Many children are exposed to violence and abuseA newly released study from the University of New Hampshire finds that U.S. children are routinely exposed to even more violence and abuse than has been previously recognized, with nearly half experiencing a physical assault in the study year.
"Children experience far more violence, abuse and crime than do adults," said David Finkelhor, director of the UNH Crimes against Children Research Center and the study director. "If life were this........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 10/7/2009 7:05:56 AM)
Body posture affects confidenceSitting up straight in your chair isn't just good for your posture it also gives you more confidence in your own thoughts, as per a newly released study.
Scientists observed that people who were told to sit up straight were more likely to believe thoughts they wrote down while in that posture concerning whether they were qualified for a job.
Conversely, those who were slumped over their desks were less likely to accept these written-down........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 8:02:42 AM)
Did mom use her pump during pregnancy?Expectant mothers who eschew asthma therapy during pregnancy heighten the risk transmitting the condition to their offspring, as per one of the largest studies of its kind reported in the European Respiratory Journal A research team from the Universit de Montral, the Hpital du Sacr-Cur de Montral and Sainte-Justine University Hospital Research Center observed that 32.6 percent of children born to mothers who neglected to treat their asthma........Go to the Allergy news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 8:00:10 AM)
Resveratrol, brain and diabetesResveratrol, a molecule found in red grapes, has been shown to improve diabetes when delivered orally to rodents. Until now, however, little has been known about how these beneficial changes are mediated in the body. A newly released study accepted for publication in Endocrinology, a journal of The Endocrine Society, shows that the brain plays a key role in mediating resveratrol's anti-diabetic actions, potentially paving the way for future........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:16:21 AM)
How your ethnicity and diabetic risk are related?Fat and muscle mass, as potentially determined by a person's ethnic background, may contribute to diabetes risk, as per a newly released study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM).
Obesity, a worldwide health concern, is linked to increased insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of obesity is increasing in all populations across the........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:12:25 AM)
Infliximab reduces need for surgery in ulcerative colititsA newly released study led by Mayo Clinic scientists has observed that ulcerative colitis patients had a 41 percent reduction in colectomy after a year when treated with infliximab, as per a research studyreported in the October 2009 issue of Gastroenterology.
Typically ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease (ibd) that causes chronic inflammation of the colon, is characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea. Like Crohn's disease,........Go to the GI news blog (Added on 10/1/2009 6:58:19 AM)
Trauma patients who were intoxicated before their injuriesTrauma patients who were intoxicated before their injuries were more likely to survive than trauma patients who suffered similar injuries but were sober at the time, as per a research studyreported in the October edition of the American Surgeon that was conducted by scientists at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed).
The scientists surveyed 7,985 trauma patients of similar age and with........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/1/2009 6:52:40 AM)
Smoking during pregnancy is riskyMothers who smoke during pregnancy put their children at greater risk of developing psychotic symptoms in their teenage years.
New research reported in the recent issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry shows a link between maternal tobacco use and psychotic symptoms.
Scientists from Cardiff, Bristol, Nottingham and Warwick Universities studied 6,356 12-year-olds from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. All the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 10/1/2009 6:48:23 AM)
How old is your muscle?A study led by scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, has identified critical biochemical pathways associated with the aging of human muscle. By manipulating these pathways, the scientists were able to turn back the clock on old human muscle, restoring its ability to repair and rebuild itself.
The findings will be published in the Sept. 30 issue of the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine, a peer-evaluated, scientific publication........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/30/2009 6:56:39 AM)
Less than half of men and women with depressionLess than half of men and women in Ontario who appears to be suffering from depression see a doctor to treat their potentially debilitating condition, as per a new women's health study by scientists at St. Michael's Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES). What's more, a number of hospitalized for severe depression fail to see a doctor for follow-up care within 30 days of being discharged, and a number of head to........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/30/2009 6:54:24 AM)
HIV-AIDS in American prison systemHIV/Aids is up to five times more prevalent in American prisons than in the general population. Adherence to therapy programs can be strictly monitored in prison. However, once prisoners are released, medical monitoring becomes problematic. A newly released study by Dr. Nitika Pant Pai an Assistant professor of Medicine and a medical scientist at the Research Institute of the MUHC suggests the majority (76%) of inmates take their........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/30/2009 6:42:49 AM)
Explaining HIV spread in Central and East AfricaResearchers studying biology and geography may seem worlds apart, but together they have answered a question that has defied explanation about the spread of the HIV-1 epidemic in Africa.
