Radiation plus hormone therapy in prostate cancerBoston For men with locally advanced prostate cancer the addition of radiation therapy to anti-androgen hormone treatment reduces the risk of dying of prostate cancer by 50 percent in comparison to those who have anti-androgen hormone therapy alone, as per a randomized study presented September 22, 2008, at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology's 50th Annual Meeting in Boston.
"This randomized trial is the first to........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 9/22/2008 10:28:06 PM)
Statins increase risk of postoperative deliriumThe use of statins is linked to a 28% increased risk of postoperative delirium in elderly patients, found University of Toronto professor Dr. Donald Redelmeier and his colleagues in a retrospective cohort analysis involving more than 280 000 patients.
Ontario's Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) looked at elderly patients who underwent elective surgery in Ontario and who had received 2 or more prescriptions for statins in the........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/22/2008 10:24:45 PM)
Physicians may miss opportunities to respond with empathyIn a small study of 20 audiorecorded interactions, physicians seldom responded empathetically to concerns raised by lung cancer patients, as per a report in the September 22 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
"Empathy is an important element of effective communication between patients and physicians and is linked to improved patient satisfaction and compliance with recommended therapy," the authors........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 9/22/2008 10:20:54 PM)
Gastric cancer with 3 pathological featuresPrimary carcinoma of the stomach is almost always adenocarcinoma or signet ring cell carcinoma and there are few reports of choriocarcinoma or neuroendocrine cell carcinoma. We report a patient with adenocarcinoma of the stomach combined with choriocarcinoma and neuroendocrine cell carcinoma. This is the first reported case of gastric cancer with these three pathological features.
A case article would be published on 28 May 2008 in the World........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/18/2008 10:40:33 PM)
Physical Therapy Treatment Resolves Symptoms Of Urinary Incontinence In WomenIn response to a new study reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association showing that pelvic floor disorders, such as urinary incontinence, affect up to one-quarter of American women, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is urging women who suffer from this widespread disorder to consider therapy from a physical therapist.
Recent research has demonstrated physical treatment's effectiveness at treating the symptoms........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 9/17/2008 5:15:50 PM)
Emotions are key in the study of face recognitionRecognizing the faces of family and friends is commonly an effortless process. However, a minority of people have difficulties identifying the person they are meeting or remembering people they have met before. These problems can be quite dramatic, to the point where those affected fail to recognize the face of their spouse or child or even their own face. New research on face blindness demonstrates the importance of using naturalistic........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/16/2008 10:25:58 PM)
Colds and flu cut by one-third in vaccinated seniorsA winter free from colds and flu? Not yet. But a new study offers new evidence that Canada's top cold and flu-fighting product provides significant help. The three-year study showed that trial participants who took COLD-FX were about one-third less likely to get a "Jackson" cold or flu. The very sensitive Jackson scoring method is a well-accepted scientific approach for judging clinical symptoms, which include coughing, sneezing, runny noses........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/16/2008 10:21:56 PM)
A healthy lifestyle halves the risk of premature death in womenOver half of deaths in women from chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease could be avoided if they never smoke, keep their weight in check, take exercise and eat a healthy diet low in red meat and trans-fats, as per a research studypublished on bmj.com today.
It is well known that diet, lack of physical activity, being overweight, alcohol consumption and smoking increase the risk of disease including cancer and diabetes, but little........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/16/2008 10:04:33 PM)
Vaccine against HER2-positive breast canceScientists at Wayne State University have tested a breast cancer vaccine they say completely eliminated HER2-positive tumors in mice - even cancers resistant to current anti-HER2 treatment - without any toxicity.
The study, published in the September 15 issue of Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, suggests the vaccine could treat women with HER2-positive, therapy-resistant cancer or help prevent cancer........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/15/2008 10:20:11 PM)
Ovarian cancer drug: promising new treatmentIrvine, Calif. Women with recurrent ovary cancer can be helped by an experimental treatment using a drug already touted for its ability to fight other cancers, a finding that provides hope for improved therapy of this deadly disease.
