Throwing motion in young baseball playersAdaptive changes occur in the arm bone and soft tissue of the shoulders of young athletes participating in youth baseball and help protect them against injury, as per new research released recently at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine at the Telus Convention Center (July 12-15).
Young baseball players who throw a lot maintain external shoulder rotation as they mature, says principal investigator........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 7/15/2007 9:24:03 PM)
Mechanism Behind FearScientists from MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory have uncovered a molecular mechanism that governs the formation of fears stemming from traumatic events. The work could lead to the first drug to treat the millions of adults who suffer each year from persistent, debilitating fears - including hundreds of soldiers returning from conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The team will report their results in the July 15 advance online........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/15/2007 9:15:02 PM)
Could targeted food taxes improve health?A daily pinta or a helping of dairy foods protect against the clustering of abnormal body chemistry known as the metabolic syndrome, suggests a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
The syndrome has been associated with an increased risk of diabetes, coronary artery disease, and premature death.
The findings are based on a representative sample of 2375 men aged between 45 and 59, all of whom were part of a long term........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/12/2007 5:54:25 AM)
When it comes to walking, it's all goodThese days, its easy for people to get confused about exercise -- how a number of minutes a day should they spend working out, for how long and at what exertion level" Conflicting facts and opinions abound, but one Mayo Clinic doctor says the bottom line is this: walking is good, whether the outcome measurement is blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, joint problems or mental health.
Getting out there and taking a walk is what........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/12/2007 5:49:24 AM)
Late nights may impact preteen behaviorA propensity for activities in the evening rather than in the morning may offer clues to behavioral problems in early adolescence, as per psychology experts who have observed that kids who prefer evenings are more likely to exhibit antisocial behavior, rule-breaking, and attention problems.
Results from the study further suggest that atypical secretions of the hormone cortisol and early puberty are both associated with antisocial behavior,........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:40:51 AM)
Nearly 90 percent of babies receive recommended newborn screening testsNearly 90 percent of all babies born in the United States more than double the percentage in 2005 live in states that require screening for at least 21 life-threatening disorders, as per the latest March of Dimes Newborn Screening Report Card.
The March of Dimes endorsed the 2004 report of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) that calls for every baby born in the U.S. to be screened for 29 genetic or functional disorders. If........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:22:21 AM)
No strong link between tomatoes and reduced cancer riskA U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review has found only limited evidence for an association between eating tomatoes and a decreased risk of certain cancers, as per an article published online July 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Several studies have reported an association between the consumption of tomatoes or lycopene, an antioxidant that gives tomatoes their red hue, and a decreased risk of some cancers,........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:16:58 AM)
New option for treating type 2 diabetesA review of prior studies indicates that use of a class of medications known as incretin-based treatment, which act via certain pathways that affect glucose metabolism may provide modest effectiveness and favorable weight change outcomes for the therapy of type 2 diabetes and may represent an alternative to other hypoglycemic therapies, as per an article in the July 11 issue of JAMA.
Current therapies for type 2 diabetes are often limited by........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/11/2007 4:59:24 AM)
New Risk Factors Discovered for Alzheimer's DiseaseA recent study in Journal of Neuroimaging suggests that cognitively normal adults exhibiting atrophy of their temporal lobe or damage to blood vessels in the brain are more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease. Elderly adults showing signs of both conditions were seven-times more likely to develop Alzheimer's than their peers.
"Alzheimer's disease, a highly debilitating and ultimately fatal neurological disease, is already linked to other........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/8/2007 10:33:56 PM)
obesity drug and new cancer treatmentsBased on their surprising discovery that an obesity drug can kill cancer cells, researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have made a new finding about the drugs effects and are working to design more potent cancer therapys.
Published online today in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, the study is the first to report how the drug orlistat (Xenical or Alli) binds and interacts with a protein found in tumor cells. The drug........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/8/2007 10:11:17 PM)
Genetic Risk Factor For Colorectal And Prostate CancerA study led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) has observed that one of seven genetic risk factors previously identified as increasing the probability of developing prostate cancer also increases the probability of developing colorectal cancer. As in the prior prostate cancer study, which was also conducted by USC scientists and reported in the April 2007 edition of Nature Genetics, the........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 7/8/2007 10:06:48 PM)
Simple Bladder Cancer TestUniversity of Florida scientists have identified a set of proteins that appear to signal the presence of bladder cancer, a discovery they hope will lead to a simple, fast and noninvasive test that can detect the disease early.
