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Autism: Women Carry the Disorder and Age is a Risk Factor

Autism: Women Carry the Disorder and Age is a Risk Factor
A new model for understanding how autism is acquired has been developed by a team of scientists led by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) and Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Autism is a developmental disorder, characterized by language impairments, social deficits, and repetitive behaviors. The scientists analyzed data on autism incidence and found a previously unrecognized pattern. The pattern can be explained by assuming that........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/25/2007 5:04:42 AM)

Latest drugs improve survival for metastatic breast cancer

Latest drugs improve survival for metastatic breast cancer
Newer drug therapies available since the 1990s, in particular aromatase inhibitors, improve the survival of women with metastatic breast cancer in the general population, as per a new study. Reported in the September 1, 2007 issue of CANCER, a peer-evaluated journal of the American Cancer Society, the study is the first to demonstrate that drugs made available to the general public in the 1990s have had a significant impact on population-based........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 7/23/2007 6:37:35 PM)

After Implant Of Cochlear Device

After Implant Of Cochlear Device
Cochlear implantselectronic devices inserted surgically in the ear to allow deaf people to hearmay restore normal auditory pathways in the brain even after a number of years of deafness. The results imply that the brain can reorganize sound processing centers or press into service latent ones based on sound stimulation. Jeanne Guiraud, PhD, and his colleagues at the University of Lyon, Edouard Herriot University Hospital, and Advanced........Go to the ENT news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 5:17:09 PM)

NSAIDs treatment can reduce colorectal cancer risk

NSAIDs treatment can reduce colorectal cancer risk
A study of Medicare patients with osteoarthritis provides additional evidence that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Earlier investigations of the drugs impact on tumor development could not rule out the possibility that an observed protective effect was caused by other preventive health care measures. The current study, led by a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) physician,........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 7/23/2007 5:11:37 PM)

Unintended Pregnancy Predicts Feelings That Parenting Is A Burden

Unintended Pregnancy Predicts Feelings That Parenting Is A Burden
The relationship between a mother and her infant is believed by a number of to be the foundation of healthy childhood development, but scientists at the University of Missouri-Columbia have found pregnancy acceptance to be the first step in forming the mother/child bond. Analyzing data collected from the national evaluation of the Early Head Start program, Jean Ispa, professor and co-chair of the Department of Human Development and Family........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 4:50:13 PM)

How Diet And Exercise Enhance Longevity

How Diet And Exercise Enhance Longevity
The traditional prescriptions for a healthy lifesensible diet, exercise and weight controlextend life by reducing signaling through a specific pathway in the brain, as per Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists who discovered the connection while studying long-lived mice. They said their findings underscore the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle and may also offer promising research directions for understanding and treating........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 7/19/2007 10:41:58 PM)

Self-injury in high-school students

Self-injury in high-school students
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury the deliberate, direct destruction of body tissue without conscious suicidal intent is a relatively common occurrence for adolescents in high school, a new study suggests. Led by scientists at The Miriam Hospital and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, nearly half of the teens studied endorsed some form of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in the past year, most frequently biting self, cutting/carving........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/19/2007 10:30:31 PM)

How Anaesthetics Work In The Brain

How Anaesthetics Work In The Brain
An important clue to how anaesthetics work on the human body has been provided by the discovery of a molecular feature common to both the human brain and the great pond snail nervous system, researchers say today. Scientists hope that the discovery of what makes a particular protein in the brain sensitive to anaesthetics could lead to the development of new anaesthetics with fewer side effects. The study focuses on a particular protein found........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/19/2007 10:25:01 PM)

Probing biology's dark matter

Probing biology's dark matter
A typical human mouth teems with as many as 700 different species of microbes. A handful of these have been specifically implicated in promoting gum disease, dental cavities, and bad breath, but for the most part, the make-up of this complex ecosystem and its impact on human health remain largely unexplored. A new device created by Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers, however, may make some of the most reclusive members of this........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 7/19/2007 9:41:11 PM)

Why Placebo Effect Varies From Person To Person

Why Placebo Effect Varies From Person To Person
Why do some people experience a placebo effect that makes them feel better when they receive a sham therapy they believe to be real while other people dont respond at all to the same thing, or even feel worse". A new study from the University of Michigan Health System may help explain why. Using two different types of brain scans, U-M scientists have observed that the extent to which a person responds to a placebo therapy is closely........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/18/2007 9:43:01 PM)

