About teenage drinkingAn African study has observed a link between a difficult childhood and alcohol consumption as a teenager. Scientists writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health studied the association between adverse childhood experiences and drunkenness among 9,189 adolescents aged 12-19 years living in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda.
Dr. Caroline Kabiru and a team of researcher from the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/6/2010 7:12:23 AM)
Advances in chemotherapy of ovarian patientsInvestigators at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) have discovered a way that may help ovary cancer patients who no longer respond to conventional chemotherapy.
A scientific paper that would be reported in the recent issue of the journal Gynecologic Oncology describes how the inhibition of a protein, CHEK1, appears to be an effective element to incorporate into therapies for women with ovary cancer.
The research led by........Go to the Ovarian cancer blog (Added on 7/6/2010 7:08:29 AM)
DNA mutation as cause of cancerWhat if we could understand why cancer develops? We know that certain risk factors, such as smoking or excessive sun exposure, can increase the chances of developing this terrible disease, but cancer can form in any tissue, and the cause is not always clear. One idea that has emerged is that for a cell to transform into a cancer cell it must suffer a large number of mutations affecting different genes needed to control cell growth. As per a........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/2/2010 7:23:45 AM)
Loss of key protein promotes aggressive form of leukemiaCold Spring Harbor, NY New research by researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has illuminated in fine detail one of the genetic paths that leads to a especially aggressive form of leukemia.
CSHL Professor Scott W. Lowe. Ph.D., an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, led a team of researchers who wanted to know more about how the absence of an important tumor-suppressing protein called p53 combines with another........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 7/2/2010 7:20:06 AM)
Increasing Fertility ThreefoldAs per the American Pregnancy Association, six million women a year deal with infertility. Now, a Tel Aviv University study is giving new hope to women who want to conceive - in the form of a pill they can find on their drugstore shelves right now.
Prof. Adrian Shulman of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine and the Meir Medical Center has found a statistical correlation between the over-the-counter vitamin supplement DHEA, used........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 7/2/2010 7:17:49 AM)
Risks and benefits of alcohol consumptionA discussion by renowned epidemiologist Kenneth Mukamal has recently been reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association, JAMA It provides a discussion in response to a theoretical question, - if you are a 42 year old male, should you drink alcohol ( in moderation) for your health? .
The paper provides an excellent discussion of a theoretical question about drinking and health. It focuses on the potential risks and benefits........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 6/30/2010 7:17:54 AM)
New non-surgical treatment for uterine fibroidsRome, Italy: A new, effective, non-surgical therapy for uterine fibroids can help women with this condition maintain their fertility, an American scientist told the 26th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Rome today (Wednesday). Dr. Alicia Armstrong, Chief, Gynecologic Services, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Programme in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Bethesda, Maryland, said that the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/30/2010 6:37:50 AM)
A Pacemaker for Your BrainBy stimulating certain areas of the brain, researchers can alleviate the effects of disorders such as depression or Parkinson's disease. That's the good news. But because controlling that stimulation currently lacks precision, over-stimulation is a serious concern - losing some of its therapeutic benefits for the patient over time.
Now a Tel Aviv University team, part of a European consortium, is delving deep into human behavior,........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 6/29/2010 7:25:24 AM)
Lower back pain and surgeryA literature review, led by Dr. Joseph Lee, reported in the June 2010 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS) suggests that a herniated disk is one of the most frequent causes of low back and leg pain in adults, but surgery is not for everyone. Between 60 and 80 percent of people will experience low back pain at some point in their lives.
Disks, which are strong shock absorbers between the vertebrae,........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 6/29/2010 7:21:06 AM)
Drinking alcohol during pregnancyMothers who drink alcohol while they are pregnant appears to be damaging the fertility of their future sons, as per new research to be presented at the 26th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Rome today (Tuesday 29 June).