Working with colleagues at the University of Michigan, the researchers used advances in technology to isolate nearly 200 proteins from the urine of patients with and without bladder cancer. Several appear promising as........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/5/2007 9:34:48 PM)
Holograms make for better vision testsA new paper reported in the July 1 issue of OSA's Optics Letters shows that scientists in Australia have created a new one-step test that uses holograms to diagnose the astigmatic error of the human eye, a key measurement in determining the appropriate prescriptions for eye glasses in patients. This new technique adds to an earlier one, developed by the same researchers, for using a single hologram to measure another important property, the........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 7/5/2007 9:24:24 PM)
Paying attention to attentionEvery kid knows that moms have eyes in the back of their heads. We are adept at fixing our gaze on one object while independently directing attention to others. Salk Institute neurobiologists are beginning to tease apart the complex brain networks that enable humans and other higher mammals to achieve this feat.
As per a research findings reported in the July 5, 2007 issue of Neuron, the scientists report two classes of brain cells with........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/5/2007 8:52:46 PM)
The elderberry way to perfect skinForget expensive moisturisers and cosmetic surgery, a compound found in the humble elderberry could give a natural boost to skin.
In the first study of its kind, a team of scientists led by Prof Aedin Cassidy at the University of East Anglia and Dr Paul Kroon at the Institute of Food Research, will explore whether the skins condition is improved by a compound which gives berries their vibrant colour (called anthocyanin).
In a 12-week........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 7/3/2007 9:42:28 PM)
fireworks that spark seizuresBright light that flickers frequently or rapidly, like a strobe light, can trigger seizures in some people a phenomenon documented in nearly 700 children who were hospitalized in Japan 10 years ago after watching a Pokemon cartoon. The condition is much on the mind of a neurologist specializing in seizure disorders as the 4th of July holiday with all its fireworks approaches.
While Giuseppe Erba, M.D., is not aware of any instance where........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/3/2007 9:36:51 PM)
Most middle-school boys play violent video gamesA new study by scientists at the Massachusetts General Hospitals (MGH) Center for Mental Health and Media dispels some myths and uncovers some surprises about young teens and violent video and computer games. The study, reported in the recent issue of Journal of Adolescent Health, is the first to ask middle-school youth in detail about the video and computer games they play and to analyze how a number of of those titles are rated M (Mature ........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/2/2007 9:49:03 PM)
You can't make up for lost sleepWeve all experienced that occasional all-too-short night of sleep -- staying out too late at a party on a weeknight, studying into the wee hours for a morning exam or being kept up during the night with a sick child. Our bodies try to catch up by making us sleep more and/or more deeply the following night.
It is well established that following an acute period of sleep loss, the body responds this way in order to maintain a homeostatic........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/2/2007 11:41:16 AM)
Violence in schizophrenia patientsSome people with schizophrenia who become violent may do so for reasons uncorrelation to their current illness, as per a new study analyzing data from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials for Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE). CATIE was funded by the National Institutes of Healths National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The study was published online on June 30, 2007, in the journal Law and Human Behavior.
Most people with schizophrenia........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/2/2007 11:10:52 AM)
Natural signal holds promise for psoriasisThe body may hold a secret to normalizing skin cell growth that is over zealous in psoriasis and non-melanoma skin cancers and too slow in aging and sun-damaged skin, scientists say.
Phosphatidylglycerol, a natural body lipid or fat, appears to signal cells to normalize growth and maturation or differentiation. "When we apply it to skin cells, we see the normalization ability," says Dr. Wendy B. Bollag, cell physiologist at the Medical........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 6/29/2007 5:13:20 AM)
Mechanism To Emergence Of Deadly Strep BacteriaThe occurence rate of serious strep infections has risen dramatically in the last three decades, and this increase is largely attributed to the spread around the globe of a single strain of strep known as the invasive M1T1 clone. Scientists at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine and the University of Wollongong in Australia have discovered that, 30 years ago, a virus infected the strep bacteria creating a deadly........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 7/15/2007 9:18:37 PM)
The '2-week wait rule' is failing breast cancer patientsThe two week wait rule is failing patients with breast cancer and needs to be evaluated urgently say the authors of a seven year study examining the impact of the target, published recently on bmj.com.