Very young babies vulnerable to sudden death

Very young babies vulnerable to sudden death
Very young babies are vulnerable to sudden death, when seated, warns a study published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Babies less than a month old are most at risk, the research indicates. The scientists base their findings on an analysis of all sudden unexpected deaths occurring among babies up to 12 months of age in the Canadian Province of Quebec between 1991 and 2000. In all, 534 babies died during this........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 7/18/2007 9:34:35 PM)

Novel Hydrogels For Repairing, Regenerating Human Tissue

Novel Hydrogels For Repairing, Regenerating Human Tissue
University of Delaware researchers have invented a novel biomaterial with surprising antibacterial properties that can be injected as a low-viscosity gel into a wound where it rigidifies nearly on contact--opening the door to the possibility of delivering a targeted payload of cells and antibiotics to repair the damaged tissue. Regenerating healthy tissue in a cancer-ridden liver, healing a biopsy site and providing wounded soldiers in........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/18/2007 7:31:58 PM)

Adult type 2 diabetes : exercise seems good

Adult type 2 diabetes : exercise seems good
There are no high quality data to assess how well dietary therapys for type 2 diabetes work in people who have just been told they have the disease, but there is evidence that taking on exercise seems to be one way of improving blood sugar levels, as per the findings of a Cochrane Systematic Review. Type 2 diabetes leaves a person at danger of having elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in their blood. This high sugar content then causes........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:44:56 PM)

Ability to listen to 2 things

Ability to listen to 2 things
Your ability to listen to a phone message in one ear while a friend is talking into your other earand comprehend what both are sayingis an important communication skill thats heavily influenced by your genes, say scientists of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), one of the National Institutes of Health. The finding, reported in the August 2007 issue of Human Genetics, may help scientists better........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:37:25 PM)

Hereditary Link To Premenstrual Depression

Hereditary Link To Premenstrual Depression
A specific genetic variation may be tied to an increased. risk for severe premenstrual depression, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the National Institute of Mental Health have found. Known medically as premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD, this. psychiatric condition affects roughly 8 percent of women in their. childbearing years. It's characterized by bouts of major depression and/or anxiety........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:24:34 PM)

Food-cancer Drug Interactions

Food-cancer Drug Interactions
Alexandria, Va. A commentary in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) urges scientists to explore an intriguing approach to reduce the dose, and therefore the cost, of oral targeted cancer therapies. The commentary, by Mark Ratain, MD and Ezra Cohen, MD of the University of Chicago, examines recent pharmacologic research which observed that taking the targeted treatment lapatinib (Tykerb) with food significantly increased the concentration........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:13:08 PM)

Lower mortality rates in quality hospitals

Lower mortality rates in quality hospitals
Boston, MA -- A new study from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) shows that patients who go to hospitals ranked higher as per specific quality measures have a lower chance of dying than patients treated at lower-ranked hospitals. The scientists calculate that if the lowest performing hospitals had similar patient mortality rates to those of top-performing hospitals, 2,200 fewer elderly Americans would die each year in the surveyed........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:25:42 PM)

Reanimating Paralyzed Faces

Reanimating Paralyzed Faces
A surgical technique known as temporalis tendon transfer, in conjunction with intense physical treatment before and after surgery, may help reanimate the features of those with facial paralysis, as per a report in the July/recent issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The rehabilitation of facial paralysis is one of the greatest challenges faced by reconstructive surgeons today, the authors write as........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:19:24 PM)

Chemical In Curry For Alzheimer's

Chemical In Curry For Alzheimer's
FINDINGS: Scientists isolated bisdemethoxycurcumin, the active ingredient of curcuminoids a natural substance found in turmeric root that may help boost the immune system in clearing amyloid beta, a peptide that forms the plaques found in Alzheimers disease. Using blood samples from Alzheimers disease patients, scientists observed that bisdemethoxycurcumin boosted immune cells called macrophages to clear amyloid beta. In addition,........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:15:46 PM)

Selenium Supplements And Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Selenium Supplements And Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Selenium, an antioxidant included in multivitamin tablets thought to have a possible protective effect against the development of type 2 diabetes, may actually increase the risk of developing the disease, an analysis by scientists at the University at Buffalo has shown. Results of a randomized clinical trial using 200 micrograms of selenium alone showed that 55 percent more cases of type 2 diabetes developed among participants randomized to........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/15/2007 9:32:55 PM)

 

Metabolic Defect In Liver That Can Lead To Obesity

Metabolic Defect In Liver That Can Lead To Obesity
Scientists at the Monell Chemical Senses Center have identified a genetically-transmitted metabolic defect that can lead to obesity in some individuals. The defect involves decreased production of liver enzymes needed to burn fat and may help to explain why some people become obese while others remain thin. The global obesity epidemic is believed to be caused in part by the increased availability and intake of high calorie foods rich in fat........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 7/25/2007 5:01:44 AM)

