Youths in towns with smoke-free restaurant lawsYoung people who live in towns where regulations ban smoking in restaurants may be less likely to become established smokers, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
A number of studies have examined the risk factors that lead young people to try their first cigarette, as per background information in the article. However, fewer scientists have differentiated........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/5/2008 8:51:45 PM)
Mood Disorders Put Cancer Patients At Risk For PTSDPatients with breast cancer who have a previous history of mood and anxiety disorders are at a much higher risk of experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder following their diagnosis, new research suggests.
A study of 74 patients with breast cancer at the Ohio State University Medical Center observed that 16 percent of them (12 women) suffered from PTSD 18 months after diagnosis.
Women with PTSD were more than twice as likely as patients........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 5/5/2008 6:05:39 PM)
Uninsured kids in middle classNationwide, uninsured children in families earning between $38,000 and $77,000 a year are just as likely to go without any health care as uninsured children in poorer families. More than 40 percent of children in those income brackets who are uninsured all year see no physicians and have no prescriptions all year, as per new research from the University of Rochester Medical Center.
Theres an assumption that children in families with higher........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 5/3/2008 7:51:19 PM)
Treatment advances for fibroidsWomen with fibroids and endometriosis facing the possibility of hysterectomy may now choose less invasive therapy options to preserve fertility, as per Yale professor Aydin Arici, M.D., who will direct a scientific session exploring these alternatives at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Annual Clinical Meeting May 3-7 in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Arici will chair the two-day postgraduate ACOG course Current Topics........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 5/3/2008 7:33:12 PM)
Blood pressure killing the world's workersIn a todays issue of The Lancet, international health experts call for urgent action from international development banks and pharmaceutical companies to stem the epidemic of blood pressure-related diseases affecting developing countries worldwide.
New findings reveal that each year 8 million people die from heart disease and stroke, the two leading blood pressure-related diseases. The majority of these deaths occur in the developing world........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 5/2/2008 8:17:35 AM)
How some bacteria survive antibioticsScientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered how some bacteria can survive antibiotic therapy by turning on resistance mechanisms when exposed to the drugs. The findings, reported in the April 24 issue of the journal Molecular Cell, could lead to more effective antibiotics to treat a variety of infections.
"When patients are treated with antibiotics some pathogenic microbes can turn on the genes that protect them from........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 4/30/2008 5:32:03 PM)
Elderly heart patients with ICD devices live longerElderly patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure who receive implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death live longer than those that do not, as per scientists at the University of Pennsylvanias School of Medicine. Further, the health care costs linked to ICDs, while substantial at the time of implantation, do not greatly increase downstream health care costs in this population. The........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 4/30/2008 5:26:41 PM)
Benefits of drug therapy for diabetic eye diseaseA JDRF collaboration between Johns Hopkins scientists and Genentech has shown that a drug for the therapy of diabetic eye disease haccording toformed better in clinical trials than the current standard therapy using laser surgery.
These findings, representing the six-month end-point evaluation of the READ-2 clinical trial coordinated by The Johns Hopkins University, were presented Monday at the 2008 Annual Meeting of The Association for........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 4/29/2008 8:29:48 PM)
How cancer spreadsMetastasis, the spread of cancer throughout the body, can be explained by the fusion of a cancer cell with a white blood cell in the original tumor, as per Yale School of Medicine researchers, who say that this single event can set the stage for cancers migration to other parts of the body.