Writing in the recent issue of AIDS, a research team led by researchers at the University of Florida explained why two subtypes of HIV-1 the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS held steady at relatively low levels for more than 50........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:43:30 PM)
Metabolic syndrome, liver disease and obese teenaged boyScientists studying a large sample of adolescent American boys have found an association between metabolic syndrome, which is a complication of obesity, and elevated liver enzymes that mark potentially serious liver disease.
The link between metabolic syndrome and the suspected liver disease did not appear in adolescent girls, said study leader Rose C. Graham, M.D., a pediatric gastroenterologist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:39:53 PM)
A step forward: Brain implants using polymer nanotubesBrain implants that can more clearly record signals from surrounding neurons in rats have been created at the University of Michigan. The findings could eventually lead to more effective therapy of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease and paralysis.
Neural electrodes must work for time periods ranging from hours to years. When the electrodes are implanted, the brain first reacts to the acute injury with an inflammatory........Go to the Neurology news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:20:57 PM)
Tools for prostate cancer screeningEventhough screening for prostate cancer with the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test in men ages 50-70 can detect the cancer before it becomes symptomatic, knowing whether screening is beneficial for these men is uncertain.
Recent trials have shown small or no reductions in prostate cancer mortality among those screened. The small potential for benefit must be balanced against the more common and immediate downsides of increasing the........Go to the Prostate-cancer-blog (Added on 9/29/2009 8:10:23 AM)
Those high heeled shoes may cause you heel and ankle painWomen should think twice before buying their next pair of high-heels or pumps, as per scientists at the Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife in a newly released study of elderly adults and foot problems.
The scientists observed that the types of shoes women wear, specifically high-heels, pumps and sandals, may cause future hind-foot (heel and ankle) pain. Nearly 64 percent of women who reported hind-foot pain regularly wore........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 7:41:12 AM)
Diabetic women at higher risk of irregular heart beatDiabetes increases by 26 percent the likelihood that women will develop atrial fibrillation (AF), a potentially dangerous irregular heart rhythm that can lead to stroke, heart failure, and chronic fatigue. These are the findings of a new Kaiser Permanente study, reported in the recent issue of Diabetes Care, a journal of the American Diabetes Association.
While other studies have observed that patients with diabetes are more likely to have........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 9/28/2009 7:23:52 AM)
How to deliver the bad news?New prenatal tests for Down syndrome are soon to be offered to all pregnant women across the United States, yet telling an expectant couple that their child will be born with Down syndrome is a task very few physicians are trained for, claims research reported in the American Journal of Medical Genetics The study, which evaluated decades of surveys and interviews, offers several recommendations for how physicians can best deliver the news.
A........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/28/2009 6:50:07 AM)
Screening for jaundice in new born infantsScreening for excess amounts of bilirubin in new born infants can significantly decrease the occurrence rate of severe jaundice which, in extreme cases, can lead to seizures and brain damage, as per scientists at UCSF Children's Hospital and Kaiser Permanente's Division of Research in Oakland, CA.
The study, one of the first to examine the effectiveness of universal screening for hyperbilirubinemia, appears in the current issue of........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 9/28/2009 6:48:10 AM)
Pregnant women need flu shotsPregnant women should be sure to get all their flu shots as soon as the vaccines become available this year to protect them against both the seasonal flu and the H1N1 (swine) flu, as per eight leading national maternal and infant health organizations.
The eight organizations the March of Dimes, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Family Physicians, the........Go to the OBGYN news blog (Added on 9/24/2009 7:14:30 AM)
Spirituality in end-of-life careGuidelines derived from a recent Consensus Conference, including recommendations on the role of healthcare providers in the assurance of quality spiritual care to patients in a palliative care setting, are published in a comprehensive report in Journal of Palliative Medicine, a peer-evaluated publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (www.liebertpub.com). Journal of Palliative Medicine is the official journal of the Center to Advance Palliative........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:16:16 PM)
High-fat diet impairs muscle healthSkeletal muscle plays a critical role in regulating blood sugar levels in the body. But few studies have comprehensively examined how obesity caused by a high-fat diet affects the health of muscle in adolescents who are pre-diabetic.
