Nighttime sleep beneficial to infants' skillsAt ages 1 and 1-1/2, children who get most of their sleep at night (as opposed to during the day) do better in a variety of skill areas than children who don't sleep as much at night.
That's the finding of a new longitudinal study conducted by scientists at the University of Montreal and the University of Minnesota. The research appears in the November/December 2010 issue of the journal Child Development
The study, of 60 Canadian children........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 11/16/2010 6:58:50 AM)
New low-cost method to deliver vaccineScientists have developed a promising new approach to vaccination for rotavirus, a common cause of severe diarrheal disease that is responsible for approximately 500,000 deaths among children in the developing world every year. As per a research findings reported in the recent issue of Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, a vaccine delivered as nasal drops effectively induced an immune response in mice and protected them from rotavirus infection.........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 11/16/2010 6:51:25 AM)
Alcohol damages much more than the liverAlcohol does much more harm to the body than just damaging the liver. Drinking also can weaken the immune system, slow healing, impair bone formation, increase the risk of HIV transmission and hinder recovery from burns, trauma, bleeding and surgery.
Scientists released the latest findings on such negative effects of alcohol during a meeting Nov. 19 of the Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group, held at Loyola University Medical........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/12/2010 7:38:46 AM)
Citywide smoking ban is effectiveNew research released recently takes a look at birth outcomes and maternal smoking, building urgency for more states and cities to join the nationwide smoke-free trend that has accelerated in recent years. As per the new data, strong smoke-free policies can improve fetal outcomes by significantly reducing the prevalence of maternal smoking.
The study, which was presented today at the American Public Health Association's 138th Annual Meeting........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/11/2010 8:00:53 AM)
Stress on Clinicians Can Be MeasuredIt's no surprise that being a doctor is a very stressful job and carries a lot of responsibility with it.
But two new studies from scientists at the University of Cincinnati indicate that the stressors arising from work in the clinic, where physicians are seeing patients one-on-one, can effectively be measured with hopes of improving patient care and doctor job satisfaction.
Ronnie Horner, PhD, and C. Jeff Jacobson, PhD, both scientists........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/11/2010 7:38:22 AM)
Pleasurable Behaviors Reduce StressWhether it's food or sex, pleasurable activity provides more than just pleasure, University of Cincinnati (UC) scientists say. It actually reduces stress by inhibiting anxiety responses in the brain.
The findings were published online Nov. 8, 2010, ahead of print in PNAS, the official journal of the National Academy of Sciences.
Experiments designed by Yvonne Ulrich-Lai, PhD, research assistant professor, James Herman, PhD, director of........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/11/2010 7:12:39 AM)
Number Talk Is Important Before PreschoolThe amount of time parents spend talking about numbers has a much bigger impact on how young children learn mathematics than was previously known, scientists at the University of Chicago have found.
For example, children whose parents talked more about numbers were much more likely to understand the cardinal number principle--which states that the size of a set of objects is determined by the last number reached when counting the set (e.g.,........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 11/10/2010 7:35:55 AM)
Attacking the drinking culture on college campusesA multi-tiered effort designed to stem binge drinking at a large university and to change the drinking culture among its students produced notable results during the 2.5 years of an Indiana University study.
Freshmen living on campus showed significant drops in the average number of drinks consumed in a week; in the percentage who drank at least once a week in the last year; and in the proportion of students who engaged in binge drinking in........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/10/2010 7:24:35 AM)
Chefs can create reduced-calorie restaurant foodsRestaurants could play an important role in helping to reduce the growing obesity epidemic by creating reduced-calorie meals, as per Penn State researchers.
The scientists surveyed chefs, restaurant owners, and culinary executives from across the country to assess their perceptions of serving healthy foods in restaurants.