Their work was Reported in the recent issue of Nature Reviews Cancer. The studies, spanning 15 years, have revealed that the newly formed hybrid of the........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 4/29/2008 8:11:30 PM)
Brain's Reaction to Potent HallucinogenBrain-imaging studies performed in animals at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory provide scientists with clues about why an increasingly popular recreational drug that causes hallucinations and motor-function impairment in humans is abused. Using trace amounts of Salvia divinorum - also known as "salvia," a Mexican mint plant that can be smoked in the form of dried leaves or serum - Brookhaven researchers........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/28/2008 5:43:52 PM)
Predicting breast cancer patient outcomeNot a day goes by without a new story about the environment. Eventhough we often consider the environment on a global scale, cells in our body also have to contend with environmental factors. New studies from a team of scientists from the Research Institute of the MUHC and McGill University show that the environment surrounding breast cancer cells plays a crucial role in determining whether tumor cells grow and migrate or whether they fade........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 4/28/2008 5:31:23 PM)
Docs need better bedside mannersAs the 2008 national presidential election heats up, one topic remains a voter hot button and a constant debate issue the health care crisis in America. Political affiliations aside, there is one aspect everyone can agree on the importance of access to quality health care. But what defines quality health care today" As per a new survey conducted by Kelton Research for the Arnold P. Gold Foundation, a vast majority of Americans wish their........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 10:21:24 PM)
New technology for boosting vaccine efficiencyOne of the most pressing biomedical issues is the development of techniques that increase the efficiency of vaccines. In a paper published on April 24, 2008 in the journal Vaccine, a Massachusettss biotechnology company, Cure Lab, Inc. has proposed a new technology for anti-viral vaccination. This technology consists of two major elements. First, each vaccine antigen should be made in two forms. One is easily processed within the organisms........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 10:09:31 PM)
Heart derived stem cells develop into heart muscleDutch scientists at University Medical Center Utrecht and the Hubrecht Institute have succeeded in growing large numbers of stem cells from adult human hearts into new heart muscle cells. A breakthrough in stem cell research. Until now, it was necessary to use embryonic stem cells to make this happen. The findings appear in the latest issue of the journal Stem Cell Research.
The stem cells are derived from material left over from open-heart........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 4/24/2008 5:11:17 AM)
Pregnancy is possible after cancer treatmentIt has been reported for the first time in Gera number of that healthy ovarian tissue has been taken from a non-pregnant woman with cancer and then re-implanted after cancer treatment. The patient is now 32 years old and could become pregnant as a result. This case is described by Ralf Dittrich and colleagues from Erlangen University Hospital in the current issue of Deutsches rzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2008; 105: 274-8).
........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 5:06:28 AM)
Protein that helps predict prostate cancer survivalAn Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute researcher has identified a protein that is a strong indicator of survival for men with advanced prostate cancer. The C-reactive protein, also known as CRP, is a special type of protein produced by the liver that is elevated in the presence of inflammation.
"This could mean that a simple blood test that is already available could help in clinical decision making and patient counseling.........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 4/22/2008 9:40:19 PM)
Ozone Air Pollution and Premature DeathShort-term exposure to current levels of ozone in a number of areas is likely to contribute to premature deaths, says a new National Research Council report, which adds that the evidence is strong enough that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency should include ozone-related mortality in health-benefit analyses correlation to future ozone standards. The committee that wrote the report was not asked to consider how evidence has been used by........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/22/2008 9:19:02 PM)
Chocolate bar shown to lower cholesterolThe results of a University of Illinois study have demonstrated an effective way to lower cholesterol levels by eating chocolate bars.
Eating two CocoaVia dark chocolate bars a day not only lowered cholesterol, it had the unexpected effect of also lowering systolic blood pressure, said John Erdman, a U. of I. professor of food science and human nutrition.
The study, funded in part by Mars Inc., the company that makes the bars, was........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 4/21/2008 8:09:43 PM)
Brain reacts to fairness as it does to money and chocolateThe human brain responds to being treated fairly the same way it responds to winning money and eating chocolate, UCLA researchers report. Being treated fairly turns on the brain's reward circuitry.
"We may be hard-wired to treat fairness as a reward," said co-author of study Matthew D. Lieberman, UCLA associate professor of psychology and a founder of social cognitive neuroscience.
"Receiving a fair offer activates the same brain........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/21/2008 6:34:03 PM)
Counseling trauma victims causes secondary traumaHearing repeated stories of suffering from trauma victims causes serious psychological stress in clinical social workers, a new Geisinger-led study suggests.
