Maternal depression and sleep disturbance in infantsA study in the May 1 issue of the journal SLEEP suggests that babies born to mothers with depression are more likely to suffer from significant sleep disturbances at 2 weeks postpartum that continue until 6 months of age. Findings of the study are of particular importance, as sleep disturbances in infancy may result in increased risk for developing early-onset depression in childhood.
Results indicate that infants born to mothers with........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/1/2009 5:06:56 AM)
Promise against resistant staph infectionsResearchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have combined their revolutionary new drug-delivery system with a powerful antimicrobial agent to treat potentially deadly drug-resistant staph infections in mice. The study is published this month in the online version of the Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria cause the majority of superficial and invasive skin infections, resulting in........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 4/30/2009 9:33:14 PM)
Magnetic stimulation therapy for migraineA new UCSF study examining the mechanism of a novel treatment that uses magnetic pulses to treat chronic migraine sufferers showed the therapy to be a promising alternative to medication.
The treatment is called transcranial magnetic stimulation, or TMS. Study findings were presented today (April 29, 2009) during the annual American Academy of Neurology scientific meeting in Seattle.
In a prior randomized controlled clinical study by........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/30/2009 5:18:18 AM)
Tiny differences in our genes make the big pictureBy examining very small differences in people's genes, researchers from Cornell University have developed a new tool for identifying big events in human history and pinpointing the origins of specific gene mutations. This research, reported in the recent issue of the journal GENETICS (http://www.genetics.org), helps shed light on times when the human population moved close to extinction and helps researchers close in on gene mutations that make........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/30/2009 5:14:13 AM)
New gene variant for autismUCLA scientists, in partnership with 30 research institutions across the country, have identified a new gene variant that is highly common in autistic children. And when scientists scrutinized the activity of the gene, known as CDH10, in the fetal brain, they discovered that it is most active in key regions that support language, speech and interpreting social behavior.
Published April 28 in the advance online edition of the journal Nature,........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:23:57 AM)
Treating Skin Cancer without the KnifeIn a case study of a type of melanoma skin cancer typically found on chronically sun-exposed skin, Saint Louis University scientists observed that imiquimod, a topical cream, produced good results for patients when used together with surgery to treat the cancer, potentially helping doctors cut less.
The study, published in Dermatologic Surgery, looked at two cases of the most common type of melanoma of the head and neck, lentigo maligna........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:09:13 AM)
Preventing migraineWhen migraine strikes, because of severe pain, often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound, sufferers are effectively disabled for up to 72 hours. Since they are forced to stop what they are doing until the pain and other symptoms subside, migraine causes a significant loss in productivity at work and the personal lives of those affected. Migraineurs particularly the 25% of migraineurs who experience more than three........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:02:18 AM)
Novel role of protein in generating amyloid-beta peptideA defining hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is the accumulation of the amyloid β protein (Aβ), otherwise known as "senile plaques," in the brain's cortex and hippocampus, where memory consolidation occurs. Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a novel protein which, when over-expressed, leads to a dramatic increase in the generation of Aβ. Their findings, which indicate a........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:23:40 AM)
Psychological effects of inadequate sleepA recent Finnish study suggests that children's short sleep duration even without sleeping difficulties increases the risk for behavioral symptoms of ADHD.
During the recent decades, sleep duration has decreased in a number of countries; in the United States a third of children are estimated to suffer from inadequate sleep. It has been hypothesised that sleep deprivation may manifest in children as behavioral symptoms rather than as........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:17:35 AM)
Dietary fats trigger long-term memory formationHaving strong memories of that rich, delicious dessert you ate last night? If so, you shouldn't feel like a glutton. It's only natural.
UC Irvine scientists have observed that eating fat-rich foods triggers the formation of long-term memories of that activity. The study adds to their recent work linking dietary fats to appetite control and may herald new approaches for treating obesity and other eating disorders.
Study results appear this........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:10:17 AM)
Statins may reduce the risk of prostate cancerCholesterol-lowering drugs called statins may reduce inflammation in prostate tumors, possibly hindering cancer growth, as per a research studyled by researchers in the Duke Prostate Center.