Doctors in Denmark observed that if mothers had drunk 4.5 or more drinks a week while pregnant, then the sperm concentration of their sons, measured about 20 years later, was a........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/29/2010 7:11:51 AM)
Intervention lowered obesity rateAn intervention in middle schools lowered the obesity rate in students at highest risk for type 2 diabetes, those who started out overweight or obese in sixth grade, an NIH-funded study has observed. However, schools that implemented the program did not differ from comparison schools in the study's primary outcomethe prevalence of overweight and obesity combinedwhich had declined 4 percent in both groups of schools by the end of the three-year........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 6/28/2010 7:40:53 AM)
Gestational diabetes serotonin and dietary proteinThe cause of diabetes during pregnancy is directly controlled by serotonin, a chemical produced by the body and normally known as a neurotransmitter, and is influenced by the amount of protein in the mother's diet early in pregnancy, as per new findings of an international team led by scientists at UCSF.
The surprise discovery could lead to simple dietary solutions and possible therapeutics for the disorder known as gestational diabetes,........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/28/2010 7:39:55 AM)
Statins may lower cancer recurrenceMen who use statins to lower their cholesterol are 30 percent less likely to see their prostate cancer come back after surgery in comparison to men who do not use the drugs, as per scientists at Duke University Medical Center. Scientists also observed that higher doses of the drugs were linked to lower risk of recurrence.
The findings appear in the journal CANCER.
"The findings add another layer of evidence suggesting that statins may........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 6/28/2010 7:36:59 AM)
Teens and alcohol studyParents appears to be surprised, even disappointed, to find out they don't influence whether their teen tries alcohol.
But now for some good news: Parenting style strongly and directly affects teens when it comes to heavy drinking - defined as having five or more drinks in a row - as per a new Brigham Young University study.
The scientists surveyed nearly 5,000 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 19 about their drinking habits and........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 11:14:16 PM)
Polarized arguments about breast screeningPolarised arguments about the benefits and harms of breast screening are not helping women to make an informed decision, argues a senior doctor on bmj.com today.
Klim McPherson, Professor of Public Health Epidemiology at the University of Oxford looks at the evidence and calls for dispassionate analysis of all available data.
The burden of breast cancer is unremitting and we must do anything we can to contain it, he says. But screening........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 6/24/2010 11:01:15 PM)
Addiction: a loss of plasticity of the brain?Why is it that only some drug users become addicts? This is the question that has been addressed by the teams of Pier Vincenzo Piazza and Olivier Manzoni, at the Neurocentre Magendie in Bordeaux (Inserm unit 862). These scientists have just discovered that the transition to addiction could result from a persistent impairment of synaptic plasticity in a key structure of the brain. This is the first demonstration that a correlation exists between........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:52:37 PM)
Hepatitis B virus and liver cancerPrior studies have shown that antiviral therapy reduces the occurence rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). But now, scientists from the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Thomas Jefferson University are reporting that the antiviral treatment also prevents recurrence of HCC and extends patients' lives.
The standard of care for patients with HCC is local ablation of the tumor, unless it........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:29:38 PM)
Gene Therapy A Step CloserEUREKA project E! 3371 Gene Transfer Agents has made great advances in the development of novel non-viral carriers able to introduce genetic material into the target cells. These new agents, derivatives of cationic amphiphilic 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP), avoid the problems of the recipient's immune system reacting against a viral carrier. The project partners have developed methods to produce them in large amounts, which solves another of........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:23:32 PM)
REM sleep deprivation and migraineReporting at the American Headache Society's 52nd Annual Scientific Meeting in Los Angeles this week, new research shows that sleep deprivation leads to changes in the levels of key proteins that facilitate events involved in the underlying pathology of migraine.