In the survey, 72 percent of the 432 respondents said they could trim off 10 percent of the calories in meals without........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/8/2010 7:56:11 AM)
Joint pain linked to breast cancer drugA newly released study suggests joint complaints attributed to aromatase inhibitors (AI), popular breast cancer drugs, are not linked to inflammatory arthritis or autoimmune disease. Because of that, scientists say women who were primarily concerned about the threat of arthritis should be encouraged to continue taking the medication. The findings of the study will be presented Tuesday, Nov. 9 at the 74th Annual Scientific Meeting of the........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 11/8/2010 7:52:21 AM)
Tai Chi relieves arthritis painIn the largest study to date of the Arthritis Foundation's Tai Chi program, participants showed improvement in pain, fatigue, stiffness and sense of well-being.
Their ability to reach while maintaining balance also improved, said Leigh Callahan, PhD, the study's main author, associate professor in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine and a member of UNC's Thurston Arthritis Research Center.
"Our study shows........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 11/8/2010 7:46:31 AM)
Hard work improves the taste of foodIt's usually accepted that we appreciate something more if we have to work hard to get it, and a Johns Hopkins University study bears that out, at least when it comes to food.
The study seems to suggest that hard work can even enhance our appreciation for fare we might not favor, such as the low-fat, low calorie variety. At least in theory, this means that if we had to navigate an obstacle course to get to a plate of baby carrots, we might........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 11/5/2010 7:53:30 AM)
Promise against severe side effectsA team of researchers has found a way to eliminate a debilitating side effect linked to one of the main chemotherapy drugs used for treating colon cancer. The strategy used in their preclinical researchinhibiting an enzyme in bacteria of the digestive tractcould allow patients to receive higher and more effective doses of the drug, known as CPT-11 or Irinotecan.
The study, spearheaded by researchers at the University of North Carolina at........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 11/5/2010 7:27:58 AM)
Hepatitis C cure rate improvesFor patients with the most common form of hepatitis C being treated for the first time, the addition of an investigational hepatitis Cspecific protease inhibitor called telaprevir to the current standard treatment markedly improved their sustained viral response (SVR or viral cure) rate.
The lead investigator reporting the results of the ADVANCE trial is Dr. Ira M. Jacobson, chief of the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 11/3/2010 7:37:02 AM)
Spice in curry could prevent liver damageCurcumin, a chemical that gives curry its zing, holds promise in preventing or treating liver damage from an advanced form of a condition known as fatty liver disease, new Saint Louis University research suggests.
Curcurmin is contained in turmeric, a plant used by the Chinese to make traditional medicines for thousands of years. SLU's recent study highlights its potential in countering an increasingly common kind of fatty liver disease........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 11/1/2010 7:38:51 AM)
Pregnant women who eat peanutsScientists have observed that allergic infants appears to be at increased risk of peanut allergy if their mothers ingested peanuts during pregnancy. The data are published in the November 1 issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Led by Scott H. Sicherer, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, scientists at five U.S. study sites reviewed 503 infants aged three to 15 months........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 11/1/2010 7:03:52 AM)
Benefit of breast-feedingPediatric scientists at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia describe a successful program in which nurses helped mothers attain high rates of breast-feeding in very sick babies--newborns with complex birth defects requiring surgery and intensive care.
A number of of these highly vulnerable newborns immediately experience a paradoxical situation. Their mother's milk helps to fend off infection and provides easily digestible, nutritious........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:29:28 AM)
Sex Differences in the Brain Are OverblownPeople love to speculate about differences between the sexes, and neuroscience has brought a new technology to this pastime. Brain imaging studies are published at a great rate, and some report sex differences in brain structure or patterns of neural activity. But we should be skeptical about reports of brain differences between the sexes, writes psychological scientist Cordelia Fine in Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:27:36 AM)
Missing out on sperm bankingA number of men whose fertility appears to be at risk from cancer therapy are not being offered the chance to store their sperm as per new research published recently in the Annals of Oncology (Thursday).
Guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) state that any men or adolescent boys who are receiving therapy that may leave them infertile should be offered the opportunity to store their sperm.