In a study appearing in the May edition of Research on Social Work Practice, Geisinger Senior Investigator Joseph Boscarino, PhD, MPH and his co-scientists examined psychological stress, job burnout and secondary trauma among 236 New York City social workers following the Sept. 11........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/21/2008 6:03:45 PM)
Breastfeeding may improve children's intelligence scoresLong-term, exclusive breastfeeding appears to improve childrens cognitive development, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Prior studies have reported that children and adults who were breastfed as infants have higher scores on IQ tests and other measures of cognitive (thinking, learning and memory) development than those who were fed formula, as per background information........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 5/5/2008 8:28:17 PM)
Preference for alcohol may lead to heavy drinkingResearchers at Duke University Medical Center have shown a correlation between early drinking patterns and a tendency to be a heavy drinker in adulthood, in a study of adolescent rats.
Drinking patterns in adolescents may be set after only a few exposures to alcohol, said Nicole L. Schramm-Sapyta, research associate in the Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology at Duke University School of Medicine. Rats that demonstrated a taste for........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/5/2008 6:10:21 PM)
1 in 10 children using cough, cold medicationsScientists from Boston Universitys Slone Epidemiology Center have observed that approximately one in ten U.S. children uses one or more cough and cold medications during a given week. These findings will be presented today at the 2008 Pediatric Academic Societies & Asian Society for Pediatric Research Joint Meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Pediatric cough and cold medications are widely marketed in the U.S. but surprisingly little is known........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 5/3/2008 7:45:20 PM)
Unemployment having impact on kids' health-careTwo new studies conducted by scientists at Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center point to the negative impact of parental job loss on childrens healthcare and the importance of having continuous health insurance coverage to meet childrens healthcare needs and reduce healthcare disparities.
The studies will be presented Saturday May 3 at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies in Honolulu.
These studies describe a........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 5/3/2008 7:36:34 PM)
Better-educated women are a healthier weightA new comparison of multi-national data, released this month, reveals that highly educated women have a healthier average weight than less educated women, but that the meaning of healthier changes as per a nations relative wealth. In countries where malnutrition is prevalent, better-educated women weigh more. But in wealthier countries with rapidly growing rates of obesity better-educated women weigh less.
As a population moves through the........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 4/30/2008 6:02:21 PM)
Salk study links diabetes and Alzheimer's diseaseDiabetic individuals have a significantly higher risk of developing Alzheimers disease but the molecular correlation between the two remains unexplained. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies identified the probable molecular basis for the diabetes Alzheimers interaction.
As per a research findings reported in the current online issue of Neurobiology of Aging, researchers led by David R. Schubert, Ph.D., professor in........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 4/30/2008 5:55:05 PM)
Childbirth training change improves safetyRelatively inexpensive interventions were effective in helping health care providers in Latin America improve the way they treat mothers during labor and delivery, reducing bleeding and sometimes saving lives of women during childbirth, as per a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health study released recently in the New England Journal (NEJM).
Using teaching techniques that employed behavioral change strategies........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 4/30/2008 5:16:12 PM)
Body image program reduces onset of obesityIn their research on eating disorders, Oregon Research Institute (ORI) researchers help young women reduce the influence of the thin ideal, which is described as associating success and happiness with being thin.
ORI scientist Eric Stice, Ph.D. and colleagues have observed that their obesity prevention program reduced the risk for onset of eating disorders by 61% and obesity by 55% in young women. These effects continued for as long as 3........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 4/29/2008 8:22:19 PM)
Will you be misdiagnosed?New York, April 28, 2008 How frequently do doctors misdiagnose patients? While research has demonstrated that the great majority of medical diagnoses are correct, the answer is probably higher than patients expect and certainly higher than doctors realize. In a Supplement to the recent issue of The American Journal of Medicine, a collection of articles and commentaries sheds light on the causes underlying misdiagnoses and demonstrates a........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/28/2008 9:53:12 PM)
Language skills develop at 6Psychology experts at the University of Liverpool have discovered that children as young as six are as adept at recognising possible verbs and their past tenses as adults.