Hopelessness key component of mood disorder

Hopelessness key component of mood disorder
Theres depression, and then theres double depression. Sound bad" It is, as per Thomas Joiner, Florida State University Distinguished Research Professor and the Bright-Burton Professor of Psychology, who has identified hopelessness as a distinguishing feature of double depression in a new paper reported in the Journal of Affective Disorders. The finding could help therapists diagnose and treat the mood disorder. Double depression occurs........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 5:23:21 PM)

New joint replacement material

New joint replacement material
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) surgeons have performed the first total hip replacement using a joint socket lined with a novel material invented at the MGH. An advance over first-generation highly crosslinked polyethylene, which was also developed at MGH and significantly reduced a serious complication of early hip implants, the new material may be applied in replacements for a wider variety of joints in a more diverse group of patients.........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 5:22:01 PM)

Process For Allergen-free Peanuts

Process For Allergen-free Peanuts
An agricultural researcher at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University has developed a simple process to make allergen-free peanuts. The new process thought to bea first for food science could provide relief to millions of peanut allergy sufferers, and be an enormous boon to the entire peanut industry. Doug Speight of the N.C. A&T Office of Outreach and Technology Transfer said food companies are showing a strong interest........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 5:13:35 PM)

Smokers who see more ads for smoking-cessation products

Smokers who see more ads for smoking-cessation products
The more magazine ads smokers see for the nicotine patch and other quit-smoking aids, the more likely they are to try to quit smoking and be successful -- even without buying the products, finds a new Cornell study. "We believe that the reason may be that important 'spillover effects' from advertising may be occurring, which has important implications for advertising for a wide range of health products," said Alan Mathios, professor of........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/23/2007 4:45:42 PM)

New Method To Combat HIV

New Method To Combat HIV
Scientists at the University of Minnesotas Center for Drug Design have developed a new method to combat HIV/AIDS, potentially replacing the traditional cocktail drug approach. The new approach proven accurate in lab tests merges the features of two antiviral agents into one drug, achieving the same effect as when two or more drugs are taken separately. The cocktail approach most usually prescribed to HIV-infected patients is expensive and........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 7/23/2007 3:18:22 PM)

Genes Which Battle Hepatitis C

Genes Which Battle Hepatitis C
Joint research by Dr. Leonid Brodsky, of the Institute of Evolution of the University of Haifa, and Dr. Milton Taylor, of Indiana University, led to the discovery of a mathematical method which can identify which genes in our bodies conduct the battle against the various viruses that attack us. In their research, they identified 37 genes out of 22,000 possible genes which fight the hepatitis C virus. "When we know which genes are responsible........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 7/19/2007 10:35:00 PM)

Obesity a risk factor for multiple myeloma

Obesity a risk factor for multiple myeloma
An obese person is more likely than a lean person to develop multiple myeloma, as per scientists from Brigham and Womens Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard School of Public Health. Their findings indicate that Body Mass Index (BMI) a statistical measure that scales weight to height provides an indicator for ones risk of developing multiple myeloma, a cancer of the blood cells that produce antibodies. Multiple myeloma currently........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/19/2007 10:28:51 PM)

Medication That Helps Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

Medication That Helps Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
Scientists at the University of Minnesota have observed that a drug originally developed to fight tuberculosis may help people with obsessive-compulsive disorder make more progress in treatment sessions. Now they want to see if this drug could have a similar effect on people who want to quit smoking. The research, led by Matt Kushner, Ph.D., was reported in the online edition of Biological Psychiatry, and will appear in an upcoming print........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/19/2007 9:49:48 PM)

The end of barroom brawls

The end of barroom brawls
The link between alcohol and aggression is well known. Whats not so clear is just why drunks get belligerent. What is it about the brain-on-alcohol that makes fighting seem like a good idea" And do all intoxicated people get more aggressive" Or does it depend on the circumstances". University of Kentucky psychology expert Peter Giancola and his student Michelle Corman decided to explore these questions in the laboratory. One theory about........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/18/2007 9:37:24 PM)

Alcohol Related Visits To Emergency Care

Alcohol Related Visits To Emergency Care
Changes to the UK licensing laws have trebled the number of overnight visits to emergency care for alcohol related problems, reveals research in Emergency Medicine Journal. The new licensing law, which allows alcohol to be available around the clock, took effect in November 2005. The legislation was introduced in a bid to curb the amount of binge drinking and associated crime and disorder, and boost public safety. The study findings........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/18/2007 9:36:20 PM)

