Children with frequent ear infectionsEar infections are one of the most common health problems for children, with most kids experiencing at least one by their third birthday. Annual costs in the United States alone are in the billions of dollars.
When these infections are left untreated, complications can include hearing loss, speech problems and more severe infections that can spread to bone and brain, causing meningitis. But not all kids have the same access to medical........Go to the ENT news blog (Added on 10/26/2010 8:02:19 AM)
Helping combat obesity epidemicIn an insightful Commentary in the recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Linda Van Horn, PhD, RD, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal, Chair of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, and Professor and Associate Dean, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, highlights the key features and noteworthy findings of the 2010 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) Report. While a number of of the........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/26/2010 7:58:39 AM)
Parent-only treatment for obese childrenA study led by a researcher at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine indicates that parent-only therapys for childhood obesity work equally as well as plans that include parents and child, while at the same time more cost effective and potentially easier for families.
The results were published recently in the advanced online edition of the journal Obesity
Kerri N. Boutelle, PhD, associate professor of pediatrics and........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/22/2010 7:58:44 AM)
Influenza's structure for future drug targetingBeating the flu has always been tough, but it has gotten even more difficult in recent years. Two of the four antiviral drugs used to treat a nasty case of the influenza A virus no longer work.
Fortunately, researchers at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and Institute of Molecular Biophysics at Florida State University and scientists at Brigham Young University in Utah are close to understanding why these drugs have become less........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 10/22/2010 7:45:09 AM)
First implanted device to treat balance disorderA University of Washington Medical Center patient on Thursday, Oct. 21, will be the world's first recipient of a device that aims to quell the disabling vertigo linked to Meniere's disease.
The UW Medicine clinicians who developed the implantable device hope that success in a 10-person surgical trial of Meniere's patients will lead to exploration of its usefulness against other common balance disorders that torment millions of people........Go to the ENT news blog (Added on 10/21/2010 8:06:59 AM)
Osteoporosis drug builds boneA drug marketed to grow bone in osteoporosis patients also works to heal bone wounds in gum disease patients, a University of Michigan study suggests.
"This new approach for the therapy of periodontal disease could allow us to rebuild some of the bone that is lost due to periodontal disease, which until this point has been very difficult to achieve," said Jill Bashutski, clinical assistant professor at the U-M School of Dentistry and first........Go to the Health news blog (Added on 10/20/2010 7:45:19 AM)
World's first completely robotic surgeryIn a world first, a completely robotic surgery and anesthesia has been performed at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). The DaVinci surgical robot, which lets surgeons work from remote locations, was put to work this summer, whereas the anesthesia robot, nicknamed McSleepy, has been providing automated anesthesia since 2008. The two combined to perform the first all-robotic surgery on a prostatectomy patient at the Montreal General........Go to the Health news blog (Added on 10/20/2010 7:12:01 AM)
Link between obesity and memoryBecause of impairments in their insulin sensitivity, obese individuals demonstrate different brain responses than their normal-weight peers while completing a challenging cognitive task, as per new research by psychology experts at The University of Texas at Austin.
The results provide further evidence that a healthy lifestyle at midlife could lead to a higher quality of life later on, particularly as new drugs and therapys allow people to........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/20/2010 7:08:44 AM)
Alcohol during pregnancyScientific data continue to indicate that higher intake of alcohol during pregnancy adversely affects the fetus, and could lead to very severe developmental or other problems in the child. However, most recent publications show little or no effects of occasional or light drinking by the mother during pregnancy. The studies also demonstrate how socio-economic, education, and other lifestyle factors of the mother may have large effects on the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:51:13 AM)
Adverse life events can make us strongerWe've all heard the adage that whatever doesn't kill us makes us stronger, but until now the preponderance of scientific evidence has offered little support for it.
However, a new national multi-year longitudinal study of the effects of adverse life events on mental health has observed that adverse experiences do, in fact, appear to foster subsequent adaptability and resilience, with resulting advantages for mental health and well being.
