Maternal exposure to folic acid antagonistsExposure to folic acid antagonists during pregnancy is linked to a higher risk of placenta-mediated adverse outcomes such as preeclampsia, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction or fetal death reports a retrospective cohort study published in CMAJ http://www.cmaj.ca/press/pg1263.pdf.
Folic acid antagonists include a broad range of drugs used to treat epilepsy, mood disorders, high blood pressure and infections. As approximately 50% of........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 12/1/2008 6:06:12 PM)
Exercise helps prevent age-related brain changesElderly adults who exercise regularly show increased cerebral blood flow and a greater number of small blood vessels in the brain, as per findings presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
The study, conducted at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Chapel Hill, is the first to compare brain scans of elderly adults who exercise to brain scans of those who do not.
"Our results show that........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 12/1/2008 5:55:45 PM)
Bariatric surgery may resolve liver diseaseObesity is a growing epidemic in the U.S. with a significant increase in prevalence from 15 percent to 32.9 percent from 1980 to 2004. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging problem correlation to the obesity epidemic, becoming one of the most common causes of liver disease in the nation.
Bariatric surgery has become a popular and effective method for rapid and permanent significant weight loss in morbidly obese individuals.........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 12/1/2008 5:50:25 PM)
Encouraged by drop in colorectal cancer deathsThe American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) heralds the recent news of a decline in U.S. cancer deaths and incidence rates, with colorectal cancer among the top three cancers with significant declines. ASGE, representing the specialists in colorectal cancer screening, is excited by the report showing that colorectal cancer deaths among men and women dropped 4.3 percent per year between 2002 and 2005. The incidence rate for........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 11/27/2008 5:21:38 AM)
Parents are the unsung heroesIt's a parents worst nightmare, a newborn baby going under the knife to repair a heart defect. If the baby survives, that's when the real work begins for parents. University of Alberta nursing professor Gwen Rempel has seen hundreds of babies on the brink as a former pediatric cardiology nurse; she wanted to find out just what parents go through.
"I'm not 100 per cent convinced that health-care professionals get what these parents are........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 11/27/2008 5:19:21 AM)
Pain is in the eyes of the beholderBy manipulating the appearance of a chronically achy hand, scientists have found they could increase or decrease the pain and swelling in patients moving their symptomatic limbs. The findingspublished in the November 25th issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publicationreveal a profound top-down effect of body image on body tissues, as per the researchers.
"The brain is capable of a number of wonderful things based on its perception of how........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/25/2008 10:34:01 PM)
Estrogen therapy could be dangerous for womenHormone treatment could accentuate certain pre-existing heart disease risk factors and a heart health evaluation should become the norm when considering estrogen replacement, new research suggests.
The research also showed that in women without existing atherosclerosis, hormone treatment use included some positive effects on lipids but also some negative effects correlation to heart health, said MaryFran Sowers, lead researcher and professor........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 11/25/2008 10:31:12 PM)
Link between obesity and bone mineral densityScientists at the University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Toronto, Canada, have discovered that adiponectin, a protein secreted from adipocytes, is a metabolic link that can explain, in part, the known positive relationship between obesity and both bone mineral density and reduced susceptibility to fractures. This study appears in the recent issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine Circulating adiponectin levels are significantly lower in........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/25/2008 9:47:02 PM)
Why women should eat less and move moreWeight and appetite experts from around the world met at a conference in Bangkok earlier this year to discuss sex differences in obesity. One line of discussion looked at factors leading to women's weight gain during menopause, and how it might be avoided.
Co-chairs of the conference, Dr Amanda Sainsbury-Salis from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research and Dr Jennifer Lovejoy from the University of Washington, Seattle have........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:53:34 PM)
Bittersweet milestonesFor a number of of the elderly, the golden years are anything but. Faced with health problems, financial issues and the death of a spouse or loved one, a number of adults 65 years and older suffer from depression. While research is emerging to help this group understand and treat the problem, another group - centenarians - has been left largely in the dark.
