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World's first transcontinental anesthesia

World's first transcontinental anesthesia
Videoconferences appears to be known for putting people to sleep, but never like this. Dr. Thomas Hemmerling and his team of McGill's Department of Anesthesia achieved a world first on August 30, 2010, when they treated patients undergoing thyroid gland surgery in Italy remotely from Montreal. The approach is part of new technological advancements, known as 'Teleanesthesia', and it involves a team of engineers, scientists and anesthesiologists........Go to the Health news blog (Added on 9/11/2010 9:21:38 AM)


Sizing Up Vaccines

Sizing Up Vaccines
A creative version of a classic engineering technique may improve decisions about building and using supplies of important pediatric vaccines, potentially leading to lower public health costs and healthier children. The United States maintains a six-month supply of common pediatric vaccines to ensure protection from deadly diseases, such as the flu, polio, and diphtheria, despite interruptions in vaccine production. The stockpiles must be........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/11/2010 9:14:25 AM)


Alzheimer protein's function revealed

Alzheimer protein's function revealed
In people with Alzheimer's, the brain becomes riddled with clumps of protein, forming what are known as amyloid plaques. Now, a report appearing in the September 17th print issue of Cell appears to have found a function for the amyloid precursor protein (APP for short) that yields the prime ingredient in those plaques. It turns out that APP is an iron oxidase whose job it is to convert iron from an unsafe form to a safe one for transport or........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/11/2010 8:55:42 AM)


Body weight colon cancer mortality link

Body weight colon cancer mortality link
Postmenopausal women diagnosed with colon cancer appears to be at increased risk of death if they fail to maintain a healthy body weight before cancer diagnosis, as per a research studyreported in the recent issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. The scientists observed that women considered "underweight" or "obese," or who had increased abdominal obesity previous to........Go to the Colon-cancer-blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:40:09 AM)


Using medication for insomnia or anxiety?

Using medication for insomnia or anxiety?
Taking medications to treat insomnia and anxiety increases mortality risk by 36%, as per a research studyconducted by Genevive Belleville, a professor at Universit Laval's School of Psychology. The details of this study are reported in the latest edition of the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Dr. Belleville arrived at these results through analysis of 12 years of data on over 14,000 Canadians in Statistics Canada's National Population Health........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:33:46 AM)


Mapping a Brain Atlas

Mapping a Brain Atlas
Uncovering the secrets of the brain requires an intense network of collaborative research. Building on a tool that was co-developed in his laboratory and described in a recent issue of Brain, Dr. Yaniv Assaf of Tel Aviv University's Department of Neurobiology is collaborating with an international team of researchers to understand how different parts of the human brain "connect" - and to turn this information into a "brain atlas". Brain........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/8/2010 7:15:23 AM)


Depression in the first year after child's birth

Depression in the first year after child's birth
More than one-third of mothers and about one-fifth of fathers in the United Kingdom appear to experience an episode of depression between their child's birth and 12th year of age, with the highest rates in the first year after birth, as per a report posted online today that will appear in the November print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. "Depression in parents is linked to adverse........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:41:56 AM)


Carbohydrate claims can mislead consumers

Carbohydrate claims can mislead consumers
Food manufacturers advertise a variety of foods on grocery store shelves by using nutrient claims on the front of packaging. A study in the September/recent issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior evaluates how consumers are interpreting certain carbohydrate-related content claims and the effects of claims on consumer perceptions of food products. Findings from this study reveal that consumers misinterpret low carbohydrate........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:40:08 AM)


Antibiotic-resistant infections slowing

Antibiotic-resistant infections slowing
The United States must focus on conserving the use of antibacterial drugs, or face a public health crisis from rapidly rising rates of antibiotic-resistant infections, as per an analysis out today. Evidence indicates that our nation's supply of antibiotics is being depleted by resistance, which occurs when infection-causing microbes mutate or change so that they no longer respond to widely-used therapys. Most proposals to solve this problem........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:39:02 AM)


High-fat diet during puberty linked to breast cancer

High-fat diet during puberty linked to breast cancer
Girls eating a high-fat diet during puberty, even those who do not become overweight or obese, appears to be at a greater risk of developing breast cancer during the later part of life, as per Michigan State University researchers. The implications - that a high-fat diet may have detrimental effects independent of its effect to cause obesity - could drive new cancer prevention efforts. The findings come from research at MSU's Breast........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 9/1/2010 7:13:05 AM)


