovered how a specific chemotherapy drug helps a cancer-killing virus. The virus is being tested in animals for the therapy of incurable human brain tumors.
The virus, a modified herpes simplex virus, is injected directly into the tumor, where it enters only the cancer cells and kills them. The study found, however, that within hours of the injection, infection-fighting immune cells are drawn into the tumor to attack........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 8/29/2006 9:19:09 PM)
Proton Treatment Could Replace Radiation TherapyResearchers at MIT, collaborating with an industrial team, are creating a proton-shooting system that could revolutionize radiation treatment for cancer. The goal is to get the system installed at major hospitals to supplement, or even replace, the conventional radiation treatment now based on x-rays.
The fundamental idea is to harness the cell-killing power of protons -- the naked nuclei of hydrogen atoms -- to knock off cancer cells before........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 8/29/2006 5:11:32 AM)
A switch between life and deathCells in an embryo divide at an amazing rate to build a whole body, but this growth needs to be controlled. Otherwise the result may be defects in embryonic development or cancer in adults. Controlling growth requires that some cells divide while others die; their fates are determined by signals that are passed from molecule to molecule within the cell. Scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory [EMBL] in Heidelberg have now........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 10:02:09 PM)
Video Game For Stroke RehabilitationEngineers at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, have modified a popular home video game system to assist stroke patients with hand exercises, producing a technology costing less than $600 that may one day rival systems 10 times as expensive.
The Rutgers hand rehabilitation system is an example of virtual rehabilitation, which combines virtual reality computer-generated interactive visual environments in which users control actions........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 9:46:26 PM)
Lead Exposure Leads To Brain CancerPeople who are routinely exposed to lead on the job are 50 percent more likely to die from brain cancer than people who are not exposed, as per a University of Rochester Medical Center study.
More than 18,000 brain and spinal cord tumors will be diagnosed in the United States this year. Yet little is known about what causes brain cancer; the only established risk factor is radiation, as per the American Cancer Society.
Results of other........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 8/28/2006 9:25:34 PM)
Why You Go Hairless?Researchers looking at mice may have discovered why certain people are hairier than others in what could provide clues as to the reason some men go bald prematurely.
The University of Manchester team has laid bare the molecular processes that determine which embryonic skin cells will form into hair follicles and determine the body's hair pattern.
The findings will be of interest to researchers looking at male-pattern baldness but have........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 8/28/2006 9:03:31 PM)
Diabetes Control Poorer In Blacks Compared To WhitesA recently performed meta-analysis (a systematic analysis of several studies) combining 11 separate research studies observed that blacks with diabetes have poorer control of blood sugar than whites. These research findings come from Wake Forest University School of Medicine and his colleagues.
"This lower level of control may partly explain why blacks have disproportionately higher rates of death and complications from diabetes," said........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 8/28/2006 4:25:15 AM)
Identifying People Most At Risk For AlcoholismScientists at the Molecular Neurobiology Branch of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, have completed the most comprehensive scan of the human genome to date associated with the ongoing efforts to identify people most at risk for developing alcoholism. This study represents the first time the new genomic technology has been used to comprehensively identify genes associated with substance abuse. The study........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:56:43 PM)
High Levels Of Prenatal Alcohol ExposureAlcohol consumption in Western Europe is generally considered to be more moderate in nature - daily, and with meals - than it is in other countries such as the United States. New research indicates that this may be an "urban myth," and that drinking levels in Italy - as measured by the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in Italian primary schools - are just as high as they are in the new........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:40:59 PM)
Acamprosate may help abstinent alcoholics sleep betterAlcoholics generally don't sleep well. Nor does abstinence improve the situation much. In fact, sleep difficulties during alcohol abstinence may be responsible for a relapse to alcoholism as individuals attempt to self medicate their sleeping problems. New findings show that an alcoholism-treatment drug called acamprosate, widely used in Europe, can alleviate post-withdrawal sleep disturbances by influencing glutamatergic transmission.
........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:19:52 PM)
Tricking Cancer Cell To Self-destructionResearchers have found a way to trick cancer cells into committing suicide. The novel technique potentially offers an effective method of providing personalized anti-cancer treatment.
Most living cells contain a protein called procaspase-3, which, when activated, changes into the executioner enzyme caspase-3 and initiates programmed cell death, called apoptosis. In cancer cells, however, the signaling pathway to procaspase-3 is broken. As a........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 8/27/2006 7:02:02 PM)
Researchers Restore Memory Lost In Mice With Alzheimer'sScientists at Columbia University Medical Center have successfully restored normal memory and synaptic function in mice suffering from Alzheimer's disease. The study was published recently on the website of the journal Cell.
Researchers at Columbia's Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain have identified an enzyme that is mandatory for normal cognition but that is impaired in a mouse model of Alzheimer's. They........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/25/2006 5:09:34 AM)
Gene Variants Cause Susceptibility To Heart DiseaseVariations in a gene that acts as a switch to turn on other genes may predispose individuals to heart disease, an international team of scientists led by Duke University Medical Center researchers has discovered.
Further study of this master switch -- a gene called GATA2 -- and the genes it controls may uncover a regulatory network that influences whether a person inherits coronary artery disease, the most common form of heart disease in the........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 8/25/2006 4:57:06 AM)
NSAIDs and congenital anomaliesWomen who take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) early in their pregnancies may be more likely to give birth to babies with congenital defects, especially cardiac septal defects. These are the findings of a case-control study reported in the recent issue of Birth Defects Research Part B, a journal published by John Wiley & Sons. The article is also available online via Wiley Interscience (
A number of pregnant women get........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/24/2006 10:23:40 PM)