Device prevents potential errorsA device designed to eliminate mistakes made while mixing compounds at a hospital pharmacy was 100 percent accurate in identifying the proper formulations of seven intravenous drugs.
Five potentially serious medicine errors were averted over an 18-month period in a test at C.S. Mott Children's Hospital in the University of Michigan Health System by using the technology, said Jim Stevenson, associate dean of Clinical Sciences at the U-M........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 1/8/2008 8:56:48 PM)
Infants with Birthmarks Received Less OxygenA hemangioma is a non-malignant tumor of cells that line blood vessels, appearing during the first few weeks of life as a large birthmark or lesion. A study published in Pediatric Dermatology reveals that a disturbance of oxygen depletion was found in placentas of babies who developed infantile hemangioma (IH).
Scientists evaluated placental samples from 26 pregnancies with babies who weighed less than 3.5 pounds, 13 consisting of newborns........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 1/7/2008 10:56:40 PM)
Trichloroethylene is a risk factor for parkinsonismParkinsons disease, the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder caused by aging, can also be caused by pesticides and other neurotoxins. A new study found good evidence that trichloroethylene (TCE) is a risk factor for parkinsonism, a group of nervous disorders with symptoms similar to Parkinsons disease. TCE is a chemical widely used in industry that is also found in drinking water, surface water and soil due to runoff from........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 1/7/2008 10:50:06 PM)
Potent Cancer-Fighting Marine ProductAn unexpected discovery in marine biomedical laboratories at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego has led to new, key information about the fundamental biological processes inside a marine organism that creates a natural product currently being tested to treat cancer in humans. The finding could lead to new applications of the natural product in treating human diseases.
A research team led by Bradley Moore, a professor with........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 1/6/2008 10:30:33 PM)
Assembling the jigsaw puzzle of drug addictionUsing an integrative meta-analysis approach, scientists from the Center for Bioinformatics at Peking University in Beijing have assembled the most comprehensive gene atlas underlying drug addiction and identified five molecular pathways common to four different addictive drugs. This novel paper appears in PLoS Computational Biology on January 4, 2008.
Drug addiction is a serious worldwide problem with strong genetic and environmental........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 1/6/2008 10:13:02 PM)
Exercise Reduces Menopausal AnxietyWith more menopausal women seeking natural therapies to ease symptoms, a new study has observed that simply adding a brisk walking routine can reduce a variety of psychological symptoms such as anxiety, stress and depression. The research is reported in the recent issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
"With the aging population, physical activity represents one way for women to stay mentally healthy. Physical activity can........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 1/3/2008 10:02:50 PM)
Internists prescribe placebos on occasionIn the first study examining American physicians' use of placebos in clinical practice in the 21st Century, 45 percent of Chicago internists report they have used a placebo at some time during their clinical practice scientists report in the recent issue of Journal of General Internal Medicine.
This study indicates a need for greater recognition of the use of placebos and unproven therapies and discussion about its implications," say the........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:46:41 PM)
Bright light therapy eases bipolar depressionBright light treatment can ease bipolar depression in some patients, as per a research studyreported in the journal Bipolar Disorders. Scientists from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicines Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic studied nine women with bipolar disorder to examine the effects of light treatment in the morning or at midday on mood symptoms.
There are limited effective therapys for the depressive phase of bipolar........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:32:41 PM)
Thyroid treatment no 'quick fix' for weight lossChildren treated for hypothyroidism aren't likely to drop pounds with therapy for the condition says a new study in the Journal of Pediatrics. The study is the first to examine the link between hypothyroidism therapy and weight loss in pediatric patients.
Parents of overweight children often desire a quick fix for the problem and request thyroid tests, but, unfortunately, screening for hypothyroidism is not the answer," said the study's lead........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:14:01 PM)
Novel anticancer strategy moves from laboratory to clinicScientists at Emory University have developed a novel anti-tumor compound that represents a distinct strategy: targeting one of the most important "intercept points" for cancer cells.
The results of research on the compound in mice appear in the Jan. 1 issue of Cancer Research. The article is highlighted on the cover.
The compound was used for the first time in human patients with solid tumors in 2007.