But........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:10:40 AM)
Smoked Salmon Safe to EatResearchers with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are helping ensure that the smoked salmon that's always a hit at festive gatherings also is always safe to eat, including among their achievements the development of a first-of-its-kind mathematical model that food processors and others can use to select the optimal combination of temperature and concentrations of salt and smoke compounds to reduce or eliminate microbial contamination........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/27/2010 6:57:19 AM)
Stereotyped views in preschoolersPreschool teachers can inadvertently pass on lessons in stereotypes to their students when they highlight gender differences, as per Penn State psychology experts.
A study has observed that when teachers call attention to gender, children are more likely to express stereotyped views of what activities are appropriate for boys and girls and which gender they prefer to play with, said Lynn Liben, Distinguished Professor of psychology, human........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/16/2010 6:53:26 AM)
Circuitry of fearNeurobiologists at the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research have identified, for the first time, clearly defined neural circuits responsible for the processing of fear states. These findings could ultimately help people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety disorders. The scientists' results have been reported in the latest issue of Nature.
Fear arises in the almond-shaped brain structure known as the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/12/2010 7:47:13 AM)
Yoga's ability to improve mood and lessen anxietyNew Rochelle, NY, November 11, 2010Yoga has a greater positive effect on a person's mood and anxiety level than walking and other forms of exercise, which appears to be due to higher levels of the brain chemical GABA as per an article in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, a peer-evaluated journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. The article is available free online.
Yoga has been shown to increase the level of........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/12/2010 7:08:54 AM)
Needs of Rural-Dwelling ElderlyA novel project set in a rural community near Rochester, N.Y., to screen elderly people for unmet needs showed that, indeed, there is a great opportunity to match elderly adults with professional assistance.
The University of Rochester Medical Center, Livingston County Department of Health and Office for the Aging, and the Genesee Valley Health Partnership collaborated to create this program, called Livingston Help for Seniors. They describe........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/11/2010 7:43:20 AM)
Bed Rest Has Down Side For Pregnant WomenDespite lack of evidence about bed rest's effectiveness, doctors annually prescribe it for roughly 1 million pregnant women to delay preterm births.
Judith Maloni, professor at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University, said a comprehensive review of more than 70 evidence-based research articles challenges whether this is healthy for mothers - or their babies.
She makes her report in the article,........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 11/11/2010 7:40:56 AM)
Growing crisis in kidney careAn estimated 26 million people, 13% of the United States population, are living with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and this number continues to grow. If current trends continue, there will not be enough doctors to serve this expanding patient population.
To help address this crisis, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) is convening a Summit on the Nephrology Workforce during its upcoming ASN Renal Week 2010 in Denver, Colorado, on........Go to the Kidney watch blog (Added on 11/11/2010 7:35:02 AM)
Timely Depression Diagnosis CriticalDepression affects approximately 30 to 40 percent of nursing home residents, but it often goes unrecognized, as per American Geriatrics Society, which can lead to lower quality of life or even suicide. Now, scientists at the University of Missouri have found a series of indicators, other than changes in mood that are linked to the development of depression in nursing home residents.
"Prompt diagnosis and therapy of depression is essential to........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/10/2010 7:33:52 AM)
Overcoming the IVF Baby BluesBetween 20 and 30 percent of women who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures suffer from significant symptoms of depression. A number of practitioners think that the hormone treatment involved in IVF procedures is primarily responsible for this. But new research from Tel Aviv University shows that, while this is true, other factors are even more influential.
As per Dr. Miki Bloch of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 11/9/2010 10:52:51 PM)
Clot-busting drug in stroke patientsThe clot-busting drug rt-PA remains the most beneficial proven emergency therapy for strokes caused by blood clots, as per an editorial in the recent issue of Archives of Neurology by Dr. Jos Biller.
"The benefits of therapy outweigh the risks in patients treated with intravenous rt-PA within 4.5 hours of symptom onset," Biller wrote. Biller is chairman of the Department of Neurology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/9/2010 10:36:25 PM)
Studying the metabolome of smokersExamining the blood "metabolomics" profile of smokers immediately after they had a cigarette revealed activation of pathways involved in cell death, inflammation, and other forms of systemic damage, say scientists at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, part of Georgetown University Medical Center.
