Preeclampsia and Fetal Development ProblemsNew research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ties low levels of a hormone secreted by the uterus and embryos to problems with pregnancy and fetal development.
The findings also suggest that the hormone, adrenomedullin, plays a key role in maternal susceptibility to preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication that occurs in the third trimester. Preeclampsia affects roughly one in fifteen pregnant women and is the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 9/18/2006 9:59:13 PM)
Link Between Kidney Cancer And Sunlight ExposureCloser to the equator you live, lower is your chances for kidney cancer. Using newly available data researchers have shown a clear association between deficiency in exposure to sunlight, specifically ultraviolet B (UVB), and kidney cancer.
UVB exposure triggers photosynthesis of vitamin D3 in the body. This form of vitamin D also is available through diet and supplements. Previous studies from this core research team have shown an association........Go to the Kidney watch blog (Added on 9/18/2006 9:51:19 PM)
A Mother Prompting Her Child To Eat And Obesity?The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly since the 1980s. A number of factors contribute to childhood obesity; however, parents are in a key position to help shape children's eating behaviors and eating environments. A study in the recent issue of The Journal of Pediatrics evaluates the role of mothers prompting their child to eat, the child's compliance with those prompts, and the potential contribution of each to the........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/18/2006 9:30:44 PM)
A Possible Treatment For Type 1 DiabetesA new vaccine being tested in a human clinical trial holds a great deal of promise for treating type 1 diabetes, a disease that newly afflicts 35,000 children each year. The research that established the foundation for this vaccine was conducted in UCLA research laboratories. The drug is still being tested and is not likely to be available for at least a few years.
"It's the only thing so far that really slows this disease down without........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 9/17/2006 10:33:07 PM)
Cancer Drug Against Muscular Dystrophy(La Jolla, CA September 17, 2006) -- Muscle weakness and fiber deterioration seen in muscular dystrophy can be countered by a class of drugs currently under study for their effects against cancer, a Burnham Institute study has observed.
The report shed light on the potential use of these drugs, called histone deacetylase inhibitors, in promoting regeneration and repair of dystrophic muscles, thereby countering the progression of the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/17/2006 10:06:03 PM)
Selecting Breast Cancer Patients For ChemoA test that measures the amounts of two members of the same protein family - one of which appears to act as an oncogene, and the other as a tumor suppressor - helps identify breast cancer patients who will likely benefit from chemotherapy and those who won't, as per researchers.
The test, known as OncoPlanTM, is already commercially available, and studies have shown that it can predict the aggressiveness of the patient's tumor and the........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 9/15/2006 2:13:08 PM)
Potential New Marker For Heart FailureA collaborative study by scientists from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the University Hospital of Maastricht, The Netherlands, has identified a new candidate biomarker for heart failure with the potential of further improving the challenging task of diagnosing and predicting outcomes for patients with symptoms of heart failure, primarily shortness of breath. In the September 19 Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 9/15/2006 1:33:12 PM)
Coordinating Complex ActivityWhile it is widely accepted that the output of nerve cells carries information between regions of the brain, it's a big mystery how widely separated regions of the cortex involving billions of cells are associated withgether to coordinate complex activity.
A new study by neuroresearchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and neurosurgeons and neurologists at UC San Francisco (UCSF) is beginning to answer that question.
"One of........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/14/2006 8:57:02 PM)
Existing vaccine facilities can handle flu pandemicThe most cost effective and quickest way to respond to a flu pandemic within the next five years is to use existing facilities to make vaccines from cell cultures, new research suggests.
In a study led by University of Michigan professor of chemical and biomedical engineering Henry Wang and doctoral student Lyle Lash, scientists examined the economics of producing egg versus cell culture vaccines in the event of a flu pandemic. They observed........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/14/2006 8:28:37 PM)
Predicting Spread Of Eye Cancer To LiverResearchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a method to predict whether melanoma of the eye will spread to the liver, where it quickly turns deadly. They also believe the molecular screening test may one day help determine the prognosis of patients with some types of skin melanoma.