........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:43:10 AM)
Key genetic trigger of depressionYale University scientists have found a gene that seems to be a key contributor to the onset of depression and is a promising target for a new class of antidepressants, they report Oct. 17 in the journal Nature Medicine
"This could be a primary cause, or at least a major contributing factor, to the signaling abnormalities that lead to depression," said Ronald S. Duman, professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at Yale and senior author of the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:26:49 AM)
Advances against preeclampsiaIn as a number of as 8 percent of pregnancies worldwide, women who seem fine for months develop preeclampsia, a serious complication causing symptoms including high blood pressure, severe swelling, and problems with placental development. The untreatable and unpredictable condition, with no known cause, often requires premature delivery and is sometimes fatal to both mother and fetus.
In a newly released study, scientists led by a team at........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/15/2010 7:01:23 AM)
Need a study break to refresh?It could happen to students cramming for exams, people working long hours or just about anyone burning the candle at both ends: Something tells you to take a break. Watch some TV. Have a candy bar. Goof off, tune out for a bit and come back to the task at hand when you're feeling better. After all, you're physically exhausted.
But a newly released study from Stanford psychology experts suggests the urge to refresh (or just procrastinate) is........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 10/15/2010 6:57:30 AM)
Celery, peppers may reduce age-related memory deficitsA diet rich in the plant compound luteolin reduces age-related inflammation in the brain and related memory deficits by directly inhibiting the release of inflammatory molecules in the brain, scientists report.
Luteolin (LOOT-ee-oh-lin) is found in a number of plants, including carrots, peppers, celery, olive oil, peppermint, rosemary and chamomile.
The newly released study, which examined the effects of dietary luteolin in a mouse model........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 10/14/2010 8:01:17 AM)
Yoga can counteract fibromyalgiaPORTLAND, Ore As per new research conducted at Oregon Health & Science University, yoga exercises may have the power to combat fibromyalgia a medical disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain. The research is being reported in the November 10 online edition of the journal Pain and will appear online Thursday, Oct. 14.
"Prior research suggests that the most successful therapy for fibromyalgia involves a combination of medications,........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 10/14/2010 7:27:23 AM)
Carotid stents vs endarterectomy surgeryFor patients with blockages in the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain, carotid artery stenting (a non-surgical therapy) may be linked to an increased risk of both short- and long-term adverse outcomes when compared with surgical therapy (carotid endarterectomy), as per a meta-analysis of previously published studies that was posted online today and will appear in the February 2011 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 10/12/2010 7:31:44 AM)
Insulin resistance and stroke riskInsulin resistance, a condition in which insulin produced by the body becomes less effective in reducing blood glucose levels, may be linked to an increased risk of stroke in individuals without diabetes, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Insulin resistance originates from several factors, including genetics, a sedentary lifestyle and obesity, as per background information in the........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 10/12/2010 7:30:27 AM)
Experimental vaccine against Alzheimer'sScientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have created an experimental vaccine against beta-amyloid, the small protein that forms plaques in the brain and is believed to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Compared with similar so-called DNA vaccines that the UT Southwestern scientists tested in an animal study, the new experimental vaccine stimulated more than 10 times as a number of antibodies that bind to and........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 10/11/2010 7:49:27 AM)
Cancer-linked epigenetic effects of smokingFor the first time, UK researchers have reported direct evidence that taking up smoking results in epigenetic changes linked to the development of cancer.
The results were reported at the 35th Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) in Milan, Italy.
The link between smoking and cancer has been established for decades, explained Dr Yuk Ting Ma from the Cancer Research UK Institute of Cancer Studies, Birmingham, who........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/11/2010 7:42:26 AM)
Investigational ovarian cancer drug shows promiseA drug being developed as a therapy for ovary cancer has shown single agent activity with durable disease control in some patients in a Phase-II clinical trial, an international research group has reported.
Dr Ursula Matulonis from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in the USA reported the results of the single-agent trial of the drug, called MLN8237, in a poster at the 35th Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO).
MLN8237........Go to the Ovarian cancer blog (Added on 10/11/2010 7:41:15 AM)
Listeria clever at finding its way into bloodstreamPathogenic listeria tricks intestinal cells into helping it pass through those cells to make people ill, and, if that doesn't work, the bacteria simply goes around the cells, as per a Purdue University study.