Paul L. Dunham, Ph.D. and his team at Missouri State University's Center for Biomedical & Life Sciences sought to understand the mechanisms by which sleep disturbance increases........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 6/23/2010 7:23:21 AM)
Therapeutic potential of embryonic stem cellsThe therapeutic potential of embryonic stem cells has been an intense focus of study and discussion in biomedical research and has resulted in technologies to produce human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). Derived by epigenetic reprogramming of human fibroblasts, these hiPSCs are believed to be almost identical to human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and provide great promise for patient-tailored regenerative medicine therapies. ........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 6/21/2010 7:18:10 AM)
Revolutionary therapy slows advanced breast cancerA novel treatment designed to attack tumors in patients with a genetic mutation in either BRCA1 or BRCA2, slowed tumor growth in 85 percent of advanced patients with breast cancer treated in a small study, scientists report in the July 6 issue of the Lancet
"That is really an enormous response rate in a population of patients who have received a median of three previous therapies," says co-author of study Susan M. Domchek, MD, associate........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 7/6/2010 7:15:47 AM)
Virtual food in eating disordersFood presented in a virtual reality (VR) environment causes the same emotional responses as real food. Scientists writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Annals of General Psychiatry compared the responses of people with anorexia and bulimia, and a control group, to the virtual and real-life snacks, suggesting that virtual food can be used for the assessment and therapy of eating disorders.
Alessandra Gorini from the Istituto........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/6/2010 7:11:10 AM)
Music for stroke rehabilitationMusic treatment provided by trained music therapists may help to improve movement in stroke patients, as per a new Cochrane Systematic Review. A few small trials also suggest a wider role for music in recovery from brain injury.
More than 20 million people suffer strokes each year. A number of patients acquire brain injuries that affect their movement and language abilities, which results in significant loss of quality of life. Music........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/6/2010 7:06:40 AM)
Brain atrophy responsible for depression in MSAdding to all that ails people managing their multiple sclerosis is depression ― for which MS sufferers have a lifetime risk as high as 50 percent.
Yet despite its prevalence, the cause of this depression is not understood. It's not correlation to how severe one's MS is, and it can occur at any stage of the disease. That suggests it is not simply a psychological reaction that comes from dealing with the burden of a serious neurologic........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/2/2010 7:18:43 AM)
A good night's sleep will help you rememberWhen it comes to executing items on tomorrow's to-do list, it's best to think it over, then "sleep on it," say psychology experts at Washington University in St. Louis.
People who sleep after processing and storing a memory carry out their intentions much better than people who try to execute their plan before getting to sleep. The scientists have shown that sleep enhances our ability to remember to do something in the future, a skill known........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 7/1/2010 7:07:53 AM)
Can money buy happiness?A worldwide survey of more than 136,000 people in 132 countries included questions about happiness and income, and the results reveal that while life satisfaction commonly rises with income, positive feelings don't necessarily follow, scientists report.
The findings, from an analysis of data gathered in the first Gallup World Poll, appear this month in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
"The public always wonders: Does money........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 7/1/2010 6:59:09 AM)
Turning Back the Cellular ClockCell reprogramming calls The Curious Case of Benjamin Button to mind.
It's a new technology that uses molecular treatment to coax adult cells to revert to an embryonic stem cell-like state, allowing researchers to later re-differentiate these cells into specific types with the potential to treat heart attacks or diseases such as Parkinson's. But at this point in the technology's development, only one percent of cells are successfully being........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 6/30/2010 7:08:38 AM)
Does in vitro maturation causes large babies?Rome, Italy: A review of studies of babies born after in vitro maturation (IVM) fertility therapy has suggested that they are more likely to be born larger than normal and to have more difficult births requiring more obstetric interventions such as caesareans.
Authors of the literature review to be presented to the 26th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Rome today (Wednesday) think that this........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/30/2010 6:36:48 AM)
Use public transport system to lose weightIncreasing the availability of public transit systems is one among many modifications to the built environment that offers opportunities for increasing physical activity and reducing the prevalence of obesity and its associated problems. As per a research findings reported in the recent issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, scientists from the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University and the RAND Corporation observed that........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 6/29/2010 7:19:27 AM)
Cheap, simple, noninvasive blood test for early pregnancyScientists in The Netherlands believe they are on the verge of developing a simple, prenatal blood test that would be able to detect accurately chromosomal abnormalities in the developing foetus. At present, the only reliable way to do this is through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling, both of which are invasive and carry the risk of triggering a miscarriage.