Individualized chemotherapy in lung cancer

Individualized chemotherapy in lung cancer
Chemotherapy is the best broad defense against cancer recurrence after surgical resection. However, it is difficult to predict which patients will benefit from which regimen of anticancer drugs, if at all. Building on existing knowledge, a study reported in the September edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology (JTO), analyzed the usefulness of adjuvant chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on the histoculture drug........Go to the Lung-cancer-blog (Added on 9/1/2010 7:05:21 AM)


Decongestant Use and Lower Risk of Preterm Birth

Decongestant Use and Lower Risk of Preterm Birth
A newly released study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) epidemiologists has observed that women who took over-the-counter decongestants during their pregnancies are less likely to give birth prematurely. Preterm birth -- deliveries at less than 37 weeks' gestation- -- is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in developed countries, but its causes remain largely unknown, said Rohini Hernandez, the study's........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/31/2010 7:15:36 AM)


Destination amnesia

Destination amnesia
Elderly adults are more likely to have destination memory failures forgetting who they've shared or not shared information with, as per a newly released study led by Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute. It's the kind of memory faux pas that can lead to awkward or embarrassing social situations and even miscommunication in the doctor's office. Ironically, after making these memory errors elderly adults remain highly confident in their false........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/31/2010 7:11:51 AM)


The neural basis of the depression

The neural basis of the depression
Depression is actually defined by specific clinical symptoms such as sadness, difficulty to experience pleasure, sleep problems etc., present for at least two weeks, with impairment of psychosocial functioning. These symptoms guide the doctor to make a diagnosis and to select antidepressant therapy such as drugs or psychotherapy. At least 40% of depressed patients actually benefit from antidepressant therapy, whereas 20-30% of patients may........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/31/2010 7:04:26 AM)


Apixaban for prevention of stroke

Apixaban for prevention of stroke
The data monitoring committee of the AVERROES study, seeing overwhelming evidence of the success of apixaban in the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation who are unsuitable for the conventional therapy of warfarin, has recommended early termination of this study. The decision came after repeated review and careful consideration of all efficacy and safety data. The study leaders, principal investigator Dr. Stuart J.........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/31/2010 6:54:54 AM)


Vaccine has cut bacterial pneumonia

Vaccine has cut bacterial pneumonia
The number of children admitted to English hospitals with bacterial pneumonia decreased by a fifth in the two years following the introduction of a vaccine to combat the disease, according to a new study published recently in the journal Thorax Bacterial pneumonia is a serious illness caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria that mostly affects babies, young children and elderly people. In Europe, around one in ten deaths in the........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 8/27/2010 7:23:48 AM)


Walking boosts brain connectivity

Walking boosts brain connectivity
A group of "professional couch potatoes," as one researcher described them, has proven that even moderate exercise - in this case walking at one's own pace for 40 minutes three times a week - can enhance the connectivity of important brain circuits, combat declines in brain function linked to aging and increase performance on cognitive tasks. The study, in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, followed 65 adults, aged 59 to 80, who joined a........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/26/2010 11:12:24 PM)


New mechanism of memory formation

New mechanism of memory formation
Researchers from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a mechanism that plays a critical role in the formation of long-term memory. The findings shed substantial new light on aspects of how memory is formed, and could lead to novel therapys for memory disorders. The study was published as the cover story of the journal Neuron on August 26, 2010. In the study, the researchers observed that one of the major........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 8/26/2010 7:28:23 AM)


Spouses do not grow more alike

Spouses do not grow more alike
Contrary to popular belief, married couples do not become more similar over time, as per a team of scientists led by Michigan State University. Instead, people tend to pick their spouse based on shared personality traits, the scientists report in the latest issue of the journal Personality and Individual Differences. "Existing research shows that spouses are more similar than random people," said Mikhila Humbad, lead investigator. "This........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/26/2010 7:27:31 AM)


Salmon baby food?

