Some men with prostate cancer doesn't require immediate treatmentA multi-center study of patients with prostate cancer appearing in today's Journal of Urology recommends that for some men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer, opting not to initially receive therapy can be safe if they are closely monitored.
The study addresses an important question for men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer and at minimal risk of cancer progression or metastases: when to actively treat versus when to observe and........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 3/16/2009 5:14:13 AM)
New way to explore DNAA team that includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has found a new way of detecting functional regions in the human genome. The novel approach involves looking at the three-dimensional shape of the genome's DNA and not just reading the sequence of the four-letter alphabet of its DNA bases.
In a paper reported in the early online edition of Science, a team led by Elliott Margulies, Ph.D., of the National Human Genome........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 3/12/2009 9:52:42 PM)
Folic acid may increase prostate cancer riskA study led by scientists at the University of Southern California (USC) observed that men who took a daily folic acid supplement of 1 mg daily had more than twice the risk of prostate cancer compared with men who took a placebo.
The finding came from a secondary analysis of the Aspirin/Folate Polyp Prevention Study (AFPP), a placebo-controlled randomized trial to determine the impact of aspirin and folic acid on colon polyps in men and........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 3/10/2009 11:02:03 PM)
Impact of nurse practitioners prescriptionsFamily nurse practitioners need to be more aware of the commercial pressures they face as a result of their increased involvement in prescribing, as per a survey reported in the recent issue of the UK-based Journal of Advanced Nursing
"Our detailed study of 84 family nurse practitioners (FNPs) showed low awareness of how marketing by pharmaceutical companies affects clinical decisions and creates conflicts of interest" says Dr Nancy Crigger,........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/10/2009 10:59:29 PM)
When older adult takes couple of drinksElderly adults appears to be more affected by a couple of glasses of wine than their younger counterparts are -- yet they are less likely to be aware of it, a newly released study suggests.
The findings, reported in the recent issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, suggest that elderly adults should be especially careful about driving after social drinking.
"How a number of times have you asked someone, 'Are you OK to........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 3/6/2009 9:42:12 PM)
How a parent's depression affects childrenLife is hard for the children of a parent suffering from depression. Children take on an enormous amount of responsibility for the ill parent and for other family members. It is therefore important for the health services to be aware of this and have support functions in place for the whole family, and not just for the person who is ill. This is the conclusion of a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 3/6/2009 9:33:40 PM)
Injectable birth control causes weight gainWomen using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), usually known as the birth control shot, gained an average of 11 pounds and increased their body fat by 3.4 percent over three years, as per scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB).
However, women who switched to nonhormonal contraception began to slowly lose the weight and fat mass they gained nearly four pounds over two years, while those who used oral contraception........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:26:34 AM)
Antibody treatment for sever asthmaMcMaster University scientists have found patients with a very severe asthma benefit from injections of the antibody, mepolizumab.
The study by Dr. Param Nair and his colleagues based at The Firestone Institute for Respiratory Disease, St. Joseph's Healthcare, found patients who require a lot of medication, including prednisone, to control their disease benefit from the injections.
The research reported in the New England Journal (NEJM)........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:15:28 AM)
Childhood obsessive symptoms and OCDA research group led Miguel ngel Fullana, researcher at the Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, psychology expert the Institute of Psychiatric Treatment of Hospital de Mar in Barcelona and researcher at King's College Institute of Psychiatry, London, has carried out a first study which connects the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive rituals in childhood with the risk of developing an obsessive-compulsive........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:13:25 AM)
Safety of intravenous gammaglobulin treatmentNew research out of Wake Forest University School of Medicine identifies the presence of cardiovascular risk factors as an indicator of how likely it is that elderly, hospitalized patients who receive intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy will have a stroke or heart attack.
An advance copy of the study appears online this week in the Journal of Neurology, the official publication of the European Neurological Society. It is scheduled to........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:01:20 AM)
Will teenagers listen to parent's advice on smoking?Parents can help their teenagers to never start smoking. A Swedish study reported in the open access journal BMC Public Health has observed that adolescents respond positively to their parents' attitudes towards smoking.