In a study conducted by the Universitys Child Language Study Centre, children aged between six and nine were given sentences containing made-up verbs such as the duck likes to spling and were asked to judge the acceptability of possible past tense forms. The study focused........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 4/28/2008 8:48:03 PM)
Stem Cells In the PituitaryA team of scientists led by researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have for the first time identified stem cells that allow the pituitary glands of mice to grow even after birth. They observed that, in contrast to most adult stem cells, these cells are distinct from those that fuel the initial growth of this important organ. The results suggest a novel way that the hormone-secreting gland may adapt, even in adolescents and adults, to........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 4/28/2008 5:11:31 PM)
Racial disparities in smoking cessation treatmentA new study from the American Cancer Society finds black and Hispanic smokers are less likely than whites to receive and use smoking cessation advice and aids. The study, published in the recent issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, also finds men and those without a usual source of medical care were less likely to be screened for tobacco use and receive advice to quit.
Members of several racial and ethnic minority........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 10:26:15 PM)
How Neurons Generate MovementWhen the eye tracks a bird's flight across the sky, the visual experience is normally smooth, without interruption. But underlying this behavior is a complex coordination of neurons that has remained mysterious to scientists. Now, UCSF scientists have broken ground in understanding how the brain generates this tracking motion, a finding that offers a window, they say, into how neurons orchestrate all of the body's movements.
The study,........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 10:11:35 PM)
Every fifth adolescent smokesAs a number of as 20% of adolescents from 11 to 17 years of age smoke. This was the result of the nationwide German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), performed by the Robert Koch Institute and presented by the sociologist Thomas Lampert in the current edition of Deutsches rzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2008; 105: 265-71).
The analysis of tobacco consumption by children and........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 5:08:39 AM)
Advances In Breast ReconstructionLumpectomy or breast conservation surgery is the most common type of breast cancer surgery currently performed. A benefit of the surgery is that only part of the breast is removed, but a drawback can be the resulting physical appearance of the breast, which may be disfigured, dented or uneven. A report in April's Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® , the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), examines........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 4/24/2008 5:04:21 AM)
Environment influences when drinking beginsThe influence of genetics increases as young women transition from taking their first drink to becoming alcoholics. A team of scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis observed that eventhough environment is most influential in determining when girls begin to drink, genes play a larger role if they advance to problem drinking and alcohol dependence.
The scientists studied 3,546 female twins ages 18 to 29 to ferret........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/24/2008 5:02:01 AM)
Low grades, bad behavior? Siblings may be to blameWe all know the story of a man named Brady and the group that somehow formed a family. But if the iconic 70s sitcom about a blended family reflected reality, the Brady Bunch likely would have been dealing with much more than silly sibling squabbles.
Heres the real story: On average, adolescents living with half- or stepsiblings have lower grades and more school-related behavior problems, and these problems may not improve over time, as per........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/22/2008 9:27:27 PM)
Coke or Pepsi?A can of Coke next to the word awesome; a can of Pepsi next to a picture of a happy couple. Seem too basic to be effective advertising" Previous research has shown that reported attitudes towards brands are not affected by such simple juxtapositions. However, a new paper in the June 2008 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research examines our implicit opinions and finds that we may actually be more susceptible than we think.
Bryan Gibson........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/21/2008 9:07:27 PM)
Why teens get hooked on cocaine more easilyNew drug research suggests that teens may get addicted and relapse more easily than adults because developing brains are more powerfully motivated by drug-related cues. This conclusion has been reached by scientists who observed that adolescent rats given cocaine a powerfully addicting stimulant were more likely than adults to prefer the place where they got it. That learned association endured: Even after experimenters extinguished the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/21/2008 7:54:40 PM)
Sharper imags: sports vision clinicThe standard eye chart only covers letters and numbers, but athletes need above average vision to track balls hurtling toward them at alarming speeds. To test those special skills, a University of Houston optometrist has founded the Sports Vision Performance Center, a facility where athletes perform while a strobe light is flashing, play tag with a board of lights and engage in other activities designed to improve their visual abilities.
The........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 4/21/2008 6:07:58 PM)