Guideline For Treating Lyme DiseaseA guideline developed by the American Academy of Neurology finds conventionally recommended courses of antibiotics are highly effective for treating nervous system Lyme disease. However, there is no compelling evidence that prolonged therapy with antibiotics has any benefit in treating symptoms that persist following standard treatment. The guideline is published May 23, 2007, in the online edition of Neurology, the scientific journal of the........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 5/23/2007 10:05:17 PM)
Psychological bullying hits just as hardSchool bullying doesn't have to leave physical bumps and bruises to contribute to a hostile and potentially dangerous school environment. Behavior that intentionally harms another individual, through the manipulation of social relationships (or 'relational aggression'), is just as significant a concern for adolescent psychosocial development and mental health, as per Dr. Sara Goldstein from Montclair State University and her colleagues from the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 10:01:04 PM)
Sexual orientation affects how we navigate and recall lost objectsScientists at the University of Warwick have observed that sexual orientation has a real effect on how we perform mental tasks such as navigating with a map in a car but that old age does not discriminate on grounds of sexual orientation and withers all mens minds alike just ahead of womens.
The University of Warwick scientists worked with the BBC to collect data from over 198,000 people aged 2065 years (109,612 men and 88,509 women). As........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 9:57:30 PM)
Same-day coronary angiography and surgeryMayo Clinic scientists discovered it is safe -- and much more convenient and less costly -- for a number of patients to undergo coronary angiography and elective valve surgery on the same day, it is published in the current issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
We have developed a protocol to allow patients to safely have coronary angiography on the same day as their elective surgery, says David Holmes Jr., M.D., a heart specialist at Mayo........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 5/23/2007 8:33:48 PM)
Benefits Of Aspirin To Prevent Colon CancerA colon cancer researcher at the Ireland Cancer Center of University Hospitals Case Medical Center (UHCMC) has laid out the roadmap for how medical science should employ aspirin and new aspirin-like drugs for use in preventing colon cancer in certain high-risk individuals.
In today's New England Journal (NEJM), Sanford Markowitz, MD, PhD, writes an editorial accompanying research from Dr. Charles Fuchs' team at Harvard Medical School that........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/23/2007 8:21:08 PM)
Treating Female Urinary IncontinenceA minimally invasive device for treating recurrent stress urinary incontinence in women has been shown to be safe and effective in early clinical trials and is now under review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), says Emory University School of Medicine urologist and trial co-principal investigator Niall Galloway, MD.
Preliminary results from the North American Adjustable Continence Therapy (ACT) clinical study group will be........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 5/22/2007 9:58:58 PM)
Aripiprazole in major depressive disorderInvestigational studies are important because a number of patients with major depressive disorder do not achieve adequate symptom response, said study investigator Arif Khan, M.D., Medical Director, Northwest Clinical Research Center, Bellevue, Wash., and Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, N.C. The findings from this study contribute more information about the potential use of add-on medications to antidepressant treatment........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/22/2007 9:37:37 PM)
Caspase-14 protects skin against UVB and dehydrationUltraviolet rays can be harmful to our skin and pave the way to the onset of skin cancers. VIB researchers connected to Ghent University have demonstrated that the caspase-14 protein - whose function has been unknown up to now - not only plays a role in maintaining the balance of moisture in the skin but also offers protection against UVB rays. Future strategies that increase the production of caspase-14 will open new possibilities for........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 12:29:02 PM)
Eating apples and fish during pregnancyWomen who eat apples and fish during pregnancy may reduce the risk of their children developing asthma or allergic disease, suggests a new study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20.
The SEATON study, conducted at the University of Aberdeen, UK, observed that the children of mothers who ate the most apples were less likely to ever have wheezed or have doctor-confirmed asthma at the age........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 12:16:39 PM)
Hotter is better for removing allergens in laundryA new study finds that the heat setting you choose when doing laundry makes all the difference when it comes to killing dust mites. The scientists observed that washing laundry in hot water--140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 C) or higher--kills all house dust mites, compared with just 6.5% of dust mites in laundry washed at 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 C), or warm water. The study is being presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 12:03:08 PM)
Sleep Apnea Patients And Risk Of Car CrashesPeople with obstructive sleep apnea have a markedly increased risk of severe motor vehicle crashes involving personal injury, as per a research studypresented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20.