J. William Harbour, M.D., the Paul A. Cibis Distinguished Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences and associate........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 9/14/2006 5:57:44 PM)
Transplant Cures Rat's Type 2 DiabetesAn approach proven to cure a rat model of type 1 or juvenile-onset diabetes also works in a rat model of type 2 or adult-onset diabetes, as per a new report from scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
"Finding that we can cure type 2 diabetes in the same way is very significant because in humans type 2 diabetes is almost 20 times more prevalent than type 1 diabetes," says senior author Marc R. Hammerman, M.D.,........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 5:02:55 AM)
Origin Of Deadly Fever OutbreakBats or other cave dwelling animals may have been responsible for the deadly 19982000 outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever among gold miners in the.
Democratic Republic of the Congo, as per an article in the Aug. 31, 2006, issue of the New.
England Journal of Medicine.
Daniel G. Bausch, associate professor of Tropical Medicine at Tulane University School.
of Public Health and Tropical Medicine and an international team of........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:43:27 PM)
Diabetics And Lower Limb AmputationsA number of people suffering foot and leg pain falsely attribute their aches to temporary discomfort or simply "growing old," when something far more serious and often preventable is frequently taking place.
People that neglect foot and leg pain especially the 20.8 million people in the U.S. with diabetes can be at risk for amputation. This neglect has contributed to a sharp rise in amputations, with the Centers for Disease Control........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:38:18 PM)
Dieting Female Athletes More Likely to Get Stress FracturesFemale college athletes on low-calorie diets could be putting themselves at risk for stress fractures, as per new Saint Louis University research published in this month's The American Journal of Sports Medicine.
Scientists studied risk factors for exercise-related leg pain, including stress fractures in women participating in four popular fall sports - cross-country running, field hockey, soccer and volleyball.
Women with "disordered........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:01:47 PM)
Added Benefit Of StatinsUC Davis scientists have shown that statins not only improve cholesterol levels, but also dramatically reduce disease-causing inflammation in patients with metabolic syndrome - a condition defined by symptoms that include abdominal obesity and high blood pressure.
The study, published online in the September 12 issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, offers new hope to the one in four Americans with metabolic syndrome........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 5:02:56 AM)
Exercise Reduces Colon-cancer RiskRegular, moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise significantly reduces a risk factor linked to the formation of colon polyps and colon cancer in men, as per a research studyled by scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. The findings, from the first randomized clinical trial to test the effect of exercise on colon-cancer biomarkers in colon tissue, appear in the recent issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.
"In........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:41:00 AM)
Fighting Diarrhea In KidsUniversity of Leicester researchers are heading a worldwide research project which could revolutionise the diagnosis and therapy of diarrhoea in children in developing countries.
The four-year project, the results of which are now being piloted in four hospitals in India, will offer a means of identifying the two most deadly forms of the disease quickly, cheaply and with little training necessary for practitioners.
The implications for........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:19:45 AM)
Vitamin D Cuts Pancreatic Cancer Risk By HalfConsumption of Vitamin D tablets was found to cut the risk of pancreas cancer nearly in half, as per a research studyled by scientists at Northwestern and Harvard universities.
The findings point to Vitamin D's potential to prevent the disease, and is one of the first known studies to use a large-scale epidemiological survey to examine the relationship between the nutrient and cancer of the pancreas. The study, led by Halcyon Skinner, Ph.D.,........Go to the Pancreatic cancer blog (Added on 9/12/2006 4:53:55 AM)
Direct-to-consumer Drug AdsTelevision ads for prescription drugs are everywhere, enticing people to ask their doctors for this drug or that one, but the effect this type of ad has on American healthcare may be more complicated than simply inducing patients to choose one brand or the other, as per a team of researchers.
"Up until 1997, manufacturers could not say both the product's name and what it was used for, in a TV ad," says Andrew N. Kleit, professor of energy........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/12/2006 4:50:52 AM)
An Artificial Cornea In SightIf eyes are "the windows of the soul," corneas are the panes in those windows. They shield the eye from dust and germs. They also act as the eye's outermost lens, contributing up to 75 percent of the eye's focusing power. On Sept. 11 in San Francisco at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, chemical engineer Curtis W. Frank will present a novel biomimetic material that's finding its way into artificial corneas. It's a hydrogel,........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 9/11/2006 10:20:09 PM)
Outpatient Thyroid Surgery Is SafeThyroid surgery can be performed safely as an outpatient procedure for most patients. These findings and conclusion are from a study that followed 91 patients at two hospitals.