The idea behind the intercept........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:06:02 PM)
Most TV prescription drug ads minimize risk informationPrescription drug ads on television first hit the airwaves just over a decade ago, but a new University of Georgia study finds that most of them still do not present a fair balance of information, particularly when it comes to the risk of side effects.
A team led by Wendy Macias, associate professor in the UGA Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, analyzed a week's worth of direct-to-consumer ads on broadcast and cable........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:01:28 PM)
Osteoarthritis and index to ring finger length ratioIndex to ring finger length ratio (2D:4D) is a trait known for its sexual differences. Men typically have shorter second than fourth digits; in women, these fingers tend to be about equal in length. Smaller 2D:4D ratios have intriguing hormonal connections, including higher prenatal testosterone levels, lower estrogen concentrations, and higher sperm counts. Reduction in this ratio has also been associated with athletic and sexual prowess. ........Go to the Rheumatology news blog (Added on 1/2/2008 10:39:44 PM)
Putting Cancer On The Firing LineDr. Yukai He wants to put cancer in the bull's eye.
"Cancer really comes from us," the Medical College of Georgia Cancer Center immunologist says of the scary reality that cancer cells are our own cells gone awry. That means our immune system doesn't always see cancer as a horrific invader.
"Tumors and T cells, the cellular arm of the immune system and the main player in anti-tumor immunity, cohabitate for a number of years before the........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 1/2/2008 10:25:19 PM)
Protein a possible key to allergy and asthma controlActivating a protein found on some immune cells seems to halt the cells typical job of spewing out substances that launch allergic reactions, a study by Johns Hopkins scientists suggests. The findings could eventually lead to new therapys for allergic reactions ranging from annoying bouts of hay fever to deadly asthma attacks.
Prior studies by Bruce Bochner and colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center had zeroed in on the........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 1/2/2008 8:31:11 PM)
Taxol with avastin for metastatic breast cancerThe positive results of the first nationwide clinical study showing the benefits of an antiangiogenic agent in breast cancer treatment are published in the Dec. 27 issue of the New England Journal (NEJM).
The study with Avastin showed the biggest improvement in metastatic breast cancer ever reported in a chemotherapy-based clinical trial. It nearly doubled the time between initiation of chemotherapy for metastatic disease and progression of........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 12/28/2007 8:10:59 AM)
LASIK works well in highly myopic patientsLaser surgery to correct vision problems has been in use since the early part of 1990s. Photorefractive Keratotomy (PRK) is typically used to correct low to moderate myopia, while laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is preferred for high myopia corrections. Eventhough over 18 million LASIK procedures have been performed worldwide, there is still some controversy regarding the maximum correction possible and efficacy with this technique. In an........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 12/28/2007 7:47:39 AM)
High triglycerides, other cholesterol raise risk of strokePeople with high triglycerides and another type of cholesterol tested but not commonly reviewed as part of a persons risk assessment have an increased risk of a certain type of stroke, as per research reported in the December 26, 2007, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
LDL or bad cholesterol has been the primary target for reducing the risk of stroke, but these results show that other types........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 12/27/2007 9:19:52 AM)
Brief intervention helps emergency patients reduce drinkingAsking emergency department patients about their alcohol use and talking with them about how to reduce harmful drinking patterns is an effective way to lower rates of risky drinking in these patients, as per a nationwide collaborative study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Emergency department patients who underwent a regimen........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 12/27/2007 9:12:07 AM)
Overeating and obesity triggered by lack of BDNFAs per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, close to one-third of the population in the United States is obese and another third is overweight. Excessive weight gain is elicited by alterations in energy balance, the finely modulated equilibrium between caloric intake and expenditure. But what are the factors that determine how much food is consumed" Part of the mystery is unfolding in the laboratory of Maribel Rios, PhD, at the........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 12/27/2007 8:33:07 AM)
Genetic clues identified in alcohol addictionPeople with clinical addictions know first-hand the ravages the disease can take on almost every aspect of their lives. So why do they continue addictive behaviors, even after a period of peaceable abstinence".
Some answers appear rooted in regions of the brain active during decision making.