Arun Bhunia, a professor of food science, and Kristin Burkholder, a former Purdue graduate student who is now a postdoctoral researcher in microbiology and immunology at the University of Michigan Medical School, observed that listeria,........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 10/26/2010 8:07:40 AM)
Cardiac wakeup call for Canadian kidsPoor sleep patterns and lack of proper sleep could be threatening thousands of Canadian adolescents with premature heart disease and stroke, warns Heart and Stroke Foundation researcher Dr. Brian McCrindle, a pediatric heart specialist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.
"Sleep disorders in kids are on the increase. They are marching hand in hand with other increasing cardiovascular risk factors such as overweight and obesity, lack........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 10/26/2010 8:00:09 AM)
Patient navigations improve mammography ratesA new research study conducted by Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) shows that patient navigation services significantly improve biennial mammography screening rates among inner city women. The results, published online in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, indicate the importance of patient navigation in reducing health disparities in vulnerable patient populations.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/22/2010 8:04:16 AM)
Boosting broccolis cancer-fighting powerUniversity of Illinois study has demonstrated for the first time that sulforaphane, the powerful cancer-fighting agent in broccoli, can be released from its parent compound by bacteria in the lower gut and absorbed into the body.
"This discovery raises the possibility that we will be able to enhance the activity of these bacteria in the colon, increasing broccoli's cancer-preventive power," said Elizabeth Jeffery, a U of I professor of human........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 10/22/2010 7:31:10 AM)
Conventional, annual Pap smear cost-effectiveA study of the options for reducing cancer incidence and mortality among women who have been treated for premalignant cervical lesions observed that an annual conventional Pap smear is a cost effective strategy.
Joy Melnikow, professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine and his colleagues tested several follow-up screening strategies for the 500,000 American women diagnosed and treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/21/2010 8:01:13 AM)
Virtual colonoscopy and teleradiology in rural areasComputed tomography colonography (CTC) otherwise known as virtual colonoscopy is feasible in remote health centers where optimal colonoscopy is limited, as per a research studyin the recent issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology (www.ajronline.org).
The study waccording toformed at Fort Defiance Indian Hospital in Fort Defiance, AZ, and Tuba City Regional Health Care Center in Tuba City, AZ, both of which are rural medical centers........Go to the Colon cancer news blog (Added on 10/21/2010 7:59:03 AM)
Vitamin D in preventing esophageal cancerIn a first-of-its-kind clinical trial, physicians at University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center who are Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine scientists are exploring the role of Vitamin D in preventing esophageal cancer. Principal Investigator Linda Cummings, MD, along with Amitabh Chak, MD, and Gregory Cooper, MD, from the UH Digestive Health Institute, is recruiting patients with Barrett's esophagus to measure the effects of........Go to the Esophageal cancer blog (Added on 10/20/2010 7:40:02 AM)
Cataract surgery saves livesCHICAGOCataract surgery not only improves vision and quality of life for older people, but is also apparently a way to reduce the number of car crashes. The research will be presented today's at the Scientific Program of the 2010 American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Middle East-Africa Council of Ophthalmology (MEACO) Joint Meeting. Cataract surgery not only improves vision and quality of life for older people, but is also apparently a way........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 10/19/2010 8:51:03 AM)
Bioelectrical signals turn cells cancerousBiologists at Tufts University School of Arts and Sciences have discovered that a change in membrane voltage in newly identified "instructor cells" can cause stem cells' descendants to trigger melanoma-like growth in pigment cells. The Tufts team also observed that this metastatic transformation is due to changes in serotonin transport. The discovery could aid in the prevention and therapy of diseases like cancer and vitiligo as well as birth........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 10/19/2010 8:50:16 AM)
Nonprofit weight loss program beats obesity In the battle against obesity, new research has observed that it may not be necessary to spend a lot on a weight loss program when cheaper, nonprofit alternatives may work just as well.
Scientists at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus found those who spent three years in the nonprofit Take Off Pounds Sensibly (TOPS) program lost five to seven percent of their body weight and kept it off.