Dr. Bradley Monk, a UC Irvine gynecologic oncologist who led the worldwide phase III clinical trial, said trabectedin is the most recent addition to a short list of active drug therapies for recurrent ovary........Go to the Ovarian cancer blog (Added on 9/15/2008 9:46:31 PM)
Poor weight loss after gastric bypass surgeryIndividuals with diabetes and those whose stomach pouches are larger appear less likely to successfully lose weight after gastric bypass surgery, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is the most common bariatric procedure in North America, as per background information in the article. During the procedure, surgeons create a smaller stomach pouch that........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/15/2008 9:34:27 PM)
Extremely exact images from inside the bodyIt will be the only magnetic resonance tomograph of the modern 7 tesla generation in the world, in which a metrology institute is also involved. Magnetic resonance tomographs, which use a magnetic field of 7 tesla, have still not been in operation in hospitals and clinics, but have solely served research. For the first time in the world, cardiovascular research carried out on such a device is now also to play an important role. The magnetic........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:39:17 PM)
Calcium and exercise to strengthen the bonesA stumble, a fall - a broken bone: a number of older people are afraid of this happening. The German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care published information today about how you can protect yourself. Research shows that regular adequate intake of calcium and exercise can strengthen the bones. But a number of people do not know whether they are getting enough calcium in their diets. The Institute has developed a calculator at........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:34:07 PM)
Cancer-causing gene in many colon cancersDemonstrating that despite the large number of cancer-causing genes already identified, a number of more remain to be found, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have linked a previously unsuspected gene, CDK8, to colon cancer.
The discovery of CDK8's role in cancer was made possible by new tools for assessing the activity of specific genes, say the authors of the new study. As these tools are further improved, the stream of newly........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:09:56 PM)
The pepperoni pizza hypothesisWhat's the worst that could happen after eating a slice of pepperoni pizza? A little heartburn, for most people.
But for up to a million women in the U.S., enjoying that piece of pizza has painful consequences. They have a chronic bladder condition that causes pelvic pain. Spicy food -- as well as citrus, caffeine, tomatoes and alcohol-- can cause a flare in their symptoms and intensify the pain. Scientists had long believed the spike in........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:47:47 PM)
Internet-based health-care teachingA study led by a team of education scientists from Mayo Clinic and published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) concludes that Internet-based education generally is effective.
Lead author David Cook, M.D., an associate professor of medicine who practices general internal medicine at Mayo Clinic, worked with scientists from Mayo and McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. They evaluated more than 200 studies........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:43:47 PM)
Rural HIV care has economic and health implicationsAn Indiana University study observed that HIV care providers in rural Indiana report significant stigma and discrimination in the rural medical referral system surrounding issues of HIV and substance abuse. Providers felt that these factors impeded their ability to offer quality care to their patients.
"The findings of this study demonstrate inefficiencies in our public health care system and our inability to link people easily to a range of........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:25:06 PM)
Nano-Sized'Cargo Ships' to Destroy TumorsResearchers have developed nanometer-sized 'cargo ships' that can sail throughout the body via the bloodstream without immediate detection from the body's immune radar system and ferry their cargo of anti-cancer drugs and markers into tumors that might otherwise go untreated or undetected.
In a forthcoming issue of the Gera number of-based chemistry journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers at UC San Diego, UC Santa Barbara and MIT report that........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/11/2008 8:49:20 PM)
Bleeding gums linked to heart diseaseBleeding gums and poor dental hygiene can end up causing heart disease, researchers heard today (Thursday 11 September2008) at the Society for General Microbiology's Autumn meeting being held this week at Trinity College, Dublin.
People with poor dental hygiene and those who don't brush their teeth regularly end up with bleeding gums, which provide an entry to the bloodstream for up to 700 different types of bacteria found in our mouths.........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 9/10/2008 10:13:49 PM)
Immaturity of the brain may cause schizophreniaThe underdevelopment of a specific region in the brain may lead to schizophrenia in individuals. As per research published recently in BioMed Central's open access journal Molecular Brain, dentate gyrus, which is located in the hippocampus in the brain and believed to be responsible for working memory and mood regulation, remained immature in an animal model of schizophrenia.