"It's perhaps not just that people are slaves to pleasure, but that they have trouble thinking through a decision," said Charlotte Boettiger, an........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 12/25/2007 11:15:20 PM)
4 health behaviors can add 14 extra years of lifePeople who adopt four healthy behaviours not smoking; taking exercise; moderate alcohol intake; and eating five servings of fruit and vegetables a day live on average an additional fourteen years of life compared with people who adopt none of these behaviours, as per a research studyreported in the open access journal PLoS Medicine.
Rather than focusing on how an individual factor is correlation to health, the study calculates the combined........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 1/8/2008 5:18:32 AM)
Multiple skin cancer risk behaviors are commonWhether youre basking on the beach during vacation, coasting down glittering white snow on a weekend ski trip, or simply walking the dog or running errands, sunlights ultraviolet rays can damage your skin year-round. Yet a new study by behavioral scientists at Fox Chase Cancer Center shows that most American adults engage in multiple behaviors that boost their risk of skin cancer by increasing their exposure to UV rays.
These behaviors........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 1/8/2008 5:15:55 AM)
How To Overcome Colonoscopy Fears?Patients who have had a colonoscopy can play a life-saving role by encouraging other patients to follow through with their own colorectal cancer screenings, as per new research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. These peer coaches can provide important information to combat myths and fears that serve as barriers to colonoscopy issues patients say their doctors often fail to address. In a randomized trial, clinicians in the........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 1/7/2008 10:46:50 PM)
Contact lenses purchased over InternetPurchasing contact lenses online may save consumers time, but the process could cause more problems in the long run, as per a new study published in the recent issue of Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association. This research, which was conducted by Joshua Fogel, Ph.D., and Chaya Zidile of Brooklyn College, observed that individuals who did not purchase their contact lenses from an eye doctor, but from an online site or store,........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 1/6/2008 10:19:42 PM)
Key factor in flu infectionResearchers have identified a key factor that determines the ability of influenza viruses to infect cells of the human upper respiratory tracta necessary step for sustaining spread between people. The research, described in the January 6 online edition of Nature Biotechnology and funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), offers new insights into how the H5N1 avian flu virus currently circulating in birds would have to change in order........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 1/6/2008 10:08:41 PM)
Children sipping and tasting alcohol in the homeMost studies of alcohol use among youth have focused on drinking by children in middle or high school. This study is one of the few to examine the earliest exposure to alcohol sipping or tasting in a large community sample of children. Findings indicate that the introduction to alcohol occurs long before adolescence, and it is an experience that occurs in the home.
Results are published in the recent issue of Alcoholism: Clinical &........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:55:14 PM)
Surprising findings about drinking behaviorResults are reported in the recent issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Most studies use survey methods that require people to recall their drinking behavior days, weeks or months previous and such recall is not always accurate, noted J.D. Clapp, director of the Center for Alcohol and Drug Studies and Services at San Diego State University and corresponding author for the study. By going out into the field and doing........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:51:41 PM)
Gene dose affects tumor growthScientists at Johns Hopkins and Ohio State University have observed that the number of copies of a particular gene can affect the severity of colon cancer in a mouse model. Publishing in the Jan. 3 issue of Nature, the research team describes how trisomy 21, or Down syndrome in humans, can repress tumor growth.
We took a new approach to a 50-year-old debate about whether people with Down syndrome develop cancer less often than other people,........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:29:45 PM)
Why Some Depressed Girls Can't Smell The RosesCan't smell the roses? Maybe you're depressed. Smell too much like a rose yourself? Maybe you've got the same problem. Researchers from Tel Aviv University recently linked depression to a biological mechanism that affects the olfactory glands. It might explain why some women, without realizing it, wear too much perfume.
Scientific research that supports this theory was published this year in the journal Arthritis and Rheumatism. "Our........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:19:18 PM)
Healing Value of MagnetsMagnets have been touted for their healing properties since ancient Greece. Magnetic treatment is still widely used today as an alternative method for treating many conditions, from arthritis to depression, but there hasn't been scientific proof that magnets can heal.