In a paper published tomorrow in the scientific journal PLoS One, a team of McMaster University scientists report that the health of young adult muscle declines during the pre-diabetic state, which is when blood........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/6/2009 8:04:24 AM)
Violent upbringing begets domestic violenceA recent study from the latest issue of Personal Relationships shows that individuals who have experienced violence at an early age may have trouble adjusting to healthy, adult romantic relationships and are at a higher risk to experience marital difficulties. The research reveals that early exposure to a violent environment is likely to lead to domestic violence situations during the later part of life. Feelings of insecurity, abandonment........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:41:30 AM)
Impact of Los Angeles fast-food restaurant ban on obesityRestrictions on fast-food chain restaurants in South Los Angeles are not addressing the main differences between neighborhood food environments and are unlikely to improve the diet of residents or reduce obesity, as per a new RAND Corporation study.
Scientists from RAND Health observed that the South Los Angeles region has no more fast-food chain establishments on a per capita basis than other parts of the city, but rather a number of more........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:18:24 AM)
Why HIV is more prevalent in African Americans?HIV prevalence among African Americans is ten times greater than the prevalence among whites. This racial disparity in HIV prevalence haccording tosisted in the face of both governmental and private actions, involving a number of billions of dollars, to combat HIV. In the November 2009 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, scientists from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill examine factors responsible for the stark........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:09:25 AM)
How stiff are your arteries?How far you can reach beyond your toes from a sitting position - normally used to define the flexibility of a person's body - appears to be an indicator of how stiff your arteries are.
A study in the American Journal of Physiology has observed that, among people 40 years old and older, performance on the sit-and-reach test could be used to assess the flexibility of the arteries. Because arterial stiffness often precedes cardiovascular........Go to the Heart-watch-blog (Added on 10/6/2009 7:06:57 AM)
Don't let him eat sweet everydayChildren who eat sweets and chocolate every day are more likely to be violent as adults, as per new research.
A study of almost 17,500 participants in the 1970 British Cohort Study observed that 10-year-olds who ate confectionary daily were significantly more likely to have been convicted for violence at age 34 years.
The study, reported in the recent issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry, is the first to examine the long-term........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 10/1/2009 6:50:56 AM)
Antidepressant or placebo?When used "off-label," the antidepressant amitriptyline works just as well as placebo in treating pain-predominant gastrointestinal disorders in children, as per a newly released study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute. To view this article's video abstract, go to the AGA's YouTube Channel at www.youtube.com/AmerGastroAssn.
"A number of pharmaceutical products are........Go to the Pediatric news blog (Added on 10/1/2009 6:45:44 AM)
NFL players not more likely to develop heart diseaseFormer professional football players with large bodies don't appear to have the same risk factors for heart disease as their non-athletic counterparts, UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have found in studying a group of National Football League (NFL) alumni.
In comparison to other men in a similar age range, retired NFL players had a significantly lower prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, sedentary lifestyles and metabolic........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/30/2009 7:00:55 AM)
Those overweight middle-aged womenWomen who put on weight as they approach middle-age could reduce their chances of enjoying a healthy old age by up to 80%, as per research from the University of Warwick.