"Prior studies have shown that men taking statins seem to have a lower occurence rate of advanced prostate cancer, but the mechanisms by which statins might be affecting the prostate remained largely unknown," said Lionel Baez, M.D., a researcher in the........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 4/27/2009 5:27:57 AM)
Improving treatment of lung cancerPrevention, personalized therapies and closer collaborations between surgeons, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists will result in better outcomes for patients with lung cancer and those at risk, a leading European expert says.
"Lung cancer is a complex disease. It is one of the most complex cancers, and the more we learn about the biology of the disease, the more we realize that improved cancer care will result from........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 4/27/2009 5:03:06 AM)
Who should get PSA testing?LINTHICUM, MD, April 27, 2009The American Urological Association (AUA) today issued new clinical guidance which directly contrasts recent recommendations issued by other major groups about prostate cancer screening, asserting that the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test should be offered to well-informed, men aged 40 years or older who have a life expectancy of at least 10 years. The PSA test, as well as how it is used to guide patient care........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 4/27/2009 5:00:58 AM)
New breast radiation device for breast cancer patientsA newly released study shows that the SAVI applicator, a small, expandable device inserted inside the breast to deliver partial breast irradiation, carries a low infection risk, a potential complication of such devices. The research, led by radiation oncologists and surgeons at the Moores UCSD Cancer Center and Fort Myers, Florida-based 21st Century Oncology, also indicates that other complications such as seromas, pockets of fluid that build........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 4/24/2009 5:19:44 AM)
Stem cells obtained from a patient's own adipose tissue for MS treatmentA preliminary study on the use of stem cells obtained from a patient's own adipose tissue in the therapy of multiple sclerosis (MS) has shown promising results. The three case studies, described in BioMed Central's open access Journal of Translational Medicine support further clinical assessment of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells in MS and other autoimmune conditions.
Thomas Ichim, from Medistem Inc., and Dr. Boris Minev, from the........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/24/2009 5:08:37 AM)
Helping doctors follow cholesterol treatment guidelinesA newly released study by scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine suggests that patients with high cholesterol receive better care when physicians use a variety of tools to learn and apply a clinical practice guideline for treating the condition.
The study, reported in the April 13 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, tracked the adherence to clinical guidelines at 61 primary care practices. The study aimed to improve........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 4/23/2009 5:22:40 AM)
Vitamin D levels and asthma severityNew research provides evidence for a link between vitamin D insufficiency and asthma severity.
Serum levels of vitamin D in more than 600 Costa Rican children were inversely associated with several indicators of allergy and asthma severity, including hospitalizations for asthma, use of inhaled steroids and total IgE levels, as per a research studythat will appear in the first issue for May of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 4/23/2009 5:05:16 AM)
Sleep pattern and risk of diabetesScientists at Universit Laval's Faculty of Medicine have observed that people who sleep too much or not enough are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. The risk is 2 times higher for people who sleep less than 7 hours or more than 8 hours a night. The findings were published recently on the website of the journal Sleep Medicine
The scientists arrived at this conclusion after analyzing the life habits........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 4/22/2009 5:26:19 AM)
Breast cancer patients, emotional quality and exerciseThe first study to monitor physical activity in patients with breast cancer for five years suggests that patients with greater depressive symptoms and a lower emotional quality of life are less likely to exercise as part of their recovery than are patients reporting less distress.
While the findings may seem intuitive, they also add weight to a growing pool of data supporting the need to concentrate on patients with breast cancer' emotional........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 4/22/2009 5:21:33 AM)
New chemo combination against recurrent gynecologic cancersRecurrent and metastatic endometrial and ovary cancers can be notoriously difficult to treat: They have spread to other organs and typically have developed resistance to chemotherapy; and patients already heavily treated with chemotherapy may not be able to endure more chemo. Now, physicians at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have shown that a combination of two chemotherapy drugs not only produced clinical benefit for........Go to the Ovarian cancer blog (Added on 4/22/2009 5:11:50 AM)
Tthinking about the positiveIn a newly released study, cognitive researchers have shown that when aware of both a negative and positive stereotype correlation to performance, women will identify more closely with the positive stereotype, avoiding the harmful impact the negative stereotype unwittingly can have on their performance.