The research, carried out by a team led by Maria Nilsson of Ume University, Sweden,.
utilized statistics obtained from three national surveys conducted by The National Board for Health and Welfare and The Swedish National........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/4/2009 6:16:30 AM)
Obesity may lead to infertilityObese women have alterations in their ovaries which might be responsible for an egg's inability to make an embryo, as per a newly released study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM).
Obese women trying to become pregnant experience longer times to conception, even if they are young and have a regular menstrual cycle. This study sought to determine if there are alterations........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 3/4/2009 6:11:26 AM)
Drinking wine lowers risk of Barrett's esophagusDrinking one glass of wine a day may lower the risk of Barrett's Esophagus by 56 percent, as per a newly released study by the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in the recent issue of Gastroenterology Barrett's Esophagus is a precursor to esophageal cancer, the nation's fastest growing cancer with an incidence rate that's jumped 500 percent in the last 30 years.
Barrett's Esophagus affects 5 percent of the population and occurs when........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:15:53 AM)
Swimming lessons do not increase drowning riskProviding very young children with swimming lessons appears to have a protective effect against drowning and does not increase children's risk of drowning, reported scientists at the National Institutes of Health.
The scientists state that the findings should ease concerns among health professionals that giving swimming lessons to children from ages 1 to 4 years might indirectly increase drowning risk by making parents and caregivers less........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:12:25 AM)
Treating high cholesterol in HIV patientsA newly released study in the online issue of Annals of Internal Medicine has observed that cholesterol medications can work well among certain HIV patients at risk for cardiovascular disease.
Though HIV patients are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease in part due to lipid abnormalities that can occur with the use of certain antiretroviral therapies, scientists now have evidence that cholesterol medications work very well in this........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:10:30 AM)
Can we cure type 2 diabetes with bariatric surgery?As the occurence rate of obesity-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus continues to increase worldwide, medical research indicates that surgery to reduce obesity can completely eliminate all manifestations of diabetes. As per a research findings reported in the March 2009 issue of The American Journal of Medicine, researchers analyzed 621 studies from 1990 to April of 2006, which showed that 78.1% of diabetic patients had complete resolution and........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:04:17 AM)
Modern lifestyle prevents tooth decayNew research has observed that modern lifestyle habits may play a bigger role than food alone, when it comes to tooth decay.
A review of the scientific evidence over the past 150 years observed that the effects of fluoride toothpaste, good oral hygiene and health education, may override the effects of food alone on tooth decay. The research is published online in a Supplement to the journal Obesity Reviews
Professor Monty Duggal, an........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 2/27/2009 6:25:24 AM)
Taking care of muscles in type 2 diabetesResearch by kinesiology investigator Dustin Hittel, PhD, has proven that muscle in extremely obese individuals produces large amounts of a protein called myostatin, which normally inhibits muscle growth suggesting that for Type 2 diabetics, and the very obese, the task of getting healthy appears to be more difficult than initially thought.
It has been known for some years that naturally occurring mutations in the gene which controls........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 2/27/2009 6:22:41 AM)
The obesity paradoxIt's called the obesity paradox. Although obese people are more apt to suffer from inflammatory diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, they are also more likely to survive a major attack caused by one of those conditions.
University of Illinois scientists Gregory Freund and Christina Sherry shed light on the reasons for this phenomenon in a study in this month's issue of Endocrinology
"Fat is a very complex and active........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 2/27/2009 6:03:22 AM)
Low-cal diets promote weight loss Heart-healthy diets that reduce calorie intakeregardless of differing proportions of fat, protein, or carbohydratecan help overweight and obese adults achieve and maintain weight loss, as per a research studyfunded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health, and published Feb., 26, 2009, in the New England Journal (NEJM)
Scientists from the Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 2/26/2009 6:30:22 AM)
How brain records memoriesIt appears to be possible to "read" a person's memories just by looking at brain activity, as per research carried out by Wellcome Trust scientists. In a study published recently in the journal Current Biology , they show that our memories are recorded in regular patterns, a finding which challenges current scientific thinking.