"This is the first time a study of........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:59:37 AM)
Right foods aid memory and protect against diseaseFor the first time scientists have found out what effect multiple, rather than just single, foods with anti-inflammatory effects have on healthy individuals.
The results of a diet study show that bad cholesterol was reduced by 33 per cent, blood lipids by 14 per cent, blood pressure by 8 per cent and a risk marker for blood clots by 26 per cent. A marker of inflammation in the body was also greatly reduced, while memory and cognitive........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:45:11 AM)
Blood pressure, glaucoma links in migraineData on glaucoma risk in people with migraine and on innovative uses of mobile, digital technology are featured in today's Scientific Program, to be presented at the 2010 American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Middle East-Africa Council of Ophthalmology (MEACO) Joint Meeting. The AAO-MEACO meeting is in session October 16 through 19 at McCormick Place, Chicago. It is the largest, most comprehensive ophthalmic education conference in the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:32:57 AM)
Genetic test to predict early menopauseThe first research from the Breakthrough Generations Study could lead to a test to predict a woman's reproductive lifespan.
The findings, published recently in Human Molecular Genetics, could have considerable impact on women in the UK and other western countries, where a number of start having children at a later age. Early menopause affects one in 20 UK women.
The study from researchers at the University of Exeter Peninsula Medical........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/18/2010 7:25:36 AM)
Fats galore in human plasmaHuman blood is famously fraught with fats; now scientists have a specific idea of just how numerous and diverse these lipids actually are. A national research team, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has created the first "lipidome" of human plasma, identifying and quantifying almost 600 distinct fat species circulating in human blood.
"Everybody knows about blood lipids like cholesterol and........Go to the Heart news blog (Added on 10/15/2010 6:59:58 AM)
ver-the-counter weight-reducing products can cause harmThe desire for a quick-fix for obesity fuels a lucrative market in so-called natural remedies. But a study of medical records in Hong Kong revealed 66 cases where people were suspected to have been poisoned by a "natural" slimming treatment. In eight cases the people became severely ill, and in one case the person died. The study is published recently in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
The scientists looked at the ingredients in........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/14/2010 8:04:19 AM)
Watermelon lowers blood pressureNo matter how you slice it, watermelon has a lot going for it sweet, low calorie, high fiber, nutrient rich and now, there's more. Evidence from a pilot study led by food researchers at The Florida State University suggests that watermelon can be an effective natural weapon against prehypertension, a precursor to cardiovascular disease.
It is the first investigation of its kind in humans. FSU Assistant Professor Arturo Figueroa and........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/14/2010 7:30:28 AM)
Estrogen therapy and kidney stonesUse of estrogen treatment is linked to an increased risk of developing kidney stones in postmenopausal women, as per a report in the October 11 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
"Nephrolithiasis [kidney stones] is a common condition that affects 5 percent to 7 percent of postmenopausal women in the United States," as per background information in the article. "Because the process of kidney stone........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/12/2010 7:35:20 AM)
No heart benefits for folic acid supplementsUse of folic acid supplements appears to lower blood levels of the amino acid homocysteinetheorized to be a risk factor for heart and blood vessel diseasebut does not appear to be linked to reduced rates of cardiovascular events, cancer or death over a five-year period, as per a meta-analysis of previously published studies in the October 11 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
"Elevated plasma total........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 10/12/2010 7:32:54 AM)
New osteoporosis prevention guidelinesComprehensive new guidelines from the Osteoporosis Canada aimed at preventing fragility fractures in women and men over the age of 50 are published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal
"Fragility fractures, the consequence of osteoporosis, are responsible for excess mortality, morbidity, chronic pain, institutionalization and economic costs," writes Dr. Alexandra Papaioannou, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences with........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/12/2010 7:25:17 AM)
Weight-loss program for obese and overweight womenIn another article being released early online, Cheryl L. Rock, Ph.D., R.D., from Moores UCSD Cancer Center, La Jolla, Calif., and his colleagues, conducted a randomized controlled trial of weight loss and weight maintenance in 442 overweight or obese women (BMI, 25 40), ages 18 to 69, over a two year period with follow-up between November 2007 and April 2010.
The women were randomized into three intervention groups: in-person, center-based........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/11/2010 7:46:35 AM)