They say their findings, presented at the Ninth AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Meeting, is the best analysis for........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 11/8/2010 7:50:27 AM)
Gene linked to the spread of eye melanoma.Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a gene associated with the spread of eye melanoma.
Eventhough more studies are needed, the scientists say the discovery is an important step in understanding why some tumors spread (metastasize) and others don't. They believe the findings could lead to more effective therapys.
Reporting online in the journal Science Express, the team found mutations in a........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 11/5/2010 7:58:21 AM)
Helical CT scans reduce lung cancer mortalityIn a major newly released study announced recently by the National Cancer Institute, scientists including Brown University biostatistian Constantine Gatsonis and colleagues observed that screening for lung cancer using helical Computerized axial tomography scanning reduced lung cancer deaths by 20 percent in comparison to using chest X-rays.
"The findings we're announcing today offer the first definitive evidence for the effectiveness of........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 11/5/2010 7:36:41 AM)
Brain's ability to selectively focusA University of Toronto study shows that visual attention - the brain's ability to selectively filter unattended or unwanted information from reaching awareness - diminishes with age, leaving elderly adults less capable of filtering out distracting or irrelevant information.
Further, this age-related "leaky" attentional filter fundamentally impacts the way visual information is encoded into memory. Elderly adults with impaired visual........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 11/3/2010 7:51:08 AM)
Women with anorexia and unplanned pregnanciesA newly released study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Norwegian scientists has observed that women with anorexia nervosa are much more likely to have both unplanned pregnancies and induced abortions than women who don't have the serious eating disorder.
These results appears to be driven by a mistaken belief among women with anorexia that they can't get pregnant because they are either not having menstrual periods at all........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/1/2010 8:00:39 AM)
Self awareness can help in relationshipsA little self-awareness can help people struggling in the world of relationships, says Jeffrey Hall, assistant professor of communication studies at the University of Kansas.
Hall recently completed a study into styles of flirting among dating adults, surveying more than 5,100 people regarding their methods of communicating romantic interest.
"Knowing something about the way you communicate attraction says something about challenges you........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 11/1/2010 7:05:36 AM)
Glucosamine causes the death of pancreatic cellsHigh doses or prolonged use of glucosamine causes the death of pancreatic cells and could increase the risk of developing diabetes, as per a team of scientists at Universit Laval's Faculty of Pharmacy. Details of this discovery were recently published on the website of the Journal of Endocrinology
In vitro tests conducted by Professor Frdric Picard and his team revealed that glucosamine exposure causes a significant increase in mortality in........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 10/28/2010 8:05:06 AM)
Heavy drinkers consume less over timeProblem drinkers in the general population may reduce the amount of alcohol they consume over a period of years but not to the level of the average adult, as per a newly released study in the recent issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Given that heavy drinkers often don't become "normal" drinkers on their own, the takeaway message for clinicians and family members is to help connect a problem drinker to a community social........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:54:30 AM)
Deadly monkeypox virusA newly released study of an exotic, infectious virus that has caused three recent outbreaks in the United States reveals clues to how the virus might damage lungs during infection. The findings also suggest possible new ways to treat lung diseases in humans.
Not only does the infection from monkeypox virus increase production of proteins involved in inflammation, but it decreases production of proteins that keep lung tissue intact and........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:15:09 AM)
Preschool-age children exceed daily screen timeThe American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that parents limit combined screen time from television, DVDs, computers, and video games to 2 hours per day for preschool-age children. In a study soon to be published in The Journal of Pediatrics, scientists observed that a number of children are exposed to screen time both at home and while at child care, with 66% exceeding the recommended daily amount.
As per Dr. Pooja Tandon, "A........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 10/28/2010 7:12:26 AM)
How to deliver breech babies?Most babies are delivered head-first, but in about 4% of all deliveries babies are "born breech" - with their buttocks or feet first. Doctors commonly exercise caution and use caesarean sections (C-sections) as the delivery method of choice for such births, believing it safer for the baby. After a large-scale international study in 2000, C-sections became the near-universal choice for such births.
But now scientists at Tel Aviv University........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/27/2010 7:03:49 AM)