"This is a logical benefit of doing less-invasive surgical techniques," says Dr. David Terris, chair of the Medical College of Georgia Department of Otolaryngology -Head and Neck Surgery. "Now patients are able to go home the same day they have surgery".
With........Go to the Health news blog (Added on 9/19/2006 9:37:24 PM)
CAM For Insomnia Or Trouble SleepingA new study reveals that over 1.6 million American adults use some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to treat insomnia or trouble sleeping* as per researchers at the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), part of the National Institutes of Health. The data came from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/18/2006 9:45:02 PM)
Want to lose weight? Be a SMART plannerOK. Recently you have made a decision to get some unwanted pounds from your body. And you have a plan and motivation to actually implement this brave idea. The first thing regarding this nice idea is to become a very SMART planner.
SMART is actually an acronym (short form) which means being Specific, Measured, Appropriate, Realistic, and Time-bound about your cherished goal. For example, imagine that your plan is focused on increasing........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/18/2006 4:49:53 AM)
Dieting and Alzheimer's disease A new study directed by Mount Sinai School of Medicine extends and strengthens the research that experimental dietary regimens might halt or even reverse symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The study entitled "Calorie Restriction Attenuates Alzheimer's Disease Type Brain Amyloidosis in Squirrel Monkeys" which has been accepted for publication and would be reported in the November 2006 issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, demonstrates........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/17/2006 10:24:53 PM)
Prozac Interferes With ReproductionScientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and North Carolina State University (NCSW) have demonstrated that a usually prescribed antidepressant can interfere with the reproductive cycle of freshwater mussels--at least in a controlled setting. The research, presented this week at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society*, was conducted to better understand the environmental impact of pharmaceuticals........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/17/2006 10:21:29 PM)
Behavior In Cancer Cells Signals MetastasisThe most aggressively cancerous cancer cells have a "toggle switch" that enables them to morph into highly mobile cells that invade other tissues and then nest comfortably in their new surroundings, a new study in rats suggests.
This picture of how cancer cells shift between two alternating states -- travelers and nesters -- represents a new understanding of how cancer metastasizes, or spreads to other parts of the body, said the Duke........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/15/2006 1:54:07 PM)
Genetic Susceptibility For Viral EncephalitisThe study is being published September 14 in Science X-Press, an advanced, online edition of the journal Science.
In the study, the scientists suggest that herpes simplex encephalitis may reflect a single gene immunodeficiency that confers susceptibility to herpes simplex virus, an idea that contrasts with the prevailing scientific theory of how genes work to make people vulnerable to infections. These new findings, the study added, may........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/15/2006 1:37:35 PM)
Detecting Breast Cancer MetastasisIn the U.S., a novel technology soon may be available to detect the spread, or metastasis, of breast cancer earlier than now possible, as per research presented at the first international meeting on Molecular Diagnostics in Cancer Therapeutic Development, organized by the American Association for Cancer Research.
Since secondary tumors, ignited by spreading cancerous cells, and not the primary breast cancer tumor, are the primary cause of........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 9/14/2006 9:02:11 PM)
Are the Dangers of Food Allergies in Children Exaggerated?Since I started writing this blog, I have encountered reports of increasing incidences of food allergies innumerable times. It is alarming and intriguing. Conversely, to some extent, it is comforting knowing that my son who had, and still has, many food allergies, is not an isolated case. There are a number of of us, and I believe in the strength of numbers.
But Dr. Allan Colver, a professor of community child health at the University of........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 9/14/2006 7:27:23 PM)
Tree Pollens and AllergiesEventhough ragweed is the main culprit for most hay fever cases in summer, some trees also contribute considerably to the pollen in the air. Here are some of the top "problem" trees for people with allergic rhinitis or pollen allergies:
Grey Alder: Cross-reactivity may also occur between this and birch or oak.
White Elm: A major source of pollen and is a favorite avenue tree in cities and parks.