"Centenarians are still rare, and depression hasn't been studied thoroughly in this........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:43:53 PM)
Mammograms may detect some cancers that would have otherwise regressedBreast cancer rates increased significantly in four Norwegian counties after women there began undergoing mammography every two years, as per a report in the November 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Rates among regularly screened women remained higher than rates among women of the same age who were screened only once after six years, suggesting that some of the cancers detected by mammography may........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:42:03 PM)
Telephone counseling may be as effective as face-to-face counselingCHICAGO Face-to-face and telephone follow-up sessions appear to be more effective in the maintenance of weight loss for women from rural communities compared with weight loss education alone, as per a report in the November 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. In addition, telephone counseling appears to be just as effective as face-to-to face counseling for weight loss management.
"Rural counties in........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:39:06 PM)
Better cancer diagnosis, drugsA Florida State University College of Medicine research team led by Yanchang Wang has discovered an important new layer of regulation in the cell division cycle, which could lead to a greater understanding of the way cancer begins.
Wang, an assistant professor of biomedical sciences at the College of Medicine, said the findings will lead to an improved ability to diagnose cancer and could lead to the design of new drugs that kill cancer........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 11/21/2008 8:19:43 PM)
Fall babies: Born to wheeze?It is said that timing is everything, and that certainly appears to be true for autumn infants. Children who are born four months before the height of cold and flu season have a greater risk of developing childhood asthma than children born at any other time of year, as per new research.
The study analyzed the birth and medical records of more than 95,000 children and their mothers in Tennessee to determine whether date of birth in........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 11/21/2008 5:43:06 AM)
Ban on fast food TV advertisingA ban on fast food advertisements in the United States could reduce the number of overweight children by as much as 18 percent, as per a new study being published this month in the Journal of Law and Economics The study also reports that eliminating the tax deductibility linked to television advertising would result in a reduction of childhood obesity, though in smaller numbers.
The study was conducted by scientists from the National Bureau........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/19/2008 8:20:34 PM)
Primary care provides better outcomes at lower costA white paper, How is a Shortage of Primary Care Physicians Affecting the Quality and Cost of Medical Care?, released recently by the American College of Physicians (ACP) documents the value of primary care by reviewing 20 years of research. An annotated bibliography based on a literature review of more than 100 studies documents the evidence to support the critical importance of primary care in providing patients with better outcomes at lower........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/19/2008 8:05:56 PM)
Causes of bone loss in breast cancer survivorsOsteoporosis is a growing concern among breast cancer survivors and their doctors, because certain cancer drugs can cause bone loss.
But a new study has observed that cancer drugs aren't the only culprits. Among 64 patients with breast cancer referred to a bone health clinic, 78 percent had at least one other cause of bone loss, including vitamin D deficiency, excessive calcium excretion in urine and an overactive parathyroid gland.
........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 11/19/2008 6:14:36 PM)
Anorexia impairs adolescent bone developmentChildren and teenagers with even mild cases of anorexia exhibit abnormal bone structure, as per a new study appearing in the recent issue of Radiology and presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
"Adolescence is the most critical period for growth of bone mass, and the onset of anorexia interferes with that process," said Miriam A. Bredella, M.D., musculoskeletal radiologist at Massachusetts........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/18/2008 5:20:27 AM)
Exercise increases brain growth factorA new study confirms that exercise can reverse the age-related decline in the production of neural stem cells in the hippocampus of the mouse brain, and suggests that this happens because exercise restores a brain chemical which promotes the production and maturation of new stem cells.
Neural stem cells and progenitor cells differentiate into a variety of mature nerve cells which have different functions, a process called neurogenesis. There........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/18/2008 5:13:10 AM)
Antibiotics, your gut and youWe are always being told by marketers of healthy yogurts that the human gut contains a bustling community of different bacteria, both good and bad, and that this balance is vital to keeping you healthy. But if you target the disease-causing bacteria with medicine, what might be the collateral damage to their health-associated cousins that call the human body home?.