Salmon baby food?
Has your toddler eaten fish today? A University of Illinois food science professor has two important reasons for including seafood in your young child's diet, reasons that have motivated her work in helping to develop a tasty, nutritious salmon baby food for toddlers. "First, babies need a lot of the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish for brain, nerve, and eye development, and when they switch from breast milk or formula to solid food, most........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 8/25/2010 6:57:10 AM)


 

Brain protein levels and Alzheimer's disease

Brain protein levels and Alzheimer's disease
Elevated levels of a growth protein in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is associated with impaired neurogenesis, the process by which new neurons are generated, say scientists at the University of California, San Diego in today's edition of The Journal of Neuroscience Eliezer Masliah, MD, professor of neurosciences and pathology in the UC San Diego School of Medicine and his colleagues report that increased levels of BMP6 ........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/16/2010 8:37:38 AM)


Neural proteins linked to autism disorders

Neural proteins linked to autism disorders
An international team of scientists, led by scientists at the University of California, San Diego, has identified misfolding and other molecular anomalies in a key brain protein linked to autism spectrum disorders. Palmer Taylor, associate vice chancellor for Health Sciences at UC San Diego and dean of the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, and his colleagues report in the September 10 issue of the Journal of Biological........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/11/2010 8:56:54 AM)


Restaurant menu labeling legislation

Restaurant menu labeling legislation
The government's role in improving the nation's nutrition is now firmly established with nutritional labeling for restaurant meals now mandated across the United States as part of HR 3590 Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act. An article in the recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association explains how state and municipal labeling laws developed and how the new national law will supersede these and replace them........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:47:48 AM)


High stress levels and mortality

High stress levels and mortality
High levels of the stress hormone cortisol strongly predict cardiovascular death among both persons with and without pre-existing cardiovascular disease as per a newly released study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM). In stressful situations, the body responds by producing the hormone cortisol. The effects of cortisol are intended to help the body recover from stress and........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:37:52 AM)


Predicting weight regain after dieting

Predicting weight regain after dieting
A number of people have experienced the frustration that comes with regaining weight that was lost from dieting. As per a newly released study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM), the levels of appetite hormones in the body previous to dieting may serve as a predictor of weight regain after dieting. "Treating obesity with drugs or dietary programs can be very effective in........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:35:33 AM)


New robotic head and neck cancer surgery

New robotic head and neck cancer surgery
An incisionless robotic surgical procedure is offering patients a new option to remove certain head and neck cancer tumors without visible scarring, while preserving speech and the ability to eat. Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit is among the first in the country to perform TransOral Robotic Surgery (TORS) using the da Vinci Surgical System. Unlike traditional surgical approaches to head and neck cancer, TORS patients are able to return to........Go to the ENT news blog (Added on 9/8/2010 7:22:40 AM)


Addressing negative thoughts

Addressing negative thoughts
Changing how a person perceives and thinks about others was the most effective intervention for loneliness, a sweeping analysis of prior research has determined. The findings may help physicians and psychology experts develop better therapys for loneliness, a known risk factor for heart disease and other health problems. Recently, scientists have characterized the negative influence of loneliness upon blood pressure, sleep quality, dementia,........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/8/2010 7:05:08 AM)


The brain speaks

The brain speaks
In an early step toward letting severely paralyzed people speak with their thoughts, University of Utah scientists translated brain signals into words using two grids of 16 microelectrodes implanted beneath the skull but atop the brain. "We have been able to decode spoken words using only signals from the brain with a device that has promise for long-term use in paralyzed patients who cannot now speak," says Bradley Greger, an........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:41:08 AM)


Many hospital emergency department visits

Many hospital emergency department visits
About 17 percent of all visits to hospital emergency departments across the United States could be treated at retail medical clinics or urgent care centers, potentially saving $4.4 billion annually in health care costs, as per a new RAND Corporation study. Conditions that could be treated safely outside hospitals include minor infections, strains, fractures and lacerations, as per findings reported in the September edition of the journal........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:38:16 AM)


Universal screening of newborns for congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Universal screening of newborns for congenital adrenal hyperplasia
The Endocrine Society released a new clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis and therapy of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The guideline features a series of evidence-based clinical recommendations developed by an expert task force. The guideline, reported in the September 2010 issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM), a publication of The Endocrine Society, is endorsed by the American Academy of........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/7/2010 7:37:26 AM)


Insomnia and a short sleep duration

Insomnia and a short sleep duration
A study in the Sept. 1 issue of the journal SLEEP found an elevated risk of death in men with a complaint of chronic insomnia and an objectively measured short sleep duration. The results suggest that public health policy should emphasize the diagnosis and appropriate therapy of chronic insomnia. In comparison to men without insomnia who slept for six hours or more, men with chronic insomnia who slept for less than six hours were four times........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/1/2010 7:03:52 AM)