The study of 800 people with sleep apnea and 800 without the nighttime breathing disorder observed that patients with sleep apnea were twice as likely as people without sleep apnea to have a car crash,........Go to the Lung news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 11:41:48 AM)
Persistent Smokers May Have Higher Risk Of DepressionBased on a Finnish study, persistent smokers may have higher risk to become depressed compared to never smokers. Also those smokers who quit have an elevated risk of depressive symptoms in short run. However, in long run this risk declines to the level of never smokers. In other words, both completely smoke-free life style and successful smoking cessation in long run seem to protect from depressive symptoms.
It is known that depression is........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:48:20 AM)
Lubiprostone For Irritable Bowel SyndromeA new study demonstrated that the active ingredient in AMITIZA (lubiprostone), given 8 mcg twice a day, may improve symptom relief rates in adults with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). These results were presented as a late-breaker at Digestive Disease Week 2007, the largest annual international meeting of digestive disease specialists.
"In this study, patients receiving lubiprostone were nearly twice as likely to achieve........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:42:23 AM)
Protein Protects Neurons from Stress Induced Cell DeathThe researchers could show that Parkin prevents the induction of neuronal cell death. As published in the "Journal of Neuroscience", the protein activates a survival mechanism which had been known for its prominent role in immune response.
Usually, Parkinson's disease occurs after the age of 50 and in Gera number of about 400,000 people are affected. Typically it is characterized by a decline of neurons in the so-called Substantia Nigra, a........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:34:57 AM)
Soft Contacts Designed for Cone-Shaped CorneaCustom-designed contacts improved vision for subjects with keratoconic eyes and offer hope of nonsurgical therapy instead of corneal transplants. University of Rochester scientists describe the custom design techniques and results of visual acuity tests in a paper published in April in Optics Letters.
Keratoconic eyes are rare but disabling. From the side, the eyes look more pointed or cone-shaped than round. The apex shift from visual axis........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 7:14:20 PM)
Healthy Humans Not Harmed By TaserUsing a Taser to control agitated suspects in police custody is standard operating procedure for a number of law enforcement agencies. In some circles, however, the idea that using a Taser could lead to a suspects death has caused controversy.
Now, the final results of a study conducted by emergency medicine physicians at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Medical Center showed no lasting effects of the Taser on healthy test........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 7:07:42 PM)
High-quality child care for poor children Young adults from low-income families who were in full-time early educational child care from infancy to age 5 report fewer symptoms of depression than their peers who were not in this type of care. The early educational intervention also appears to have protected the children to some extent against the negative effects of their home environments. These findings highlight the value of investing in high quality early childhood experiences for........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:28:31 AM)
Hyperactivity and academic achievement Children who are hyperactive tend to do worse academically than their peers who are not hyperactive. Eventhough the relationship between such behaviors as overactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness in children and poor achievement in math, reading, language, and other areas has been well documented, little is known about the reasons for this link. New research shows that the tie may be due to genetic influences.
The study, conducted by........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:27:01 AM)
No magic tomato? No benefit to prostate cancer preventionTomatoes might be nutritious and tasty, but dont count on them to prevent prostate cancer. In the recent issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, scientists based at the National Cancer Institute and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center report that lycopene, an antioxidant predominately found in tomatoes, does not effectively prevent prostate cancer. In fact, the scientists noted an association between beta-carotene, an........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:21:54 AM)
Violent sleep disorder linked to dementiaMayo Clinic scientists and a group of international collaborators have discovered a connection between an extreme form of sleep disorder and eventual onset of parkinsonism or dementia. The findings appear in the current issue of the journal Brain http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/
Clinical observations and pathology studies, as well as research in animal models, led to the findings that patients with the violent rapid eye movement sleep (REM)........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 5/16/2007 10:30:16 PM)
Telephone 'Quitlines' To Stop SmokingDentists may be able to help their patients stop smoking by referring them to tobacco-use telephone "quitlines," as per a pilot study reported in the recent issue of The Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA).