At the end of the last century death rates from breast cancer in the UK were among the highest in Europe. Long waiting lists, resulting in delayed diagnosis and therapy, were believed to be partly responsible. In 1998 the Department of Health........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 7/12/2007 10:24:26 PM)
Tumor Blood Flow Can Improve ChemotherapyA therapy for neuroblastoma that lands a one-two punch works best when the second punch is timed to take maximum advantage of the first one, as per results of studies at St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital. Neuroblastoma is a pediatric solid tumor that arises from cells in the peripheral nervous system.
The finding holds promise for improving neuroblastoma therapy by using the drug bevacizumab to block VEGF, a protein that stimulates blood........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/12/2007 5:51:31 AM)
Up To 10 Percent Of Human Genome May Have Changed Very RecentlyA Cornell study of genome sequences in African-Americans, European-Americans and Chinese suggests that natural selection has caused as much as 10 percent of the human genome to change in some populations in the last 15,000 to 100,000 years, when people began migrating from Africa.
The study, reported in the June 1 issue of PLoS (Public Library of Science) Genetics, looked for areas where most members of a population showed the same genetic........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/12/2007 5:44:55 AM)
"America's Best Hospitals" Not AlwaysThe BestHeart attack patients admitted to hospitals ranked to be among "America's Best" by U.S. News & World Report are less likely to die within 30 days than those patients admitted to non-ranked hospitals, Yale School of Medicine scientists report in the July 9 Archives of Internal Medicine.
"The rankings, which include a number of of the nation's most prestigious hospitals, did identify a group of hospitals that was much more likely than........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:39:18 AM)
Early Warning Of Deep Belly FatMeasuring levels of a chemical found in blood offers the best indicator yet of the amount of fat surrounding abdominal organs, as per a new study of lean and obese individuals published in the recent issue of Cell Metabolism, a publication of Cell Press. The buildup of such visceral fat is of particular health concern as it has been associated with insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease risk.
The researchers, including........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:23:37 AM)
Prophylactic Antibiotic Treatment For Children With UTI Not EffectiveThe use of prophylactic antibiotics, which involves daily administration of antibiotics to children after an initial urinary tract infection, is not linked to reduced risk of recurrent urinary tract infections, but is linked to an increased risk of resistant infections, as per a research studyin the July 11 issue of JAMA.
Estimates of cumulative occurence rate of UTI in children younger than 6 years (3 percent - 7 percent in girls, 1 percent........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 7/11/2007 5:03:56 AM)
Western-style 'meat-sweet' Diet Increases Risk Of Breast CancerA new study finds that the more western the diet -- marked by red meat, starches and sweets -- the greater the risk for breast cancer among postmenopausal Chinese women. As per scientists who conducted the analysis at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, Harvard University, Shanghai Cancer Institute, and Vanderbilt University, the findings mark the first time a specific association between a western diet and breast cancer has been........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 7/10/2007 4:50:07 AM)
Risks, Benefits Of Folic Acid FortificationSince the institution of nationwide folic acid fortification of enriched grains in the mid 1990s, the number of infants born in the United States and Canada with neural tube defects has declined by 20 percent to 50 percent. Concurrent with the institution of fortification, however, the rate at which new cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed in men and women increased, report scientists at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition.
Research........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/10/2007 4:48:08 AM)
Cancer-fighting virus shows promiseA virus that has been specifically designed by researchers to be safe to normal tissue but deadly to cancer is showing early promise in a preliminary study, scientists said today at the ESMO Conference Lugano (ECLU), Switzerland.
The virus, called NV1020, is a type of herpes simplex virus modified so that it selectively replicates in virus cells, killing them in the process.