Olive: There are 10 allergenic........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 9/14/2006 7:24:43 PM)
Anemia Body And The MindFor elderly adults, anemia's trademark loss of oxygen-toting red blood cells has long been associated with fatigue, muscle weakness and other physical ailments. Now scientists at Johns Hopkins have found a relationship between anemia and impaired thinking, too.
"Our work supports the notion that mild anemia may be an independent risk factor for so-called executive-function impairment in elderly adults," says Paulo Chaves, M.D., P.h.D., an........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/14/2006 4:58:09 AM)
Viruses Switch Grip To Gain Upper HandCarbohydrates can be attractive, particularly when they come packaged in candy bars or never-ending bowls of pasta.
Even viruses - those bits of occasionally harmful genetic material enclosed in shells of protein and fat - crave carbs. Except viruses aren't seeking a taste treat. They want to latch onto the carbohydrates that protrude from the surface of our cells and mount an invasion.
By changing which carbohydrates they attach to,........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:56:52 PM)
Depressive Symptoms In TeensThere has been much controversy in recent years regarding the connection between teenage suicide and the use of antidepressant drugs. At an FDA meeting reviewing this topic, the majority of clinical trials examined did not show that the drugs were effective in treating depression in children and adolescents.
In a recent study reported in the recent issue of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Dr. Richard Malone, from the Department of........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 9:34:39 PM)
Violence In The Home And Childhood BullyingChildren who were exposed to violence in the home engaged in higher levels of physical bullying than youngsters who were not witnesses to such behavior, as per a research studyby scientists from the University of Washington and Indiana University.
The study is one of the first in the United States to specifically examine the association between child exposure to intimate partner violence and involvement in bullying. It also is one of the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 5:06:01 AM)
Preventing Epileptic SeizuresScientists at MIT are in the process of developing a device that could detect and prevent epileptic seizures before they become debilitating.
Epilepsy affects about 50 million people worldwide, and while anticonvulsant medications can reduce the frequency of seizures, the drugs are ineffective for as a number of as one in three patients.
The new therapy builds on an existing therapy for epilepsy, the Cyberonics Inc. vagus nerve stimulator........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:52:58 AM)
Black-white IQ Gap Has NarrowedIn a paper would be reported in the October issure of the journal Psychological Science, William Dickens and James Flynn show that the gap in measured cognitive ability between blacks and whites has narrowed by at least a quarter since 1972. The scientists analyzed nationally representative samples of blacks and whites on four different tests of cognitive ability. On all four tests, blacks show large gains relative to whites with results........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:33:20 AM)
Children's Behavioral And Mental Health ProblemsLimited access to services for children and adolescents with behavioral problems or mental illness often leads to inadequate care and therapy based on insufficient scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness, concludes a report by the American Psychological Association (APA) released recently.
As per the report, a product of the APA Working Group on Psychotropic Medications for Children and Adolescents, gaps in the scientific knowledge........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/13/2006 4:25:30 AM)
Weight-loss Rate Doubles Before DementiaA long-term study of the elderly has revealed that their average rate of weight loss doubles in the year before symptoms of Alzheimer's-type dementia first become detectable. The finding may be useful to scientists seeking ways to detect and treat Alzheimer's before it causes irreversible brain damage.
The study is the first to confirm in precise detail a link between weight loss and dementia tentatively identified a decade ago. Scientists........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/12/2006 5:04:54 AM)
Allocating HIV drugs to South African citiesThe most effective way to control the AIDS pandemic in hard-hit South Africa would be to concentrate the allocation of scarce antiretroviral drugs in urban areas. This, however, would not be the most ethical approach, as per an innovative new study from the UCLA AIDS Institute.
The article is scheduled to be published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences online Early Edition (Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/11/2006 10:24:06 PM)
Wearing A Helmet Puts Cyclists At RiskDrivers pass closer when overtaking cyclists wearing helmets than when overtaking bare-headed cyclists, increasing the risk of a collision, the research has found.
Dr Ian Walker, a traffic psychology expert from the University of Bath, used a bicycle fitted with a computer and an ultrasonic distance sensor to record data from over 2,500 overtaking motorists in Salisbury and Bristol.
Dr Walker, who was struck by a bus and a truck in the........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/11/2006 10:12:54 PM)