A new study by Les Dethlefsen et al, would be published this week in the........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 11/17/2008 10:18:43 PM)
Childhood vaccines cause financial burdenThe costs that health care providers are charged and reimbursed for childhood vaccines vary widely, and the high cost of some immunizations is leading to significant financial strain for some physicians, as per a pair of new studies from the University of Michigan Health System.
The findings suggest that a number of physicians appear to be paying too much and receiving too little reimbursement, but they can use this new data to help improve........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 12/1/2008 6:00:49 PM)
Curbing hormones' effects in obese patientsOnce-promising drugs that were abandoned in the fight against breast cancer still could be effective in obese patients, new research suggests.
In laboratory tests, hormones produced by fat cells stimulate breast cancer cells to migrate and invade surrounding tissues, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine found. A class of drugs called epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors could block the stimulatory effects of the........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 12/1/2008 5:54:31 PM)
Antibiotics: Single largest class of drugs causing liver injuryAntibiotics are the single largest class of agents that cause idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI), reports a new study in Gastroenterology, an official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute. DILI is the most common cause of death from acute liver failure and accounts for approximately 13 percent of cases of acute liver failure in the U.S. It is caused by a wide variety of prescription and........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 12/1/2008 5:52:25 PM)
New treatment eliminates heel painCombining an ultrasound-guided technique with steroid injection is 95 percent effective at relieving the common and painful foot problem called plantar fasciitis, as per a research studypresented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
"There is no widely accepted treatment or standard of care for patients when first-line therapys fail to relieve the pain of plantar fasciitis," said the study's lead........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 12/1/2008 5:47:51 PM)
Winter brings flu, summer brings bacterial infectionsIn the same way that winter is usually known to be the "flu season," a new study suggests that the dog days of summer may well be the "bacterial infection" season.
Scientists have discovered that serious infections caused by gram-negative bacteria can go up as much as 17 percent with every 10 degree increase in seasonal temperature. The findings, which were based on seven years of data from infections in a Baltimore hospital, suggest that........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 11/27/2008 5:17:28 AM)
Caring for ailing spouse may prolong your lifeOlder people who spent at least 14 hours a week taking care of a disabled spouse lived longer than others. That is the unexpected finding of a University of Michigan study forthcoming in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
The study supports earlier research showing that in terms of health and longevity, it really is better to give than to receive.
"These findings suggest that caregivers may........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/25/2008 10:32:49 PM)
Do you know you're having a stroke?A Mayo Clinic study shows a majority of stroke patients don't think they're having a stroke -- and as a result -- delay seeking therapy until their condition worsens. The findings are reported in the current issue of Emergency Medicine Journal at http://emj.bmj.com/.
Scientists studied 400 patients who were diagnosed at Mayo Clinic's emergency department with either acute ischemic stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a temporary........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/25/2008 9:51:00 PM)
Radiation Before Surgery Improves Pancreatic Cancer OutcomesPancreas cancer is one of the deadliest and most difficult to treat cancers. Now, in a major step forward, scientists at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center have shown that administering radiation treatment previous to surgery nearly doubles survival in pancreas cancer patients with operable tumors.
"Patients who received pre-surgical (neoadjuvant) radiation had almost double the overall survival compared with similar........Go to the Pancreatic cancer blog (Added on 11/25/2008 9:41:19 PM)
Disclosure of medication can save a patient's lifeDo you regularly take aspirin or antiplatelet medications? Do you know whether or not these drugs should be stopped before dental procedures or surgeries? As per a research studyreported in the May/recent issue of General Dentistry, the clinical, peer-evaluated journal of the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), stopping antiplatelet medications previous to a surgical procedure places a patient at greater risk of permanent disability or death.
........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/25/2008 9:37:20 PM)
Genomic signature of colon cancer may individualize treatmentScientists in the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy have developed a model for predicting risk of recurrence in early stage patients with colon cancer, and have used the model to also predict sensitivity to chemotherapy and targeted treatment regimens.