The study, led by Robert J. Rydell, assistant professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Indiana University, focused........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 5/4/2009 5:08:07 AM)
Management of asthma during pregnancyPregnant women with asthma, the most common condition affecting the lungs during pregnancy, should actively manage their asthma in order to optimize the health of mother and the baby, as per new management recommendations reported in the current issue of the New England Journal (NEJM)
"Though studies suggest asthma during pregnancy can increase health risks for mom and baby, our research shows that women who manage their asthma can have as........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 4/30/2009 9:50:15 PM)
Preserving eggs for reproductionCryoprotectants needed to preserve eggs for reproduction need to be given in stages, albeit rapid ones, say researchers who have developed a mathematical model that predicts optimal time for loading and unloading these drugs.
Their studies in Rhesus monkey eggs, which are very similar to human eggs, show that a two-step process of easing into and out of the drugs needed to help protect eggs at subzero temperatures dramatically reduces the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 4/30/2009 5:26:55 AM)
Folic acid may help treat allergies, asthmaFolic acid, or vitamin B9, essential for red blood cell health and long known to reduce the risk of spinal birth defects, may also suppress allergic reactions and lessen the severity of allergy and asthma symptoms, as per new research from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.
In what is thought to bethe first study in humans examining the link between blood levels of folate the naturally occurring form of folic acid and allergies, the........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 4/30/2009 5:09:20 AM)
Accumulation of visceral fat and depressionNumerous studies have shown that depression is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, but exactly how has never been clear.
Now, scientists at Rush University Medical Center have shown that depression is linked with the accumulation of visceral fat, the kind of fat packed between internal organs at the waistline, which has long been known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
The study is posted online and........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:29:14 AM)
Dairy better for bones than calciumA Purdue University study shows dairy has an advantage over calcium carbonate in promoting bone growth and strength.
Connie Weaver, distinguished professor and head of the food and nutrition department, observed that the bones of rats fed nonfat dry milk were longer, wider, more dense and stronger than those of rats fed a diet with calcium carbonate. Calcium carbonate is the most common form of calcium used in calcium-fortified foods and........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:22:01 AM)
Stroke predictors in black patientsPredictors of atrial fibrillation (AF or afib) might offer physicians a better way to prevent stroke in blacks, as per a newly released study done by scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine.
AF is an irregular and often rapid heart rate that usually causes poor blood flow to the body, as well as symptoms of heart palpitations, shortness of breath and weakness. Despite low reported prevalence of AF a main risk factors for........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/29/2009 5:00:37 AM)
Pregnancy safe with epilepsy, avoid valproateNew guidelines developed by the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society show it's relatively safe for women with epilepsy to become pregnant, but caution must be taken, including avoiding one particular epilepsy drug that can cause birth defects. The guidelines are reported in the April 27, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, and will be presented April 27, 2009, at........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:21:31 AM)
Smoking, high blood pressure and being overweightSmoking, hypertension and being overweight are the leading preventable risk factors for premature mortality in the United States, as per a newly released study led by scientists at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), with collaborators from the University of Toronto and the Institute for Health Metrics and Assessment at the University of Washington. The scientists observed that smoking is responsible for 467,000 premature deaths each........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:15:48 AM)
A pandemic flu in making?New research published recently (Monday April 27) from the University of Leicester and University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust warns of a six-month time lag before effective vaccines can be manufactured in the event of a pandemic flu outbreak.
By that time, the first wave of pandemic flu appears to be over before people are vaccinated, says Dr Iain Stephenson, Consultant in Infectious Diseases at the Leicester Royal Infirmary and a........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 4/28/2009 5:13:50 AM)
Diet soda may reduce kidney stonesPatients with stone disease could benefit from drinking diet soda. New research from the University of California, San Francisco suggests that the citrate and malate content in usually consumed sodas appears to be sufficient to inhibit the development of calcium stones. The study was presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA).