Dentists who intervene with patients to help them stop using tobacco can play a significant role in decreasing tobacco-related illness and death. However, providing support for such patients requires time and resources that........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/25/2007 3:33:03 PM)
In utero exposure to smoking and risk of ADHDWomen smokers who become pregnant have long been encouraged to reduce or eliminate their nicotine intake. A new study being reported in the June 15th issue of Biological Psychiatry provides further reason to do so, as it presents new evidence that in utero exposure to smoking is linked to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) problems in genetically susceptible children.
The study investigated male and female twin pairs, aged 719........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 10:02:32 PM)
Botulism bug has few genome wrinklesThe genome of the organism that produces the world's most lethal toxin is revealed today. This toxin is the one real weapon in the genome of Clostridium botulinum and less than 2 kg - the weight of two bags of sugar - is enough to kill every person on the planet. Very small amounts of the same toxin are used in medical therapys, one of which is known as Botox.
The genome sequence, reported in Genome Research, shows that C. botulinum doesn't........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 9:54:40 PM)
Bronchial thermoplasty for severe asthma patientsA medical device company that has developed a catheter-based procedure for the therapy of asthma, announced recently that positive results from the Research in Severe Asthma (RISA) Trial were reported today at the annual scientific assembly of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) by Neil Thomson, MD, Professor of Respiratory Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland. Clinically and statistically significant improvements in pulmonary........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 9:53:10 PM)
Aripiprazole In Adolescents With SchizophreniaIn a six-week study in adolescents (13-17 years old) with schizophrenia, the Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE: BMY) atypical antipsychotic aripiprazole demonstrated significant improvement in comparison to placebo on the primary efficacy endpoint, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score. In the findings first presented here at the 160th annual meeting of the American Psychiatric........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/23/2007 7:46:50 PM)
Patient satisfaction with SYMBICORTNew data demonstrated that the combination asthma treatment, SYMBICORT (budesonide/formoterol fumarate dihydrate), led to significant improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQL) and greater patient-reported satisfaction with asthma therapy, versus its monocomponents (budesonide or formoterol) or placebo. The results from these two 12-week randomized, double-blind trials were presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2007........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 5/22/2007 10:05:41 PM)
Stem cells provide clues to cancer spreadResearchers have made a breakthrough in understanding how cancers spread in what could lead to new ways of beating the disease.
The University of Manchester study used embryonic stem (ES) cells to investigate how some tumours are able to migrate to other parts of the body, which makes the therapy of cancer much more difficult.
Dr Chris Ward, in the Universitys Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, studied a crucial change that makes........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/22/2007 9:50:27 PM)
Cancer Cells Can Be Targeted And Destroyed Using LasersA nanocomposite particle can be constructed so that it has a mix of properties that would not otherwise happen in nature. By combining an organic matrix with metallic clusters that can absorb light, it is possible to incorporate such particles into cells and then destroy those targeted cells with a laser. In a presentation at the NSTI Nanotech 2007 Conference, scientists describe work conducted at the NanoBiotechnology Center, Department of........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/21/2007 12:33:28 PM)
'Healthy' children with smoking parents aren't really so healthyChildren of smokers who dont show any signs of respiratory problems may still be experiencing damaging changes in their airways that could lead to lung disease during the later part of life, as per a new study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20.
"Everyone knows that children of smokers have more respiratory problemsmore puffing, wheezing, cases of pneumoniabut until now we havent known........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 12:14:48 PM)
House dust may protect against allergic diseaseEndotoxin, a toxic substance made by certain types of bacteria, may reduce the risk of developing the allergic skin condition eczema or wheezing in children if they are exposed to it up to age 3, suggests a study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20.