"These findings have important implications for individualizing treatment," said Katherine Garman, M.D., a gastroenterology fellow at Duke and lead investigator on the study. "By........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:46:24 PM)
High blood pressure in the doctor's office may not predict heart risksContinuously measuring blood pressure may help predict heart disease and related deaths among individuals with therapy-resistant hypertension, while blood pressure readings taken in a medical office do not appear to predict future heart risks, as per a report in November 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
About 10 percent to 30 percent of individuals with hypertension have a condition known as........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:40:37 PM)
Smoking, teens and their parentsA new study observed that adolescents were at the greatest risk of smoking when their parents began smoking at an early age and the parents' smoking quickly reached high levels and persisted over time.
The study, reported in the recent issue of Health Psychology, draws from the long-running Indiana University Smoking Survey and builds on prior research that suggests smoking behavior is influenced by both genetics and the environment.
........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/24/2008 9:30:11 PM)
Screening for colorectal cancer detects unrecognized diseaseScreening for colorectal cancer detects four out of ten cancers and should be carefully designed to be more effective, as per a research studypublished recently on bmj.com.
About one in 20 people in the UK develop bowel cancer during their lifetime. It is the third most common cancer in the UK and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in Europe and the US.
Prior screening trials have show that faecal occult blood testing can reduce........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 11/21/2008 5:46:41 AM)
How brain makes sense of natural scenesComputational neuroresearchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a computational model that provides insight into the function of the brain's visual cortex and the information processing that enables people to perceive contours and surfaces, and understand what they see in the world around them.
A type of visual neuron known as simple cells can detect lines, or edges, but the computation they perform is insufficient to make sense........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/19/2008 8:41:56 PM)
More Data On Key Genes In DiabetesOne of the most reliable indicators to predict that a person will develop type 2 diabetes is the presence of insulin resistance. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is the hormone responsible for ensuring that glucose reaches several tissues and organs in the body, such as muscles. Typically insulin resistance is characterized by the lack of tissue response to insulin and is counteracted by a greater production of insulin by the pancreas.........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 11/19/2008 8:24:44 PM)
Track your fitness with new cell phone applicationsPlanning on gobbling a few extra treats this holiday season? Soon, your cell phone may be able to help you maintain your exercise routine and keep the pounds off over winter months, without your having to lift a finger to keep track.
Scientists at the University of Washington and Intel have created two new cell phone applications, dubbed UbiFit and UbiGreen, to automatically track workouts and green transportation. The programs display........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/19/2008 7:36:44 PM)
Individualists more likely to be problem drinkersWhat makes residents of certain states or countries more likely to consume more alcohol? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, high levels of individualism lead to more problem drinking.
"We looked at the extent to which consumer levels of individualism (vs. collectivism) were related to their beer and problem alcohol consumption," write authors Yinlong Zhang and L.J. Shrum (both University of Texas-San Antonio).
........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/18/2008 5:37:21 AM)
Gene associated with epilepsyA University of Iowa-led international research team has found a new gene linked to the brain disorder epilepsy. While the PRICKLE1 gene mutation was specific to a rare form of epilepsy, the study results could help lead to new ideas for overall epilepsy therapy.
The findings, which involved nearly two dozen institutions from six different countries, appear in the Nov. 7 issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics
In epilepsy, nerve........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/18/2008 5:15:07 AM)
Asthma may be over-diagnosed by up to 30 percentA new research study suggests that asthma may be over-diagnosed by up to 30 per cent in Canadian adults. The study, led by Ottawa researcher Dr. Shawn Aaron, examined 496 people from eight Canadian cities who reported receiving a diagnosis of asthma from a physician. When the individuals were retested for asthma using the accepted clinical guidelines, it was observed that 30 per cent had no evidence of asthma. Two thirds of these individuals........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 11/17/2008 10:23:27 PM)
Why only some former smokers develop lung cancerCanadian scientists are trying to answer why some smokers develop lung cancer while others remain disease free, despite similar changes in lifestyle.
Results were presented at the American Association for Cancer Research's Seventh Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more people die from lung cancer than any other cancer type. In fact, as per........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 11/17/2008 10:22:07 PM)