Professor Tsuyoshi Miyakawa of Fujita Health University, National........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/10/2008 10:11:48 PM)
Women and South Asians with anginaWomen and South Asian people with typical pain were more likely than those with atypical pain to receive a diagnosis of angina pectoris and to have increased mortality rates or acute coronary complications, a study by UK scientists found. Despite this, in women and South Asians, both those with typical and atypical pain had lower rates of angiography and coronary interventions compared with men and white people respectively.
In this study of........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 9/22/2008 10:26:21 PM)
Half of trials supporting FDA applications go unpublishedOver half of all supporting trials for FDA-approved drugs remained unpublished 5 years after approval, says new research published in this week's PLoS Medicine The most important trials determining efficacy, and those with statistically significant results and larger sample sizes, are more likely would be published.
Ida Sim and his colleagues from the University of California San Francisco searched the medical literature to determine the........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/22/2008 10:22:12 PM)
Probiotic intervention and lipid profile change?The new global metabolic profiling techniques, like lipidomics as a branch of metabolomics, have made it possible to measure large numbers of different metabolites, and are currently being applied to increase our understanding of the health and disease continuum.
A Finland research group investigated the effect of a three weeks intervention of a probiotic LGG intervention on serum global lipidomics profiles in healthy adults. This will be........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 9/18/2008 10:44:08 PM)
Breakthrough in spinal injury treatmentManipulating embryo-derived stem cells before transplanting them may hold the key to optimizing stem cell technologies for repairing spinal cord injuries in humans. Research published in BioMed Central's open access Journal of Biology, may lead to cell based therapies for victims of paralysis to recover the use of their bodies without the risk of transplant induced pain syndromes.
Dr. Stephen Davies, Associate Professor of Neurosurgery at........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/18/2008 10:39:14 PM)
Work together or face 'disastrous consequences'Faced with the prospect of more variable and changing climates increasing Africa's already intolerable disease burden, researchers must begin to reach out to colleagues in other fields and to the people they want to help if they hope to avert an expected "continental disaster," as per leading climate, health, and information technology experts, who met in Nairobi last week.
Climate change will further increase the already high variability of........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/18/2008 9:03:09 PM)
Pelvic disorders affect large number of womenNearly one-quarter of all women suffer from pelvic-floor disorders, such as incontinence, at some point in their lives, a national study, including scientists from UT Southwestern Medical Center, has found.
The study of nearly 2,000 women in seven U.S. cities observed that 23.7 percent of participants had experienced at least one pelvic-floor disorder, and the risk increased with age.
"This study is the first nationwide study to confirm........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 9/17/2008 5:08:56 PM)
Pazopanib shrinks lung cancers before surgeryPazopanib, a new oral angiogenesis inhibitor, has demonstrated interesting activity in difficult to treat non-small-cell lung cancer, US scientists report.
In a phase II trial, 30 out of 35 patients treated with preoperative pazopanib for a minimum of two weeks saw their tumor size shrink by up to 85%.
"This is a positive result that will be explored further," said Prof. Nasser Altorki from Weil Medical College of Cornell University in........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 9/16/2008 10:14:54 PM)
New drug substantially extends survival in pancreatic cancerA new form of chemotherapy that destroys new blood vessels that grow around tumors has produced excellent results in a phase II trial of patients with inoperable pancreas cancer, scientists report at the 33rd Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) in Stockholm.
European researchers led by Prof. Matthias Lhr from the Karolinska Institute reviewed the efficacy and safety of three different doses of cationic lipid........Go to the Pancreatic cancer blog (Added on 9/16/2008 10:07:16 PM)
Massage therapy may have immediate positive effectA new study from the National Institutes of Health finds that massage treatment may have immediate benefits on pain and mood among patients with advanced cancer. The study appears in the September 16, 2008 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine
In a randomized trial of 380 advanced cancer patients at 15 U.S. hospices, improvement in pain and mood immediately following therapy was greater with massage than with simple touch.