Nonsmall cell lung cancer: chemotherapy before surgery

Nonsmall cell lung cancer: chemotherapy before surgery
Combining pre-operative chemotherapy and surgery increases the average chance of survival at five years by approximately 6% compared with surgery alone. This conclusion was drawn by a team of Cochrane Scientists from the MRC Clinical Trials Unit in London after they identified 12 eligible randomised controlled trials. Data from seven of these trials were available from trial reports and were combined in a meta-analysis. The seven trials........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:52:35 PM)

Adult type 2 diabetes : exercise seems good

There are no high quality data to assess how well dietary therapys for type 2 diabetes work in people who have just been told they have the disease, but there is evidence that taking on exercise seems to be one way of improving blood sugar levels, as per the findings of a Cochrane Systematic Review. Type 2 diabetes leaves a person at danger of having elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in their blood. This high sugar content then causes........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:45:29 PM)

Vitamin C offers little protection against colds

Vitamin C offers little protection against colds
Unless you run marathons, you probably wont get much protection from common colds by taking a daily supplemental dose of vitamin C, as per an updated review of 30 studies. Conducted over several decades and including more than 11,000 people who took daily doses of at least 200 milligrams, the review also shows that vitamin C (ascorbic acid) does little to reduce the length or severity of a cold, as per the scientists at the Australian........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:42:58 PM)

Universal flu vaccine being tested

Universal flu vaccine being tested
Ghent, Belgium -- A universal influenza vaccine that has been pioneered by scientists from VIB and Ghent University is being tested for the first time on humans by the British-American biotech company Acambis. This vaccine is intended to provide protection against all A strains of the virus that causes human influenza, including pandemic strains. Flu Influenza is an acute infection of the bronchial tubes and is caused by the influenza........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:29:41 PM)

Flavonoids in Orange Juice Make It a Healthy Drink

Flavonoids in Orange Juice Make It a Healthy Drink
Orange juice, despite its high caloric load of sugars, appears to be a healthy food for diabetics due to its mother lode of flavonoids, a study by endocrinologists at the University at Buffalo has shown. The study appeared in the June 2007 issue of Diabetes Care. Flavonoids suppress destructive oxygen free radicals -- also known as reactive oxygen species, or ROS. An overabundance of free radicals can damage all components of the cell,........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 7/17/2007 10:09:29 PM)

Would you like fries with that?

Would you like fries with that?
Exploiting interactions between food and drugs could dramatically lower the rapidly rising costs of several anticancer drugs, and perhaps a number of other medications, two cancer-pharmacology specialists suggest in a commentary in the July 16, 2007, issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology. University of Chicago oncologists Mark Ratain, MD, and Ezra Cohen, MD, call attention to the flip side of recent studies showing how certain foods can........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:29:53 PM)

No Change InTaste After Tonsil Removal

No Change InTaste After Tonsil Removal
In a small study of patients undergoing tonsillectomy, or removal of the tonsils, none reported an ongoing dysfunction in their sense of taste following the procedure, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of OtolaryngologyHead & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Together with the sense of smell and nerve impulses in the mouth, the sense of taste contributes considerably to flavor perception during eating and........Go to the ENT news blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:17:06 PM)

Poor Sleep And Cognitive Decline

Poor Sleep And Cognitive Decline
Women who experienced cognitive decline over a 13 to 15 year period after age 65 were more likely to sleep poorly than women whose cognition did not decline, as per a research studyled by scientists at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC). The womens cognitive decline was linked to interrupted or fitful sleep. Total sleep time per night made no difference, says lead author Kristine Yaffe, MD, chief of geriatric psychiatry at SFVAMC........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/16/2007 10:13:11 PM)

Potential new target for cancer

Potential new target for cancer
By bypassing a well-known gene implicated in almost one-third of all cancers and instead focusing on the protein activated by the gene, Duke University Medical Center scientists believe they may have found a new target for anti-cancer drugs. In experiments with human cells and animal models, the scientists studied the gene known as Ras, which is integral in normal cell growth. When this gene is mutated and becomes overactive, it can lead to........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/15/2007 9:29:30 PM)

 

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Cancer terms:
Oncologist: Physician or surgeon who had specialized in the treatment of cancer. Medical oncologists usually treat patients with chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and biological therapy, radiation oncologists treat cancer with radiation therapy and surgical oncologists treat patients with surgery. See cancer terms for more cancer related terms.

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