Endotoxin is a part of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria, a type of bacteria that often causes disease. Endotoxin is released when........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 5/21/2007 11:46:29 AM)
Vitamin Supplements Don't Protect Against Lung CancerA study of more than 75,000 adults observed that taking supplemental multivitamins, vitamin C and E and folate do not decrease the risk of lung cancer. The findings are being reported at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Monday, May 21.
The study, which also did not find any increased lung cancer risk from the supplements, is one of the most detailed, prospective findings based on observation to look at the........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 5/21/2007 11:38:07 AM)
Impact Of Lifestyle On GI HealthAs per new research presented today at Digestive Disease Week 2007 (DDW), lifestyle factors like choosing your diet regimen or ordering an appetizer for dinner may have a significant impact on the gastrointestinal (GI) system, affecting your risk for certain diseases, weight and general GI-related activity. DDW is the largest international gathering of physicians and scientists in the fields of gastroenterology, hepatology, endoscopy and........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:52:24 AM)
Keeping pain and fatigue on the runWomen diagnosed with breast cancer should either get exercising or keep exercising. This is the message from a new study in Springer's Journal of Cancer Survivorship by Catherine Alfano and his colleagues at the Ohio State University1. The study of over 500 women who had survived breast cancer highlights how physical activity, and more specifically the intensity and amount of physical activity you do before and after cancer therapy, can........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:45:27 AM)
Soldiers acquired drug-resistant infections in field hospitalsAn outbreak of drug-resistant wound infections among soldiers in Iraq likely came from the hospitals where they were treated, not the battlefield, as per a new study in the June 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, currently available online.
The outbreak of drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex (ABC) infections among U.S. service members injured in Iraq has been of major concern to military health care workers........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 5/21/2007 10:31:59 AM)
Genome of yellow fever/dengue fever mosquito sequencedDeveloping new strategies to prevent and control yellow fever and dengue fever has become more possible with the completion of the first draft of the genome sequence of Aedes aegypti mosquito by researchers led by Vishvanath Nene at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) and David Severson at the University of Notre Dame. The genome is the complete set of genetic material including genes and other segments of DNA in an organism.
The........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 5/17/2007 8:31:37 PM)
Obese women are more likely to skip medical screening testsWomen who are severely overweight and obese are more likely than other women to skip cancer screenings. This happens despite the fact that being severely obese increases their risk of developing and dying of cancer.
Scientists from the United States analyzed data from a total of 8,300 women who were aged 40 to 74 who participated in the 2000 National Health Interview survey. The scientists observed that those women who were severely obese........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 6:44:29 PM)
Asthma patients have more optionsPeople with mild asthma that is well-controlled with twice-daily use of inhaled steroids may be able to reduce inhaler use to once a day or switch to a daily pill as per new research conducted at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and 20 other centers.
"This is good news for patients with mild, persistent asthma because it gives them more choices about how to manage their disease," said Stephen P. Peters, M.D., Ph.D., lead........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:30:17 AM)
Ulcerative colitis quite disruptiveNearly three out of four ulcerative colitis (UC) sufferers (73 percent) responding to a new nationwide survey say not feeling well has become a normal part of life. Furthermore, they describe UC as disruptive when it comes to their relationship with a spouse (64 percent), their sexual relations (75 percent) and their emotional state (82 percent).
UC patients "normalize" aspects of their experience to the point that they resign themselves to........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:25:33 AM)
Fatalistic beliefs about cancerIf you feel that you are fated for cancer, your belief could turn into a self-fulfilling prophecy. As per a national survey of more than 6,000 U.S. adults reported in the recent issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a substantial number of American adults hold fatalistic beliefs about cancer and are correspondingly less likely to take basic steps to lower their cancer risk, such as exercising, quitting smoking and eating a........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/17/2007 5:19:54 AM)
Alzheimer's weight gain initiativeSwedish scientists have found a way to increase the weight of people with Alzheimer's, by improving communication and patient involvement, altering meal routines and providing a more homely eating environment.
During the three-month study, reported in the recent issue of Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13 of the 18 patients in the intervention group put on weight, compared with just two of the 15 patients in the control group.
Patients who........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 5/15/2007 11:22:43 PM)