Heavy Drinkers Outlive Nondrinkers

Heavy Drinkers Outlive Nondrinkers
One of the most contentious issues in the vast literature about alcohol consumption has been the consistent finding that those who don't drink actually tend to die sooner than those who do. The standard Alcoholics Anonymous explanation for this finding is that a number of of those who show up as abstainers in such research are actually former hard-core drunks who had already incurred health problems linked to drinking. But a new paper in the........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/1/2010 6:55:02 AM)


Improved Tool for Cycling Fitness

Improved Tool for Cycling Fitness
For competitive bicyclists with goals - whether competing in the Tour de France or aiming for the podium at a local race - faster cycling comes from training regimens based on various zones of exercise intensity. New research from exercise researchers at the University of New Hampshire has observed that effective training regimens, which generally are created after expensive, time-consuming laboratory tests, can be developed from a relatively........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 8/31/2010 7:13:27 AM)


Mandatory flu vaccine for all health-care workers

Mandatory flu vaccine for all health-care workers
Influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel is a professional and ethical responsibility and non-compliance with healthcare facility policies regarding vaccination should not be tolerated, as per a position paper released recently by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). The paper, published in this month's Infection Control and Healthcare Epidemiology journal and endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 8/31/2010 7:02:22 AM)


Heart attacks jump in young Italian women

Heart attacks jump in young Italian women
The occurence rate of acute myocardial infarction in Italy sharply increased, especially among young women, between the years 2001 and 2005, as per a comprehensive study funded by the Human Health Foundation (HHF), a nonprofit Italian charity for biomedical research and health education in Spoleto, Italy. The results were published in Aging Clinical Experimental Research "The study suggests that more information on measures to reduce risk........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 8/31/2010 6:53:47 AM)


Breastfeed to prevent diabetes

Breastfeed to prevent diabetes
Mothers who did not breastfeed their children have significantly higher rates of type 2 diabetes during the later part of life than moms who breastfed, report University of Pittsburgh scientists as per a research findings reported in the recent issue of the American Journal of Medicine. "We have seen dramatic increases in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes over the last century," said Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, M.D., M.S., assistant professor of........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 8/27/2010 7:25:23 AM)


Vitamin A and HIV virus in breast milk

Vitamin A and HIV virus in breast milk
Vitamin A and beta-carotene supplements are unsafe for HIV-positive women who breastfeed because they may boost the excretion of HIV in breast milk---thereby increasing the chances of transmitting the infection to the child, a pair of new studies suggest. Epidemiologist Eduardo Villamor of the University of Michigan School of Public Health says transmission of HIV through breastfeeding happens because breast milk carries viral particles that........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 8/26/2010 10:55:13 PM)


Our Best and Worst Moments

Our Best and Worst Moments
In the first study of its kind, scientists have found compelling evidence that our best and worst experiences in life are likely to involve not individual accomplishments, but interaction with other people and the fulfillment of an urge for social connection. The findings, which run contrary to implications of prior research, are reported in "What Makes Us Feel the Best Also Makes Us Feel the Worst: The Emotional Impact of Independent and........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 8/26/2010 10:53:48 PM)


Vitamin D to treat allergy in cystic fibrosis patients

Vitamin D to treat allergy in cystic fibrosis patients
Aug. 25 Vitamin D appears to be an effective treatment to treat and even prevent allergy to a common mold that can cause severe complications for patients with cystic fibrosis and asthma, as per scientists from Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Louisiana State University School of Medicine. Results of the study, led by Jay Kolls, M.D., Ph.D., a lung disease researcher at........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 8/26/2010 7:09:02 AM)


Federal school lunches linked to childhood obesity

Federal school lunches linked to childhood obesity
With children going back to school, parents are concerned that their youngsters are staying fit and eating right, particularly those who dine in a school cafeteria. New research funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture finds that children who eat school lunches that are part of the federal government's National School Lunch Program are more likely to become overweight. The same research study found, however, that children who eat both........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 8/25/2010 6:48:56 AM)


 

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Cancer terms:
Oncologist: Physician or surgeon who had specialized in the treatment of cancer. Medical oncologists usually treat patients with chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and biological therapy, radiation oncologists treat cancer with radiation therapy and surgical oncologists treat patients with surgery. See cancer terms for more cancer related terms.

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