Increased alkalinity is proven to augment citraturia, a known........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 4/27/2009 5:31:41 AM)
Simple household bleach to treat kids' eczemaIt's best known for whitening a load of laundry. But now simple household bleach has a surprising new role: an effective therapy for kids' chronic eczema.
Chronic, severe eczema can mar a childhood. The skin disorder starts with red, itchy, inflamed skin that often becomes crusty and raw from scratching. The eczema disturbs kids' sleep, alters their appearance and affects their concentration in school. The itching is so bad kids may break........Go to the Skin news blog (Added on 4/27/2009 5:07:58 AM)
New cancer drug reduces neuroblastoma growth by 75 percentScientists from the Children's Cancer Hospital at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have found a new drug that restricts the growth of neuroblastoma, a childhood brain cancer. The pre-clinical study was presented today in the plenary session at the 22nd annual meeting of the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology.
Alejandro Levy, M.D., fellow at the Children's Cancer Hospital at M. D. Anderson, presented........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 4/24/2009 5:21:45 AM)
Major advance in cell reprogrammingIn a paper publishing online April 23rd in Cell Stem Cell, a Cell Press journal, Dr. Sheng Ding and his colleagues from the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, report an important step forward in the race to make reprogrammed stem cells that appears to be better suited for use in clinical settings.
Ding and colleagues show that mouse cells can be reprogrammed to form stem cells with a combination of purified proteins and a........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 4/24/2009 5:12:16 AM)
How cigarettes calm you downThe calming neurological effects of nicotine have been demonstrated in a group of non-smokers during anger provocation. Scientists writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Behavioral and Brain Functions suggest that nicotine may alter the activity of brain areas that are involved in the inhibition of negative emotions such as anger.
Jean Gehricke led a team of scientists from the University of California who studied the effect of........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/24/2009 5:05:42 AM)
New guidance on malaria eliminationCountries and policy leaders gain new guidance today on how and when to eliminate malaria, paving the way for the potential global eradication of the deadly disease. The announcement is being made on behalf of the Malaria Elimination Group, a global body of researchers, policy experts and country program managers, by the Global Health Group of UCSF Global Health Sciences.
"The international community has provided relatively little guidance........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 4/24/2009 4:57:14 AM)
DNA-based vaccination against chronic hepatitis CCopenhagen, Denmark, Thursday 23 April: The first-proof-of-concept for a DNA-based therapeutic vaccination against chronic hepatitis C was announced recently at EASL 2009, the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver in Copenhagen, Denmark.
In the first clinical trial of a therapeutic vaccination using naked DNA delivered by in vivo electroporation (EP), antiviral effects were shown in patients with hepatitis C........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 4/23/2009 5:03:27 AM)
Benefit of grapes may be more than skin deepCan a grape-enriched diet prevent the downhill sequence of heart failure after years of high blood pressure?.
A University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center study suggests grapes may prevent heart health risks beyond the simple blood pressure-lowering impact that can come from a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. The benefits appears to be the result of the phytochemicals naturally occurring antioxidants turning on a protective process in........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 4/22/2009 10:15:06 PM)
Think memory worsens with age?Thinking your memory will get worse as you get older may actually be a self-fulfilling prophecy. Scientists at North Carolina State University have observed that senior citizens who think older people should perform poorly on tests of memory actually score much worse than seniors who do not buy in to negative stereotypes about aging and memory loss.
As per a research findings published earlier this month, psychology professor Dr. Tom Hess........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 4/22/2009 5:16:26 AM)
When healthy menus backfireJust seeing a salad on the menu seems to push some consumers to make a less healthy meal choice, according a Duke University researcher.
It's an effect called "vicarious goal fulfillment," in which a person can feel a goal has been met if they have taken some small action, like considering the salad without ordering it, said Gavan Fitzsimons, professor of marketing and psychology at Duke's Fuqua School of Business, who led the research.
........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 4/22/2009 5:14:26 AM)