It doesnt replicate in normal, healthy cells, so our hope is........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/8/2007 10:18:23 PM)
A gene that protects from kidney diseaseScientists from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) and the University of Michigan have discovered a gene that protects us against a serious kidney disease. In the current online issue of Nature Genetics they report that mutations in the gene cause nephronopthisis (NPHP) in humans and mice. NPHP is a disease marked by kidney degeneration during childhood that leads to kidney failure requiring organ transplantation. The insights........Go to the Kidney watch blog (Added on 7/8/2007 10:09:47 PM)
Wives Have Greater Power In MarriageMen may still have more power in the workplace, but apparently women really are "the boss" at home. That's as per a new study by a team of Iowa State University researchers.
The study of 72 married couples from Iowa observed that wives, on average, exhibit greater situational power -- in the form of domineering and dominant behaviors -- than their husbands during problem-solving discussions, regardless of who raised the topic. All of the........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/5/2007 9:31:15 PM)
New heart disease risk scoreA new score for predicting the risk of heart disease gives a more accurate measure of how a number of UK adults are at risk of developing the disease and which adults are most likely to benefit from therapy.
The study published on bmj.com today, estimates that in the general population without pre-existing cardiovascular disease or diabetes, there are 3.2 million adults under the age of 75 in Britain at high risk of developing heart disease.........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 7/5/2007 9:18:44 PM)
Engineered Blood Vessels FunctionBlood vessels that have been tissue-engineered from bone marrow adult stem cells may in the future serve as a patient's own source of new blood vessels following a coronary bypass or other procedures that require vessel replacement, as per new research from the University at Buffalo Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering.
"Our results show that bone marrow is an excellent source of adult stem cells containing smooth muscle and........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/5/2007 9:06:54 PM)
protecting cancer patients against infertilityLyon, France: A promising new treatment for protecting the fertility of women with cancer and auto-immune diseases such as lupus was revealed at the 23rd annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology today (Tuesday 3 July 2007). Dr. Kate Stern, Research Director of the Royal Womens Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, told the conference that her pilot study had shown gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/3/2007 9:49:10 PM)
Fat kills cancerScientists in Slovakia have been able to derive mesenchymal stem cells from human adipose, or fat, tissue and engineer them into suicide genes that seek out and destroy tumors like tiny homing missiles. This gene treatment approach is a novel way to attack small tumor metastases that evade current detection techniques and therapys, the scientists conclude in the July 1 issue of Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/3/2007 5:01:25 AM)
More Swimmers Means More Pathogens in the WaterThe levels of potentially harmful waterborne microorganisms in rivers, lakes and other recreational waterways may be highest when the water is most crowded with swimmers. Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health completed two studies at the Hammerman beach area along Maryland's Gunpowder River that linked the number of swimmers using the water with the levels of microsporidian spores and the parasites Cryptosporidium........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 7/2/2007 10:02:20 PM)
Blood protein offers clues to heart attackWeve all wondered how a seemingly healthy person can actually be at high risk for heart disease or a heart attack. Now scientists have uncovered a new clue to this mystery. The culprit: myeloperoxidase (MPO), a protein secreted by white blood cells that both signals inflammation and releases a bleach-like substance that damages the cardiovascular system.
Eventhough MPO is intended to kill harmful bacteria, it may instead inflame the bodys........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 7/2/2007 9:45:44 PM)
Interferon Treatment For Hepatitis CA new study on predicting outcomes of standard therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection observed that many factors impacted responses, including the form of the interferon given. However, for some genotypes of the disease, few of these factors play a role.
The results of this study appear in the July 2007 issue of Hepatology, the official journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD). Published by John........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 7/2/2007 10:01:36 AM)
IVF embryos are more likely to develop into twinsLyon, France: Evidence gathered from time-lapse recordings of the formation of early embryos (blastocysts) in the laboratory has revealed why embryos created via IVF and undergoing extended culture are more likely to develop into twins than those created via natural conception. Furthermore, the research has shown that the culture in which the IVF embryos are formed is possibly responsible for the embryos dividing into twins.
Dianna Payne, a........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 7/2/2007 9:23:26 AM)