"When patients........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/15/2008 10:18:34 PM)
Migraine linked to blood clots in veinsPeople with migraines may also be more likely to develop blood clots in their veins, as per a research studyreported in the September 16, 2008, issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
In the condition, called venous thrombosis or thromboembolism, blood clots form in a vein, which can limit blood flow and cause swelling and pain. Those clots can then dislodge from the vein and travel to the heart and........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/15/2008 10:08:47 PM)
Steady work and mental health - is there a connection?Despite low overall unemployment, Canada's manufacturing industry has cut 88,000 jobs this year, with nearly all the losses occurring in Ontario. Also, part-time employment has grown by 3.5 per cent in 12 months, much faster than the 0.9 per cent growth in full time work. A new report from the World Health Organization (WHO) on the social determinants of health demonstrates that these kind of employment changes can affect more than your........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/15/2008 9:43:22 PM)
Limiting resident surgeon's work hours associated with fewer complicationsFewer patients undergoing gallbladder surgery at one major public teaching hospital sustained injuries to their bile ducts or other complications after resident physicians' work hours were limited to 80 per week, as per a report in the recent issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Concerns about patient safety and resident well-being led to the implementation of the 80-hour workweek in July 2003, as per background........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/15/2008 9:32:15 PM)
Depressed dialysis patients more likely to be hospitalizedDialysis patients diagnosed with depression are nearly twice as likely to be hospitalized or die within a year than those who are not depressed, a.
UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher has found.
In the study, available online and in the Sept. 15 issue of Kidney International, scientists monitored 98 dialysis patients for up to 14 months. More than a quarter of dialysis patients received a psychiatric diagnosis of some form of........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:30:39 PM)
Tuberculosis drug shows promise against latent bacteriaA new study has shown that an investigational drug (R207910, currently in clinical trials against multi-drug resistant tuberculosis strains) is quite effective at killing latent bacteria. This revelation suggests that R207910 may lead to improved and shortened therapys for this globally prevalent disease.
Despite numerous therapy advances, tuberculosis (TB) remains a serious disease fueled by co-infection of HIV patients, the rise of........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:13:11 PM)
Faster, cheaper way of analyzing the human genomeInvestigators at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) today announced a faster and less expensive way for researchers to find which genes might affect human health.
Using bar-codes, not unlike what shoppers find in grocery stores, TGen scientists found a way to index portions of the nearly 3-billion-base human genetic code, making it easier for researchers to zero in on the regions most likely to show variations in genetic........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/14/2008 10:08:00 PM)
Developing Drug to Stop Cancer RecurrenceAfter years of working toward this goal, researchers at the OU Cancer Institute have found a way to isolate cancer stem cells in tumors so they can target the cells and kill them, keeping cancer from returning.
A research team led by Courtney Houchen, M.D., and Shrikant Anant, Ph.D., discovered that a particular protein only appears in stem cells. Until now, scientists knew of proteins that appeared in both regular cancer cells and stem........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:39:18 PM)
Mate selection more biologically determinedSome human populations may rely on biological factors in addition to social factors when selecting a mate. In a recent study, published September 12 in the open-access journal PLoS Genetics, researchers in China, France, and the United Kingdom report genomic data showing that immunity traits may be involved in mate choice in some human populations.
In several species it has been shown that the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC), a large........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:34:46 PM)
Keeping nerve axons on targetNeurons constituting the optic nerve wire up to the brain in a highly dynamic way. Cell bodies in the developing retina sprout processes, called axons, which extend toward visual centers in the brain, lured by attractive cues and making U-turns when they take the wrong path. How they find targets so accurately is a central question of neuroscience today.
Using the mouse visual system, a team of Salk Institute for Biological Studies........Go to the Ophthalmology news blog (Added on 9/11/2008 9:21:47 PM)
Mad cow disease also caused by genetic mutationNew findings about the causes of mad cow disease show that sometimes it may be genetic.
"We now know it's also in the genes of cattle," said Juergen A. Richt, Regents Distinguished Professor of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology at Kansas State University's College of Veterinary Medicine.
Until several years ago, Richt said, it was thought that the cattle prion disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy -- also called BSE or mad cow........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/11/2008 8:28:59 PM)
Killing bacteria isn't enough to restore immune functionA bacterial molecule that initially signals to animals that they have been invaded must be wiped out by a special enzyme before an infected animal can regain full health, scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.
Using a genetically engineered mouse model, the team observed that simply eradicating the infection-causing bug isn't enough to restore an animal's immune function. Lipopolysaccharide, or LPS, the dominant bacterial........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/10/2008 10:05:24 PM)