The study, published recently (Wednesday) in the British Medical Journal, suggests that women who have a high body mass index in middle age are significantly more likely to suffer from major chronic diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease and poor quality of........Go to the Weight watcher's blog (Added on 9/30/2009 6:53:01 AM)
Eat Soybeans to Prevent DiseasesSoybeans contain high levels of several health-beneficial compounds including tocopherols, which have antioxidant properties. These molecules can be used in the development of functional foods, which have specific health-beneficial properties and can be used in the therapy or prevention of diseases. Tocopherols exist in four forms (a, ß, ?, and d) of which ?-tocopherol is found in greatest concentration in soybeans. However, a-tocopherol has........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:47:12 PM)
Young Adults May Outgrow Bipolar DisorderBipolar disorder, or manic-depression, causes severe and unusual shifts in mood and energy, affecting a person's ability to perform everyday tasks. With symptoms often starting in early adulthood, bipolar disorder has been thought of traditionally as a lifelong disorder. Now, University of Missouri scientists have found evidence that nearly half of those diagnosed between the ages of 18 and 25 may outgrow the disorder by the time they reach........Go to the Psychology news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:45:21 PM)
Stem cell success to regenerate parathyroid glandsAn early laboratory success is taking University of Michigan scientists a step closer to parathyroid gland transplants that could one day prevent a currently untreatable form of bone loss linked to thyroid surgery.
The researchers were able to induce embryonic stem cells to differentiate into parathyroid cells that produced a hormone essential to maintaining bone density. The laboratory results in live cell cultures, published in Stem Cells........Go to the Research news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 10:35:50 PM)
New perspectives on cancer surgeryInstead of the classic scalpel, surgeons can also operate with an electroscalpel. A significant advantage to this technique is that while a cut is being made, blood vessels are closed off and hemorrhaging eliminated. Now another advantage appears to be added as well: a German-Hungarian research team has developed a mass-spectrometry-based technique by which tissues can be analyzed during a surgical procedure. As the team led by Zoltn Takts........Go to the Cancer-blog (Added on 9/29/2009 8:25:10 AM)
More effective mode of delivery for measles vaccineWorldwide, there are estimated to be 10 million cases of measles and 197,000 deaths from the disease each year. While vaccines exist to protect children against measles, the vaccines are often difficult to store, costly to transport and appears to be prone to contamination when shipped to developing countries. Research to be presented at the 2009 American Association of Pharmaceutical Researchers (AAPS) Annual Meeting and Exposition will reveal........Go to the Infectious disease blog (Added on 9/29/2009 8:03:14 AM)
Keep a pet, live healthierLowers blood pressure, encourages exercise, improves psychological health- these may sound like the effects of a miracle drug, but they are actually among the benefits of owning a four-legged, furry pet. This fall, the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction (ReCHAI) will explore the a number of ways animals benefit people of all ages during the International Society for Anthrozoology........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/29/2009 7:53:21 AM)
More breast cancer patients electing to remove other breastA newly released study of New York State data finds that the number of women opting for surgery to remove the healthy breast after a cancer diagnosis in one breast is rising, despite a lack of evidence that the surgery can improve survival. The study also finds that despite extensive press coverage of women who choose to have both breasts removed because of a strong family history of cancer, the rate of this surgery is relatively low and has........Go to the Breast-cancer-blog (Added on 9/28/2009 6:57:43 AM)
How income affects prostate cancer survivalProstate cancer patients who is living on low income is likely to die earlier compared to prostate cancer patients who are economically in a more advantageous position. That is the finding of a new study from Swiss researchers to be published in the December 1, 2009 issue of Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study's findings indicate that poor prostate cancer patients receive worse care than their wealthier........Go to the Prostate cancer news blog (Added on 9/28/2009 6:55:38 AM)
Diabetes weakens your bonesBoston, MA and Newark, NJ Current research suggests that the inflammatory molecule TNF-α may contribute to delayed bone fracture healing in diabetics. The related report by Alblowi et al, "High Levels of TNF-α Contribute to Accelerated Loss of Cartilage in Diabetic Fracture Healing" appears in the October 2009 issue of the American Journal of Pathology
Diabetes, a condition where the body either does not produce enough, or........Go to the Diabetic news blog (Added on 9/28/2009 6:41:47 AM)
Acetaminophen may prevent muscle lossRecent studies conducted by Dr. Eric Blough and colleagues at Marshall University have shown that use of the common pain reliever acetaminophen may help prevent age-associated muscle loss and other conditions.
Their study examined how acetaminophen may affect the regulation of protein kinase B (Akt), an enzyme known to play an important role in regulation of cellular survival, proliferation and metabolism.
The researchers' data indicates........Go to the Society medical news blog (Added on 9/24/2009 7:12:05 AM)