Demis Hassabis and Professor Eleanor Maguire at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL (University........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 3/12/2009 9:53:52 PM)
A new way to assess melanomaEvery tumor, starting from a size of a few millimeters, depends on a supply of nutrients and oxygen. Therefore, using special growth factors, it induces vascular wall cells of neighboring blood vessels to sprout new capillaries in order to get connected to the blood circulation.
This process called angiogenesis involves many different growth factors and their respective receptors on the vascular wall cells. The departments of Prof. Dr.........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 3/12/2009 9:51:17 PM)
Learning difficulties for extremely premature childrenChildren born extremely prematurely are at high risk of developing learning difficulties by the time they reach the age of 11.
A study carried out by the University of Warwick, in collaboration with University College London and the University of Nottingham, showed almost two thirds of children born extremely prematurely require additional support at school.
Extremely premature refers to children who are born below 26 weeks gestation.
........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 3/12/2009 12:24:22 AM)
Migraines, pregnancy and risk of strokeWomen who suffer migraines are at an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy as well as other vascular conditions such as heart disease, hypertension and blood clots, concludes a study published on bmj.com today.
Migraine headache occurs in up to 26% of women of childbearing age and around one third of women aged between 35 and 39. Eventhough it is very common in this age group, little is known about the prevalence of migraine during........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 3/10/2009 10:56:45 PM)
New breakthrough therapy for brain cancerThe combination of two drugs produces a critical improvement in the therapy of certain brain tumours. This has been demonstrated by scientists at Bonn University working in co-operation with German and Swiss colleagues in a current study. They treated 39 patients who had been diagnosed with a so-called gliablastoma. The patients survived on average 23 months; with the standard treatment the mean would have been 14.6 months. Glioblastomas are........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 3/6/2009 9:37:30 PM)
To get the full pictureDuring the course of a hospitalization, patients are seen by a variety of specialists in addition to the doctor who has primary responsibility for their care. However, faulty communication, inappropriate timing, inadequate details, illegibility, lost paperwork or other problems may keep the specialists' recommendations from being reviewed and implemented.
An award-winning study by Martin Were, M.D., of the Regenstrief Institute and his........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/6/2009 9:30:42 PM)
All in praise of turmericRevered in India as "holy powder," the marigold-colored spice known as turmeric has been used for centuries to treat wounds, infections and other health problems. In recent years, research into the healing powers of turmeric's main ingredient, curcumin, has burgeoned, as its astonishing array of antioxidant, anti-cancer, antibiotic, antiviral and other properties has been revealed.
Yet little has been known about exactly how curcumin works........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 3/6/2009 9:19:31 PM)
Depression increases risk for heart diseaseA history of major depression increases the risk of heart disease over and above any genetic risks common to depression and heart disease, as per scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the VA. The findings are reported this week at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society this week in Chicago.
The scientists analyzed data gathered from more than 1,200 male twins who served in the U.S. military........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:24:04 AM)
The blind mole rat and the fight against cancerIf someone ever calls you a "dirty rat," consider it a compliment. A new discovery published online in the FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) shows that cellular mechanisms used by the blind mole rat to survive the very low oxygen environment of its subterranean niche are the same as those that tumors use to thrive deep in our tissues. The net effect of this discovery is two hundred percent: first the blind mole rat can serve a "living........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:07:15 AM)
With age comes the ability to better regulate emotionsWith age comes the ability to better regulate emotions in order to not disrupt performance on a memory-intensive task, as per a research studyreported in the recent issue of the journal Psychology and Aging
The research study observed that regulating emotions such as reducing negative emotions or inhibiting unwanted thoughts is a resource-demanding process that disrupts the ability of young adults to simultaneously or subsequently perform........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 3/5/2009 6:04:36 AM)
Where's Waldo?With assistance from the classic book character Where's Waldo?, scientists at Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center have recently made a major advance in understanding how the brain searches for objects of interest.