Dr Suzanna Frints, a clinical geneticist at Maastricht University Medical........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/29/2010 7:13:36 AM)
Can too much HDL be harmful?Elevated blood levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or "good" cholesterol, typically thought to protect against heart disease, may do the opposite in women with type 1 diabetes, as per a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health study being presented at the 70th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association.
The study, abstract number 0098-OR, included 658 men and women enrolled in the Pittsburgh Epidemiology........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 6/28/2010 7:46:50 AM)
MMRV vaccine associated with 2-fold risk of seizuresThe combination vaccine for measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox (MMRV) is linked to double the risk of febrile seizures for 1- to 2-year-old children compared with same-day administration of the separate vaccine for MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) and the varicella (V) vaccine for chicken pox, as per a Kaiser Permanente Division of Research study appearing online in the journal Pediatrics A febrile seizure is a brief, fever-related convulsion........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 6/28/2010 7:38:45 AM)
Moldy homes a serious risk for severe asthmaExposure to high levels of fungus may increase the risk of severe asthma attacks among people with certain chitinase gene variants, as per a research studyfrom Harvard Medical School, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital.
The research was published online on the American Thoracic Society's journal Web site ahead of the print edition of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
"We........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 11:18:10 PM)
Antihypertensive against Alzheimer's diseaseScientists at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have observed that the drug carvedilol, currently prescribed for the therapy of hypertension, may lessen the degenerative impact of Alzheimer's disease and promote healthy memory functions. The new findings appear in two studies in the current issues of Neurobiology of Aging and the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
"These studies are certainly very exciting, and suggest for the first time that........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 11:07:25 PM)
Treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinomaPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly cancerous digestive tumor with a very poor prognosis. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1α (HIF-1α) is involved in cancerous progression in a number of solid tumors, including PDAC, upregulation of HIF-1α accelerates PDAC progression, but the exact regulatory mechanisms of HIF-1αin PDAC has not been unequivocally addressed. Recently, an increasing number of studies........Go to the Pancreatic cancer blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:54:04 PM)
Breast milk transmits drugs and medicines to the babyThere is great confusion among the scientific community about whether women who are drug abusers should breast feed their babies. In order to shed some light on this issue, researchers from various Spanish hospitals and research centres are reviewing the methods used to detect substances in breast milk, their adverse effects, and the recommendations that mothers should follow in this month's issue of the journal Analytical and Bioanalytical........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:51:47 PM)
Aerobic exercise for rheumatoid arthritis patientsScientists from the University of Grenoble Medical School in France determined that cardio-respiratory aerobic exercise is safe for patients with stable rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The team observed that RA patients who exercised regularly had improved function, less joint pain, and greater quality of life. Full findings of the study are now available online and will publish in the July print issue of Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 6/24/2010 10:37:21 PM)
Exercise trumps creatine in cardiac rehabAthletes have been enjoying the benefits of creatine supplements to gain stronger muscles since the 1990s, and the supplement has also proven beneficial among other groups. Could it help cardiac patients regain strength to help with their heart-training workouts as part of rehabilitation? The evidence at this stage suggests not - exercise alone proved a far more powerful tonic for patients in a study out today. The results appear in the journal........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 6/23/2010 7:25:48 AM)
US ranks last among 7 countries on health system performanceDespite having the most expensive health care system, the United States ranks last overall in comparison to six other industrialized countriesAustralia, Canada, Gera number of, the Netherlands, New Zealand, and the United Kingdomon measures of health system performance in five areas: quality, efficiency, access to care, equity and the ability to lead long, healthy, productive lives, as per a new Commonwealth Fund report. While there is room for........Go to the Health news blog (Added on 6/23/2010 7:22:32 AM)
Reduce number of breast biopsiesBy combining two relatively inexpensive technologies based on sound and light waves, scientists hope to lower the rate at which women undergo breast biopsies for suspicious lesions. Results of the study on ultrasound-guided optical tomography are reported in the online edition and the August print issue of Radiology
"The goal of our study was to investigate the potential of diffuse optical tomography in the near infrared spectrum with........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 6/22/2010 7:11:30 AM)