Lack of regulation and widespread public acceptance have turned magnetic treatment into a $5 billion world market. Hopeful consumers buy bracelets, knee braces, shoe inserts,........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:10:52 PM)
Mom's obesity during conceptionThe number of overweight and obese Americans continues to grow rapidly. Today, 50 percent of adults are overweight and up to 20 percent are obese. While the number of overweight/obese children is at an all time high, the steady increase of overweight infants -- individuals under 11 months old -- is alarming.
Research studies have observed that pregnant women who are overweight/obese are more likely to give birth to heavier babies, and the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 9:03:47 PM)
Acid Reflux and SurvivalGastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), often known as acid reflux, is a common problem that has been linked to cancers, asthma, recurrent aspiration and pulmonary fibrosis. A new study published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology examines whether GERD sufferers may have shorter lifespans than those without the disease.
Drawing on over 50,000 person-years of data, the study provides reassuring evidence that people with acid reflux........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 1/3/2008 8:42:53 PM)
Where thoughts of familiar objects occur inside the human brainA team of Carnegie Mellon University computer researchers and cognitive neuroscientists, combining methods of machine learning and brain imaging, have found a way to identify where peoples thoughts and perceptions of familiar objects originate in the brain by identifying the patterns of brain activity linked to the objects. An article in the Jan. 2 issue of PLoS One discusses this new method, which was developed over two years under the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 1/2/2008 8:33:34 PM)
Obesity linked to decreased seatbelt useObese people are less likely to use their seatbelts than the rest of the population, adding to the public health risks linked to this rapidly growing problem.
The connection was made by Vanderbilt University psychology expert David Schlundt and colleagues at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn.
We observed that when weight goes up, seatbelt use goes down, Schlundt, associate professor of psychology and assistant professor of........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 1/2/2008 8:27:02 PM)
Treating of ignored non-cancer health issuesReceiving therapy for non-cancer health issues while being treated by specialists for cancer improves cancer survival rates as per a research studyreported in the December 20 issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
The study, by scientists from the Indiana University School of Medicine, the Regenstrief Institute and the Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center, is the first to look at the effect of primary care on health outcomes........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 12/28/2007 8:08:50 AM)
Cost of glaucoma medications may impact treatmentIn the United States, the management of glaucoma costs about $2.5 billion per year. Of the $1.9 billion in direct costs, glaucoma medications account for an estimated 38% to 52% of the total. In an article reported in the January 2008 issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology, scientists from The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas; analyzed the economics of medically managing glaucoma. The........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 12/28/2007 7:54:01 AM)
Handling pesticides associated with asthmaNew research on farm women has shown that contact with some usually used pesticides in farm work may increase their risk of allergic asthma.
Farm women are an understudied occupational group, said Jane Hoppin, Sc.D., of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and lead author of the study. More than half the women in our study applied pesticides, but there is very little known about the risks.
The study was reported in the........Go to the Lung cancer news blog (Added on 12/28/2007 7:34:51 AM)
Bevacizumab improve survival in breast cancerInhibiting the growth of blood vessels that supply tumors slows the progression of metastatic breast cancer as per results of a large clinical trial of Avastin, an anti-angiogenic treatment. The study, reported in the December 27th issue of the New England Journal (NEJM), observed that Avastin in combination with chemotherapy significantly prolongs progression-free survival for women with breast cancer in comparison to chemotherapy alone.
........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 12/27/2007 9:08:01 AM)
Fast-acting cyanide antidoteUniversity of Minnesota Center for Drug Design and Minneapolis VA Medical Center scientists have discovered a new fast-acting antidote to cyanide poisoning. The antidote has potential to save lives of those who are exposed to the chemical namely firefighters, industrial workers, and victims of terrorist attacks.
Current cyanide antidotes work slowly and are ineffective when administered after a certain point, said Steven Patterson, Ph.D.,........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 12/27/2007 8:39:04 AM)
Health coverage reduces major heart complicationsAs presidential candidates ramp up their primary campaigns, health care reform looms prominently among voters main concerns.
A new study in the December 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, JAMA, provides the most comprehensive evidence to date that expanding coverage to people without it leads to demonstrable improvements in health.
This study provides good evidence about how health improves when people gain........Go to the Heart news blog (Added on 12/25/2007 11:12:13 PM)