Susana Martinez-Conde, PhD, and fellow scientists Jorge Otero-Millan, Xoana Troncoso, PhD, Stephen Macknik, PhD, and Ignacio Serrano-Pedraza, PhD, recently conducted a study asking participants........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 3/4/2009 6:24:03 AM)
Portrayals of alcohol in films and TV leads to more drinkingNew research has shown for the first time that portrayals of alcohol in films and TV advertisements have an immediate effect on the amount of alcohol that people drink.
The research, published online today (Wednesday 4 March) in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism , found that people who watched films and commercials in which alcohol drinking featured prominently immediately reached for a bottle of beer or wine and drank an average of 1.5........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/4/2009 6:14:33 AM)
Emotions hold sway over physical healthA researcher from the University of Kansas has spearheaded a new investigation into the link between emotions and health. The research proves that positive emotions are critical for upkeep of physical health for people worldwide, above all for those who are deeply impoverished.
The study, a joint undertaking between KU and Gallup, will be presented today at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society in Chicago.
"We've known........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 3/4/2009 6:09:30 AM)
TV viewing before the age of 2A longitudinal study of infants from birth to age 3 showed TV viewing before the age of 2 does not improve a child's language and visual motor skills, as per research conducted at Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School. The findings, reported in the recent issue of Pediatrics, reaffirm current guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) that recommend no television under the age of 2, and suggest that maternal,........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:13:56 AM)
Increasing prevalence of drug resistant InfluenzaInfluenza A viruses (H1N1 subtype) that are resistant to the drug oseltamivir circulated widely in the U.S. during the 2007-2008 influenza season, with an even higher prevalence of drug resistance during the current 2008-2009 influenza season, as per a research studyto be reported in the March 11 issue of JAMA, and being released early online because of its public health importance.
During the 2007-2008 influenza season, increased levels of........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:07:14 AM)
Schizophrenia linked to signaling problemsSchizophrenia could be caused by faulty signalling in the brain, as per new research published recently in the journal Molecular Psychiatry In the biggest study of its kind, researchers looking in detail at brain samples donated by people with the condition have identified 49 genes that work differently in the brains of schizophrenia patients in comparison to controls.
A number of of these genes are involved in controlling cell-to-cell........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 3/3/2009 6:02:19 AM)
Helping to mobilize MS patientsThe experimental drug fampridine (4-aminopyridine) improves walking ability in some individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). That is the conclusion of a multi-center Phase 3 clinical trial, the results of which were published recently in the journal The Lancet
"This study indicates that fampridine could represent an important new way to treat multiple sclerosis and perhaps become the first drug to improve certain symptoms of the disease,"........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 2/27/2009 6:28:01 AM)
How to treat post-burn itching?Mr. Mashburn, a worker at a paper-recycling plant, fell through a loose grate and into a sump pit in September 2008 as he was preparing to inspect a steam valve. Super hot condensate, at a temperature of at least 140 degrees Fahrenheit, enveloped his legs instantly, searing skin up to his thighs.
A co-worker was able to pull Mr. Mashburn out of the pit within 30 seconds, sparing him a worse fate, but he was left with first-, second- and........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 2/27/2009 6:20:25 AM)
Statins lower stroke severityMayo Clinic scientists have shown that patients who were taking statins before a stroke experienced better outcomes and recovery than patients who weren't on the drug even when their cholesterol levels were ideal. The finding is published in the current issue of the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
"We were trying to determine if the daily use of statins had more of an impact on stroke patients than simply lowering their........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 2/26/2009 11:15:01 PM)
Why teeth form in a single row?A system of opposing genetic forces determines why mammals develop a single row of teeth, while sharks sport several, as per a research studypublished recently in the journal Science When completely understood, the genetic program described in the study may help guide efforts to re-grow missing teeth and prevent cleft palate, one of the most common birth defects.
Gene expression is the process by which information stored in genes is........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 2/26/2009 11:11:48 PM)