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Medicineworld.org: Music for stroke rehabilitation

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Music for stroke rehabilitation




Music treatment provided by trained music therapists may help to improve movement in stroke patients, as per a new Cochrane Systematic Review. A few small trials also suggest a wider role for music in recovery from brain injury.

More than 20 million people suffer strokes each year. A number of patients acquire brain injuries that affect their movement and language abilities, which results in significant loss of quality of life. Music therapists are trained in techniques that stimulate brain functions and aim to improve outcomes for patients. One common technique is rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS), which relies on the connections between rhythm and movement. Music of a particular tempo is used to stimulate movement in the patient.



Music for stroke rehabilitation

Seven small studies, which together involved 184 people, were included in the review. Four focused specifically on stroke patients, with three of these using RAS as the therapy technique. RAS treatment improved walking speed by an average of 14 metres per minute in comparison to standard movement treatment, and helped patients take longer steps. In one trial, RAS also improved arm movements, as measured by elbow extension angle.

"This review shows encouraging results for the effects of music treatment in stroke patients," said lead researcher Joke Bradt of the Arts and Quality of Life Research Center at Temple University in Philadelphia, US. "As most of the studies we looked at used rhythm-based methods, we suggest that rhythm appears to be a primary factor in music treatment approaches to treating stroke."

Other music treatment techniques, including listening to live and recorded music, were employed to try to improve speech, behaviour and pain in patients with brain injuries, and eventhough outcomes in some cases were positive, evidence was limited. "Several trials that we identified had less than 20 participants," said Bradt. "It is expected that larger samples sizes will be used in future studies to enable sound recommendations for clinical practice."


Posted by: Jennifer    Source




Did you know?
Music treatment provided by trained music therapists may help to improve movement in stroke patients, as per a new Cochrane Systematic Review. A few small trials also suggest a wider role for music in recovery from brain injury. More than 20 million people suffer strokes each year. A number of patients acquire brain injuries that affect their movement and language abilities, which results in significant loss of quality of life. Music therapists are trained in techniques that stimulate brain functions and aim to improve outcomes for patients. One common technique is rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS), which relies on the connections between rhythm and movement. Music of a particular tempo is used to stimulate movement in the patient.

Medicineworld.org: Music for stroke rehabilitation

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